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Blum K. Pharmacy Practice News. November 16, 2011.
Exploring the impact of medication errors on clinicians, this article discusses efforts to support second victims affected by medical error.
Journal Article > Study
Kaur AP, Levinson AT, Monteiro JFG, Carino GP. J Crit Care. 2019;52:16-21.
The second victim effect has been used to describe the emotional impact that providers may experience when involved in a medical error, adverse event, or unanticipated patient outcome. In this survey study, researchers found that members of a critical care society frequently admitted to experiencing negative emotions such as blame and guilt when responding to questions involving scenarios of different types of errors. Nearly 70% of respondents suggested that team debriefings and talking with colleagues could help mitigate the second victim effect.
Another round of the blame game: a paralyzing criminal indictment that recklessly "overrides" just culture.
ISMP Medication Safety Alert! Acute Care Edition. February 14, 2019;24.
Journal Article > Commentary
Schrøder K, Lamont RF, Jørgensen JS, Hvidt NC. BJOG. 2019;126:440-442.
Medical errors can have emotional consequences for clinicians. This commentary emphasizes the importance of organizational support for second victims to ensure that these providers receive assistance from their colleagues to remain healthy and productive. The authors suggest that peer support programs are also required in organizations with blame-free cultures to support providers who feel guilt after an error.