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Search results for "Book/Report"
AHRQ National Scorecard on Hospital-Acquired Conditions Updated Baseline Rates and Preliminary Results 2014–2017.
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; January 2019.
Hospital-acquired conditions (HACs) represent a significant source of preventable harm to patients. The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services financially penalizes hospitals with increased numbers of HACs through the Hospital-Acquired Condition Reduction Program. This policy of nonpayment has prompted hospitals to focus significant resources on preventing HACs. This AHRQ report found a reduction in HACs from 99 per 1000 acute care discharges to 86 per 1000 discharges between 2014 and 2017, representing a decrease in 910,000 HACs and savings of $7.7 billion. Declines in certain HACs such as adverse drug events and Clostridium difficile infections were noted to be more significant as compared to others. A past WebM&M commentary highlighted the clinical significance of HACs and described an incident involving a patient who developed a pressure ulcer while in the hospital.
Horsham, PA: Institute for Safe Medication Practices; 2017.
This updated report outlines 14 consensus-based best practices to ensure safe medication administration, such as diluted solutions of vincristine in minibags and standardized metrics for patient weight. The set of recommended practices has expanded since it was first developed in 2014 to include actions related to eliminating the prescribing of fentanyl patches for acute pain and use of information about medication safety risks from other organizations to motivate improvement efforts.
Chicago, IL: American Hospital Association, Health Research & Educational Trust; 2016.
Checklists are a recommended method to reduce omissions in care, despite controversies regarding their impact on safety. This toolkit provides a collection of checklists that have been developed and field tested by participants in the Hospital Engagement Network to prevent harm associated with the use of central lines, adverse drug events, and falls.
National Quality Partners. Washington, DC: National Quality Forum; 2016.
Antimicrobial stewardship has been promoted as a strategy to improve patient safety by reducing overuse of antibiotics to prevent hospital-acquired infections. This report draws from the experience of existing programs to summarize practical strategies for implementing initiatives. Core elements include engaging leadership, monitoring effectiveness, and reporting benchmarks.
Frederickson TW. Gordon DB, De Pinto M, et al. Philadelphia, PA: Society of Hospital Medicine; 2015.
Opioids are high-risk medications that are increasingly problematic for patients and providers. This guide provides instructions to help hospitals implement initiatives to improve safe prescribing and administration of opioids. Highlighted recommendations include strategies to assess processes, identify best practices, and engage staff to reduce adverse events involving opioids.
Tully MP, Franklin BD, eds. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, Taylor and Francis Group; 2016. ISBN: 9781482227000.
Horsham, PA: The Institute for Safe Medication Practices; July 2015.
To address the lack of standards on intravenous (IV) push medication administration, this guidance reflects applied expert opinion and current evidence regarding IV push medication administration to support application of best practices to facilitate safe care. To ensure the applicability and use of the recommendations in hospitals, the authors sought broader consensus and review from the field.
Washington, DC: Leapfrog Group; March 2015.
National hospital quality reports aim to provide benchmarks on safety and other quality measures, though questions remain regarding their universal applicability to gauge improvement. This analysis of the 2014 Leapfrog Hospital Survey results found that while the majority of hospitals employed computerized provider order entry (CPOE), not all systems provided appropriate warnings to prevent potentially harmful orders, suggesting CPOE systems still need improvement to augment safety.
Grossman JM, Gourevitch R, Cross D. Washington, DC: National Institute for Health Care Reform; July 2014. NIHCR Research Brief No. 17.
According to this report, many vendors are still working to add and implement enhanced functions for electronic health records to support medication reconciliation capabilities. Health care workers are instead employing hybrid paper-electronic processes to ensure patients' medication lists remain accurate throughout their hospital stay.
Oakbrook Terrace, IL: The Joint Commission; September 2012. ISBN: 9781599407555.
This e-book provides tips for incorporating activities into daily hospital practice in conjunction with the 2013 National Patient Safety Goals.
Leeds, UK: Health and Social Care Information Centre; 2018.
This report identified a significant number of medication errors associated with diabetes care in acute hospitals in England and Wales.
Koppel R, Gordon S, ed. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press; 2012. ISBN: 9780801450778.
This publication examines patient safety from various perspectives to address why, despite tactics like health care information technology implementation, problems such as hospital-acquired infections and medication errors persist.
Lucado J, Paez K, Elixhauser A. HCUP Statistical Brief #109. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; April 2011.
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.
In this annual publication, AHRQ reviews the results of the National Healthcare Quality Report and National Healthcare Disparities Report. Providing a 5-year update on the National Quality Strategy, this report highlights that a wide range of quality measures have shown improvement in quality, access, and cost.
An In Depth Investigation into Causes of Prescribing Errors by Foundation Trainees in Relation to Their Medical Education—EQUIP Study.
Dornan T, Ashcroft D, Heathfield H, et al. London: General Medical Council; 2009.
This report analyzed the causes and rates of prescribing errors in the National Health Service and found that educational level had little impact on medication errors and that many were intercepted before reaching patients. The authors suggest that a standardized national prescription chart could help prevent errors.
London, UK: Care Quality Commission; October 2009. CQC-039-500-ESP-102009. ISBN: 9781845622442.
This report analyzed how medication information is shared among UK practices and patients after a hospital stay and found that 81% of general practices thought that patient information given to them from hospitals was incomplete or inaccurate.
London, UK: National Patient Safety Agency; 2009. ISBN: 9781906624088.
This publication analyzes 72,482 medication incidents reported to the National Health Service and highlights areas for improvement and prevention.
Fillo KT. Bureau of Health Care Safety and Quality, Department of Public Health. Boston, MA: Commonwealth of Massachusetts; July 2018.
This report compiles patient safety data documented by Massachusetts hospitals. The latest numbers represent a modest decrease in serious reportable events recorded in acute care hospitals, from 1012 the previous year to 922. This presentation also includes events from ambulatory surgery centers. Previous years reports are also available.
Dixon BE, Zafar A, for AHRQ National Resource Center for Health IT. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; January 2009. AHRQ Publication No. 09-0031-EF.
This report summarizes findings from interviews with AHRQ-funded grantees who have implemented computerized provider order entry systems.
Adverse Events in Hospitals: Care Study of Incidence Among Medicare Beneficiaries in Two Selected Counties.
Levinson DR. Washington, DC: US Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Inspector General; December 2008. Report No. OEI-06-08-00220.
The Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) no longer reimburses hospitals for the costs associated with certain preventable adverse events, many (but not all) of which are considered never events. This report from the federal Office of the Inspector General (OIG) examines the adverse events in a sample of Medicare beneficiaries. As outlined in a previous report, the OIG chose to evaluate the overall incidence of adverse events, including "no pay for errors" conditions, never events, and all other adverse consequences of hospitalization, including non-preventable adverse events. Therefore, the 15% overall incidence of adverse events found in this study should be interpreted with caution. Less than 1% of patients experienced a never event, and approximately 4% experienced a condition on CMS's no pay for errors list.