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Search results for "Book/Report"
Zheng K, Westbrook J, Kannampallil TG, Patel VL, eds. Springer International Publishing; 2019. ISBN: 9783030169152.
Challenges associated with electronic health record design and implementation contribute to interruptions, workarounds, and information overload. This book explores topics relevant to workflow disruptions that can degrade safe practice. The chapters review strategies such as data analysis techniques and human factors engineering to generate improvements.
NHS Improvement. July 2, 2019.
The United Kingdom National Health Service (NHS) has been at the forefront of patient safety innovation. This strategy seeks to further implement approaches that explore and optimize the intersection of systems and human behaviors to support safe care at the NHS. The framework builds upon the perspectives of patients, staff, and organizations to achieve whole system improvement and sustain those changes through effective intervention and program design.
Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 2019.
Reducing adverse medication events is a worldwide challenge. This collection of technical reports explores key areas of concern that require action at a system level to improve: high-alert medications, polypharmacy, and medication use at care transitions. Each monograph provides an overview of the topic as well as practical improvement approaches for patients, clinicians, and organizations.
Partnership for Health IT Patient Safety. Plymouth Meeting, PA: ECRI Institute; 2019.
Inconsistent checking for and consideration of drug allergy alerts can diminish the safety of prescribing. This report from a multistakeholder work group provides evidence-based safe practices and recommendations for improvement, including standardizing documentation practices, actionable decision support, monitoring of alert effectiveness, and patient engagement.
The Financial and Human Cost of Medical Error... and How Massachusetts Can Lead the Way on Patient Safety.
Boston, MA: Betsy Lehman Center for Patient Safety; June 2019.
The Betsy Lehman Center is a nonregulatory Massachusetts state agency that works to coordinate provider, patient, and policy maker efforts to reduce medical errors. This report describes the results of two studies conducted by the Center and includes a retrospective analysis of insurance claims associated with preventable medical errors. Investigators identified nearly 62,000 errors and calculated excess claim costs due to medical errors of more than $617 million over a 12-month period. The Center also conducted a patient survey exploring harms from medical errors. Respondents reported loss of trust and suboptimal disclosure practices around medical errors. These results collectively convey ongoing, large-scale safety gaps in health care delivery. A past PSNet perspective discussed the tragic error involving Betsy Lehman, who died due to an inadvertent overdose of chemotherapy while receiving treatment for breast cancer at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute.
Manchester, UK: General Medical Council; June 2019.
Finding the appropriate balance between assigning criminality and accountability for tragic preventable patient harm is difficult. Summarizing a high-profile case in the United Kingdom that involved the death of a pediatric patient, misdiagnosis, and a senior pediatric trainee, this report explores elements of the criminality and accountability debate across the system and discusses policy, judicial, and individual components of a fair and just response to adverse events to keep organizations, clinicians, and patients safe.
Lives Lost, Lives Saved: An Updated Comparative Analysis of Avoidable Deaths at Hospitals Graded by The Leapfrog Group.
Austin M, Derk J. Baltimore, MD: Armstrong Institute for Patient Safety and Quality, and Johns Hopkins Medicine; May 2019.
Measures help track gaps in process and evidence of safety improvements. This white paper examines the performance of hospitals receiving Hospital Safety Grades and the relationship between high-level recognition and preventable harm. The report estimates that a substantial number of lives could have been saved if performance metrics had been met, but concludes that even high-performing hospitals exhibit areas in need of improvement.
Omaha, NE: Nebraska Coalition for Patient Safety; 2019.
Patient Safety Organizations (PSOs) provide local evidence to inform learning among their members. This annual report describes a state-wide PSO's activities, summarizes breakdowns of data collected between 2008 and 2018, offers insights drawn from an analysis of nearly 1000 incident reports, and reviews root causes analyses on incidents such as patient suicide.
Cultural Issues Related to Allegations of Bullying and Harassment in NHS Highland: Independent Review Report.
Sturrock J. Edinburgh, Scotland: The Scottish Government; May 2019. ISBN: 9781787817760.
Disrespectful and unprofessional behaviors are a common problem in health care. The report examines cultural issues at a National Health Service trust that affected the transparency needed to report disruptive behaviors and that limited conversation needed to facilitate local actions and improvement. Recommendations for the leadership, organizational, and system levels are provided to enable constructive change.
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Paris, France: OECD Publishing; 2019. ISBN: 978926474260.
The overprescribing of prescription opioids heightens the likelihood of opioid dependence and harm. This report shares data from 25 countries to provide a baseline for the current crisis. The publication illustrates the complexity of the opioid epidemic and suggests that system-focused multisector strategies are required to address the problem.
Patient Safety Ethics: How Vigilance, Mindfulness, Compliance, and Humility can Make Healthcare Safer.
Banja JD. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press; 2019. ISBN: 9781421429083.
Veazie S, Peterson K, Bourne D. Washington, DC: Department of Veterans Affairs; May 2019.
This brief evaluated published accounts of frameworks for implementing high reliability organizations to examine which approaches have been most successful. The analysis identified five common implementation strategies: leadership development, data system utilization, quality improvement interventions, training and learning, and safety culture.
Clapper C, Merlino J, Stockmeier C, eds. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education; 2019. ISBN: 9781260440928.
Achieving zero preventable harms has emerged as a clarion call for patient safety improvement. This book draws on the experience of high-risk industries to provide practices and tools that translate knowledge from aviation and other risky work environments to health care. Notable approaches covered include high reliability, learning systems, and just culture.
Tingle J, O'Neill C, Shimwell M. New York, NY: Routledge; 2019. ISBN: 9781138052789.
Improving patient safety is a global goal. This book covers error reduction methods used in developing and transitioning countries and synthesizes the concepts and theories with those from developed countries. Contributors examine strategies to transfer successes across a range of national environments and policy situations.
CHPSO: Sacramento, CA; 2019.
Patient Safety Organizations (PSOs) capture and analyze local data to inform learning among their members. This report highlights 2018 trends, activities, and outcomes of initiatives at a 10-state PSO. Sections of the report include high-level review of reported medication and perinatal events, safe table data analysis, and strategies to improve incident reporting.
Famolaro T, Yount ND, Hare R, et al. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; April 2019. AHRQ Publication No. 19-0033.
The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality conducts safety culture surveys in a wide variety of clinical settings and makes the results publicly available on a regular basis. This report contains responses to the Community Pharmacy Survey on Patient Safety Culture from 331 participating pharmacies, most of which were chain drugstores or pharmacies within integrated health systems. The areas of strength were similar to the 2015 report, with most community pharmacies scoring well for patient counseling and openness of communication regarding unsafe situations. Inadequate staffing and production pressures were the commonly identified barriers to safety. A PSNet perspective explored safety issues in the community pharmacy setting in detail.
Brownlee S, Garber J. Brookline, MA: Lown Institute; 2019.
Overprescribing is a common problem that contributes to patient harm. This report examines financial, clinical, and societal trends of medication overuse and inappropriate polypharmacy in older Americans. A culture of prescribing, deficits in information and knowledge, and fragmented care contribute to the problem. The report provides interventions to improve the safety of prescribing, including developing deprescribing guidelines, raising awareness among providers and patients about medication overload, and implementing team-based care models.
Canadian Patient Safety Institute and Health Standards Organization.
This draft 5-year framework aims to guide the activities in Canada to focus action, resources, and policy development on supporting care improvement. The document is structured around five goals: people-centered care, safe care, accessible care, appropriate care, and continuous care. The authors invited Canadian patients, families, clinicians, organization leaders, and policymakers to provide input on the material to ensure its applicability across the country.
Cullen A. Uitgeverij van Brug: The Hague, The Netherlands; 2019. ISBN: 9789065232236.
Patient stories offer important insights regarding the impact medical errors have on patients and their families. This book shares the author's experience with medical error and spotlights how lack of transparency in European health care can contribute to avoidable process failures that result in patient harm.
London, UK: Royal College of Surgeons of England; 2019.
Physical demands and technical complexities can affect surgical safety. This resource is designed to capture frontline perceptions of surgeons in the United Kingdom regarding concerning behaviors exhibited by their peers during practice to facilitate awareness of problems, motivate improvement, and enable learning.