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- Communication Improvement 4
- Culture of Safety 3
- Education and Training 4
Error Reporting and Analysis
- Error Reporting
- Human Factors Engineering 4
- Legal and Policy Approaches 6
- Logistical Approaches 1
- Quality Improvement Strategies 9
- Specialization of Care 2
- Technologic Approaches 3
- Device-related Complications 3
- Discontinuities, Gaps, and Hand-Off Problems 3
- Identification Errors 5
- Medical Complications
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- Psychological and Social Complications 2
- Surgical Complications 11
- Australia and New Zealand 1
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Search results for "Book/Report"
AHRQ National Scorecard on Hospital-Acquired Conditions Updated Baseline Rates and Preliminary Results 2014–2017.
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; January 2019.
Hospital-acquired conditions (HACs) represent a significant source of preventable harm to patients. The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services financially penalizes hospitals with increased numbers of HACs through the Hospital-Acquired Condition Reduction Program. This policy of nonpayment has prompted hospitals to focus significant resources on preventing HACs. This AHRQ report found a reduction in HACs from 99 per 1000 acute care discharges to 86 per 1000 discharges between 2014 and 2017, representing a decrease in 910,000 HACs and savings of $7.7 billion. Declines in certain HACs such as adverse drug events and Clostridium difficile infections were noted to be more significant as compared to others. A past WebM&M commentary highlighted the clinical significance of HACs and described an incident involving a patient who developed a pressure ulcer while in the hospital.
St. Paul, MN: Minnesota Department of Health; March 2019.
The National Quality Forum has defined 29 never events—patient safety problems that should never occur, such as wrong-site surgery and patient falls. Since 2003, Minnesota hospitals have been required to report such incidents. The 2018 report summarizes information about 384 adverse events that were reported and found pressure ulcers and invasive procedure events increased, while fall-related deaths decreased. Reports from previous years are also available.
National Scorecard on Rates of Hospital-Acquired Conditions 2010 to 2015: Interim Data From National Efforts to Make Health Care Safer.
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; December 2016.
Medicare nonpayment and reporting requirements have stimulated health care organizations to focus on reducing hospital-acquired conditions (HACs) such as health care–associated infections and never events. The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality regularly tracks HAC rates, including rates of adverse drug events, catheter-associated urinary tract infections, central line–associated bloodstream infections, falls, obstetric adverse events, pressure ulcers, surgical site infections, ventilator-associated pneumonias, and postoperative venous thromboembolisms. According to data from the AHRQ National Scorecard, HACs have decreased by 21% between 2010 and 2015. This represents a total of 3.1 million fewer HACs contracted by hospitalized patients over 5 years, saving an estimated 125,000 lives and $28 billion. These findings represent substantial progress and support the success of incentives designed to eliminate HACs as a source of patient harm.
Preventable tragedies: superbugs and how ineffective monitoring of medical device safety fails patients.
US Senate Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions Committee. January 13, 2016.
Insufficient sterilization of duodenoscopes and other medical equipment has been linked to health care–associated infection outbreaks. This report summarizes findings from a government investigation into existing methods for monitoring and reporting device problems and provides recommendations for Congress, hospitals, and the Food and Drug Administration to augment identification and prevention of safety issues associated with medical devices.
Leeds, UK: Clinical Support Audit Unit, Health and Social Care Information Centre. December 9, 2015. ISBN: 9781783865697.
The NHS Safety Thermometer is a tool developed by the National Health Service to facilitate staff participation in measuring patient harm in various care environments. This report explores the data collected on four types of health care–acquired conditions (pressure ulcers, falls, catheter–associated urinary tract infections, and venous thromboembolisms) in NHS patients over a 1-year period.
2013 Annual Hospital-Acquired Condition Rate and Estimates of Cost Savings and Deaths Averted From 2010 to 2013.
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; October 2015. AHRQ Publication No.16-0006-EF.
Hospital-acquired conditions (HACs), some of which are never events, have been an important focus of patient safety initiatives, with reporting requirements and Medicare nonpayment leading to significant efforts to prevent these conditions. This update to a prior report from AHRQ details and confirms the declining rates in HACs between 2010 and 2013. The analysis indicated that hospitalized patients experienced 1.3 million fewer HACs over the 3 years (2011–2013) than if the HAC rate had remained at the 2010 level. Consequently, the report estimates a $12 billion savings in health care costs and 50,000 fewer hospital patient deaths. These improvements coincided with nationwide efforts to reduce adverse events, such as the Partnership for Patients initiative and Medicare payment reform. The remaining burden of HACs suggests continued investment in this patient safety problem is needed.
Golden, CO: HealthGrades, Inc.; June 9, 2014.
Analyzing Medicare data from 2010 through 2012, this report discusses hospital efforts to prevent patient harm and estimates that nearly 267,000 preventable patient safety events such as pressure ulcers and catheter-related bloodstream infections occurred during this period. In 2014, 381 hospitals received the Healthgrades Patient Safety Excellence Award.
Avery L, Bennett R, Brinsley-Rainisch K, et al. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; October 9, 2018.
Harrisburg, PA: Patient Safety Authority; May 2019.
This report summarizes patient safety improvement work in the state of Pennsylvania and reviews the 2018 activities of the Patient Safety Authority, including the launch of the Center of Excellence for Improving Diagnosis, outreach programs, liaison efforts, and the convening of the first patient safety conference for the state.
Washington DC: National Quality Forum; 2010.
The landmark Institute of Medicine (IOM) report, To Err Is Human, called for states to publicly report never events—medical errors that resulted in death or severe disability. This National Quality Forum publication evaluates the current status of state reporting systems 10 years after the IOM report, and summarizes the strengths and limitations of current public reporting initiatives. To date, 28 states maintain some type of reporting system, primarily tracking never events and health care–associated infections. However, states vary significantly in their implementation of these systems, requirements for reporting errors, and regulations regarding analysis and follow-up of errors, limiting the effect of reporting systems on improving patient safety. An AHRQ WebM&M perspective discusses the challenges and opportunities faced by current state reporting systems.
Shreve J, van Den Bos J, Gray T, Halford M, Rustagi K, Ziemkiewicz E. Schaumburg, IL: The Society of Actuaries; 2010.
Although the Institute of Medicine's estimate of up to 98,000 deaths yearly from preventable adverse events has become part of popular parlance, in truth, the true burden of medical errors remains controversial. This case–control study analyzed a large claims database of more than 24 million patients to identify errors, deaths, and costs, and found that more than 1.5 million preventable adverse events occur in hospitalized patients yearly, resulting in $19.5 billion in excess costs and 2500 excess deaths yearly. The most common preventable errors were pressure ulcers—considered a never event—and health care–associated infections. By comparing the outcomes of patients who experienced an error to patients with similar illnesses who were not harmed, this study was able to estimate costs and mortality directly attributable to errors. Prior research has found that administrative data may underestimate error incidence, so the true number and impact of errors may be higher than that reported here. Nonetheless, this study represents a significant step forward in defining the epidemiology of error in hospitalized patients.
National Quality Forum. Washington, DC: National Quality Forum; 2010.
The National Quality Forum originally published the Safe Practices for Better Healthcare in 2003. These practices are intended to be universally applicable, "gold standard" interventions for reducing preventable harm, and have been widely endorsed and implemented. As in the 2009 update, the 34 specific practices are organized into seven content areas: creating a culture of safety, providing patient-centered care and disclosing errors, matching health care needs with delivery capacity, facilitating information transfer and clear communication between providers, managing medications safely, preventing health care–associated infections, and implementing safe practices for specific clinical conditions and sites of care. There are no major changes in the recommended practices since 2009, but the report contains specific recommendations on engaging patients and families in safety efforts.
Opportunities and Recommendations for State–Federal Coordination to Improve Health System Performance: A Focus on Patient Safety.
Buxbaum J. Portland, ME: National Academy for State Health Policy; January 2010.
This briefing summarizes recommendations from a roundtable of health policy leaders, who selected the following areas as foci for initial federal–state coordination of safety efforts: reducing health care–associated infections, decreasing preventable hospital readmissions, and minimizing hospitalization for ambulatory conditions.
Trenton, NJ: New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services; March 2012.
Fillo KT. Bureau of Health Care Safety and Quality, Department of Public Health. Boston, MA: Commonwealth of Massachusetts; July 2018.
This report compiles patient safety data documented by Massachusetts hospitals. The latest numbers represent a modest decrease in serious reportable events recorded in acute care hospitals, from 1012 the previous year to 922. This presentation also includes events from ambulatory surgery centers. Previous years reports are also available.
Bunting RF Jr, Schukman J, Wong WB. Washington, DC: Atlantic Information Services, Inc.; 2009. ISBN: 1933801557.
This biannually updated publication and companion CD provide detailed health care risk management strategies and tools to reduce adverse events.
National Patient Safety Agency. London, UK: National Reporting and Learning Service; 2009.
This report from the United Kingdom is intended to guide Primary Care Trusts in implementing never events policies for 2009-2010.
Chasson L, compiler; Mahoney G, Sherard BD, eds. Cheyenne, WY: Wyoming Department of Health; 2008.
This report aggregates data on adverse events from July 2007 to June 2008 and analyzes the results of data collected in the 3 years since the Wyoming reporting program began.
Adverse Events in Hospitals: Care Study of Incidence Among Medicare Beneficiaries in Two Selected Counties.
Levinson DR. Washington, DC: US Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Inspector General; December 2008. Report No. OEI-06-08-00220.
The Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) no longer reimburses hospitals for the costs associated with certain preventable adverse events, many (but not all) of which are considered never events. This report from the federal Office of the Inspector General (OIG) examines the adverse events in a sample of Medicare beneficiaries. As outlined in a previous report, the OIG chose to evaluate the overall incidence of adverse events, including "no pay for errors" conditions, never events, and all other adverse consequences of hospitalization, including non-preventable adverse events. Therefore, the 15% overall incidence of adverse events found in this study should be interpreted with caution. Less than 1% of patients experienced a never event, and approximately 4% experienced a condition on CMS's no pay for errors list.
Sydney, Australia: Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care; 2008. ISBN: 9780980346275.
This report compiles public and private data to provide insight into the quality and safety of patient care in Australian hospitals.