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- Communication Improvement 7
- Culture of Safety 10
- Education and Training 9
- Error Reporting and Analysis 31
- Human Factors Engineering 7
- Legal and Policy Approaches 7
- Logistical Approaches 4
- Policies and Operations 4
- Quality Improvement Strategies 13
- Research Directions 1
- Specialization of Care 2
- Teamwork 3
- Technologic Approaches 8
- Transparency and Accountability 6
- Device-related Complications 2
- Diagnostic Errors 1
- Discontinuities, Gaps, and Hand-Off Problems 3
- Fatigue and Sleep Deprivation 1
- Identification Errors 1
- Interruptions and distractions 1
- Medical Complications 6
- Medication Safety 14
- Nonsurgical Procedural Complications 2
- Overtreatment 1
- Psychological and Social Complications 8
- Surgical Complications 5
- Health Care Executives and Administrators
Health Care Providers
- Nurses 2
- Non-Health Care Professionals 17
- Patients 2
Search results for "Book/Report"
CHPSO: Sacramento, CA; 2019.
Patient Safety Organizations (PSOs) capture and analyze local data to inform learning among their members. This report highlights 2018 trends, activities, and outcomes of initiatives at a 10-state PSO. Sections of the report include high-level review of reported medication and perinatal events, safe table data analysis, and strategies to improve incident reporting.
Famolaro T, Yount ND, Hare R, et al. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; April 2019. AHRQ Publication No. 19-0033.
The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality conducts safety culture surveys in a wide variety of clinical settings and makes the results publicly available on a regular basis. This report contains responses to the Community Pharmacy Survey on Patient Safety Culture from 331 participating pharmacies, most of which were chain drugstores or pharmacies within integrated health systems. The areas of strength were similar to the 2015 report, with most community pharmacies scoring well for patient counseling and openness of communication regarding unsafe situations. Inadequate staffing and production pressures were the commonly identified barriers to safety. A PSNet perspective explored safety issues in the community pharmacy setting in detail.
Jha AK, Iliff AR, Chaoui AA, Defossez S, Bombaugh MC, Miller YA. Waltham, MA: Massachusetts Medical Society, Massachusetts Health and Hospital Association, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, and Harvard Global Health Institute; 2019.
Clinician well-being affects the safety of the care environment. This publication suggests that the ramifications of physician burnout are a public health concern. The report provides an overview of the burnout crisis and recommends strategies to address the problem, including mental health initiatives, electronic health record enhancements, and appointment of chief wellness officers.
Oakbrook Terrance, IL: Joint Commission; 2018. ISBN: 9781635850598.
Checklists are a widely accepted strategy to improve communication and standardize processes to support reliability. This publication includes information on what makes a checklist useful and provides numerous checklist templates that focus on tasks in areas such as medication management, performance improvement, and infection control that can be implemented in various settings.
Smith CD, Corbridge S, Dopp AL, et al. NAM Perspectives. Washington DC: National Academy of Medicine; 2018.
Teamwork can contribute to a healthy and respectful work environment. This discussion paper reviews evidence-based characteristics of high-functioning teams and barriers to their optimization in health care. Strategies to enhance teamwork and consequently clinician well-being include improvements in workflow, health information technologies, and financial models to train and sustain teams.
Horsham, PA: Institute for Safe Medication Practices; 2018.
Medication safety is a concern in various settings across an organization. This white paper discusses the role of a medication safety officer to oversee reporting and analysis of medication errors and coordinate improvement efforts. Responsibilities of a medication officer include serving as a champion, advocating for safety interventions, and helping implement system changes.
National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Washington, DC: National Academies Press; 2018. ISBN: 9780309474290.
Health literacy affects patients' ability to comprehend information about their health and participate effectively with clinicians to ensure their care is safe, appropriate, and effective. This workshop report summarizes discussions about health literacy programs and provides case studies of health organizations that have adopted such programs. A PSNet perspective discusses the intersection of patient safety and health literacy.
Washington, DC: United States Government Accountability Office; July 2018. Publication GAO-18-137.
Both organizational and individual accountability are required to ensure safe care. This analysis of Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) responses to whistle-blower concerns and reports of staff misconduct found that the VA has procedures for investigating these allegations but determined that the process was unreliable. The report outlines recommendations for improvement including ensuring whistle-blowers are treated fairly and assigning responsibilities across the hierarchy to ensure incidents receive the appropriate attention.
Bethesda, MD: Institute for Patient- and Family-Centered Care; June 2018.
Hospital patient and family advisory councils can help inform development of patient-centered safety initiatives. This report discusses characteristics of hospital-based patient and family advisory councils in the state of New York and outlines best practices for implementation to engage patients and families in quality and safety improvement.
Defense Health Agency Should Improve Tracking of Serious Adverse Medical Events and Monitoring of Required Follow-up.
Washington, DC: United States Government Accountability Office; April 2018. Publication GAO-18-378.
Adverse event reporting is an important step toward failure reduction. However, weaknesses in feedback, follow-up, and action resulting from incident reports diminish their impact on safety. This publication analyzed reporting activity and action in the Defense Health Agency. The resulting recommendations suggest the need to improve tracking of incident reports and for clarifying reporting requirements.
Famolaro T, Yount N, Hare R, et al. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; April 2018. AHRQ Publication No. 18-0030-EF.
A vibrant culture of safety is critical to achieving high reliability in health care. Organizations with stronger safety culture boast lower in-hospital mortality and fewer surgical site infections. The AHRQ Medical Office Survey on Patient Safety Culture was designed to evaluate safety culture in outpatient clinics. The 2018 comparative database report assessed 10 safety culture domains in nearly 2500 ambulatory care practices. Respondents reported high rates of teamwork and strong systems for patient follow-up. Many practices identified productivity pressures and work pace as safety hazards. Although the practices surveyed are not nationally representative, they do allow leaders and scientists to compare safety culture across practices and time. A past WebM&M commentary examined safety hazards associated with productivity pressures in health care.
Silver Spring, MD: US Food and Drug Administration; April 2018.
Reliable use of medical devices is an important contributor to safe health care delivery. This report describes the US Food and Drug Administration's plan to raise awareness of problems with devices in the field, develop new devices with better safety and cybersecurity protections, and enhance innovation and the product life cycle through regulation.
Swensen S, Strongwater S, Mohta NS. NEJM Catalyst: Insights Report. April 12, 2018.
Clinician burnout presents challenges to organizational and patient safety. This publication summarizes survey responses from clinical leadership, health care executives, and clinicians regarding the extent of the problem and solutions to reduce its prevalence in health care. Respondents considered organizations to be accountable for improvement and they reported self-care as important to manage the impact of burnout.
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; April 2018. AHRQ Publication No. 18-0028-EF.
Health care has worked to enhance use of information technologies to improve efficiency and safety. This report highlights 151 AHRQ-funded projects focused on understanding how health care information technology can address clinician needs, support decision making, and increase patient access to electronic health records.
Famolaro T, Yount N, Hare, R, et al. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; March 2018. AHRQ Publication No. 18-0025-EF.
Establishing a culture of safety is a cornerstone of efforts to develop high reliability organizations that ensure patient safety. The AHRQ Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture is a validated survey that is widely used to assess safety culture. The survey examines organizational perceptions of 12 domains of culture ranging from communication about errors to teamwork within and across units. AHRQ has provided comparative benchmarking user data since 2007. The 2018 report includes data from 630 hospitals, 306 of which provided data for both the 2018 and 2016 databases. Notable changes since 2016 include improvement in the overall perception of safety, with most participating hospitals reporting positive perceptions of management support for safety, teamwork within units, and organizational responses to errors. In contrast, handoffs, staffing, and nonpunitive response to error remained patient safety concerns for nearly half of respondents, with little to no improvement since 2016. A PSNet interview with Professor Mary Dixon-Woods discussed the evolving understanding of safety culture and recent insights into mechanisms driving safety culture improvement.
High Reliability for a Highly Unreliable World: Preparing for Code Blue Through Daily Operations in Healthcare.
van Stralen D, Byrum SL, Inozu B. North Charleston, SC: CreateSpace Publishing; 2018. ISBN: 1974506371.
High reliability principles guide health care organizations in their improvement work to augment safety in complex environments. This publication draws from a range of industries to provide insights regarding the application of high reliability concepts to health care. Areas of focus include cognition, leadership, and safety culture.
Weiss AJ, Freeman WJ, Heslin KC, Barrett ML. HCUP Statistical Brief #234. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; January 2018.
Adverse drug events (ADEs) are common and can result in patient harm. This report analyzes data from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project to compare characteristics of hospital inpatient stays involving an ADE from 2010 and 2014. Information revealed by the data include impacts on length of stay, average costs, and whether the ADE occurred in the hospital or prior to admission.
Clive, IA: Heartland Health Research Institute; January 7, 2018.
Patient perspectives can provide insights regarding areas in need of improvement. This survey of adults in Iowa revealed that 19% of respondents experienced a preventable medical error, either in their own care or as the loved one of a patient. The survey also found that patients support requiring clinician reporting of mistakes.
Dallas, TX: Facilities Guidelines Institute; 2018.
These updated guidelines include design changes, such as the adoption of private rooms to reduce medical error, interruptions, and hospital-acquired infections. The 2018 edition was developed as a 3-volume set covering hospitals, outpatient facilities, and residential health, care, and support facilities. Each provides information on design elements that enhance safety. The material also includes risk assessments to identify space concerns that could lead to unsafe conditions.
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. December 2017. AHRQ Publication No. 16(18)-0004-1-EF.
Large-scale collaboratives have achieved success in implementing patient safety improvements. This report describes the work and outcomes of a 3-year surgical safety program funded by AHRQ that involved more than 200 hospitals in the United States. The project employed models and tools to implement surgical site infection prevention strategies. Participants reported substantial reductions of surgical site infections in their facilities.