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Journal Article > Commentary
Bates DW, Larizgoitia I, Prasopa-Plaizier N, Jha AK; Research Priority Setting Working Group of the WHO World Alliance for Patient Safety. BMJ. 2009;338:b1775.
This article describes the results from a group of international clinicians, researchers, and policymakers that identified undeveloped research areas in global patient safety.
Journal Article > Study
Predictors of adverse events and medical errors among adult inpatients of psychiatric units of acute care general hospitals.
Vermeulen JM, Doedens P, Cullen SW, et al. Psychiatr Serv. 2018;69:1087-1094.
Prior research has shown that numerous factors may impact patient safety in the inpatient psychiatry setting. In this study involving 4371 patients admitted to 14 inpatient psychiatric units at acute care general hospitals, researchers found that older patients and those with longer length of stay were at increased risk for adverse events and medical errors.
Journal Article > Review
Psychological and psychosomatic symptoms of second victims of adverse events: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Busch IM, Moretti F, Purgato M, Barbui C, Wu AW, Rimondini M. J Patient Saf. 2019 Mar 26; [Epub ahead of print].
The second victim phenomenon refers to the emotional impact adverse events and patient harm can have on health care team members, including physicians and nurses. This meta-analysis sought to quantify psychological and psychosomatic symptoms experienced by second victims. Researchers identified 18 studies and found that embarrassment, guilt, regret, self-recrimination, anxiety, fear of future errors, reliving the incident, and difficulty sleeping were the most common symptoms. These results underscore how involvement in errors can have detrimental consequences for provider well-being. The authors recommend both preventive programs and postevent support for health care workers after medical errors. A PSNet interview with Albert Wu, who coined the term second victim, discussed approaches to address this safety issue.