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Journal Article > Study
Chang BH, Hsu YJ, Rosen MA, et al. Am J Med Qual. 2019 May 3; [Epub ahead of print].
Preventing health care–associated infections remains a patient safety priority. This multisite study compared rates of central line–associated bloodstream infections, surgical site infections, and ventilator-associated pneumonia before and after implementation of a multifaceted intervention. Investigators adopted the comprehensive unit-based safety program, which emphasizes safety culture and includes staff education, identification of safety risks, leadership engagement, and team training. Central line–associated bloodstream infections and surgical site infections initially declined, but rates returned to baseline in the third year. They were unable to measure differences in ventilator-associated pneumonia rates due to a change in the definition. These results demonstrate the challenge of implementing and sustaining evidence-based safety practices in real-world clinical settings. A past PSNet interview discussed infection prevention and patient safety.
Journal Article > Study
Association between night-time surgery and occurrence of intraoperative adverse events and postoperative pulmonary complications.
Cortegiani A, Gregoretti C, Neto AS, et al; LAS VEGAS Investigators, PROVE Network, Clinical Trial Network of the European Society of Anaesthesiology. Br J Anaesth. 2019;122:361-369.
This study found that patients undergoing surgery at night were more likely to develop intraoperative adverse events, even after adjustment for patient and procedural characteristics. The observed increase in postoperative pulmonary complications was explained by the type of surgery and underlying patient characteristics. This study adds to the body of evidence on risks associated with care outside of usual working hours.
Journal Article > Review
Young S, Shapiro FE, Urman RD. Curr Opin Anaesthesiol. 2018;31:707-712.
Office-based surgery is increasingly common, despite concerns regarding its safety. This review summarizes the literature on ambulatory surgery outcomes and identified risk factors such as case complexity, patient comorbidities, and anesthesia use. Few studies examined anesthesia use in dental care.