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Learning from Bristol: The Report of the Public Inquiry into Children's Heart Surgery at the Bristol Royal Infirmary 1984–1995.
London, England: The Stationery Office; July 2001.
In June 1998, the Secretary for Health announced to Parliament the organization of a formal Inquiry into children's heart surgery at the Bristol Royal Infirmary between 1984 and 1995. Their objectives included understanding what happened in Bristol, assessing the quality of care and system failures that contributed to deaths, and generating lessons that could be learned for the entire National Health Service (NHS) in the United Kingdom. The inquiry was independent and not held as a legal proceeding, but provided a comprehensive investigation with interviews, expert panels, and a goal of driving improvement efforts. Section one of the report outlines pediatric cardiac surgical services in Bristol while section two focuses on recommendations to ensure high quality care across the NHS. Several publications resulted from the learnings of the Bristol inquiry, including a discussion of cultural entrapment and lessons for quality improvement.
Journal Article > Commentary
Donaldson LJ. BMJ Qual Saf. 2015;24:603-604.
Narrative elements of care failures can help motivate commitment to patient safety work by placing the incident in context. Exploring the value of patient perspectives associated with adverse events, this commentary suggests that improvement leaders consider the patient experience when designing harm reduction efforts.
O'Loughlin E. New York Times. April 30, 2018.
Large-scale adverse events should lead to system examination and improvement. This newspaper article reports on misread cervical cancer tests that resulted in 208 women receiving false negative results over a 4-year period from a publicly funded smear test program in Ireland and the government inquiry launched in response to this large-scale failure.