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Search results for "United States of America"
Bruno MA. New York, NY: Oxford University Press; 2019. ISBN: 9780190665395.
Despite enhancements in medical imaging technology, diagnostic radiologists are still susceptible to uncertainty, bias, and overconfidence that hinder accurate image assessment. Discussing the scope and impact of human error in diagnostic radiology, this book explores the future of advanced information technologies in diagnostic radiology and provides recommendations to reduce the effect of human fallibility on imaging interpretation.
Hochman M, Bourgoin A, Saluja S, et al. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; March 2019. AHRQ Publication No. 18(19)-0055-EF.
Programs are in place to address hospital discharge process gaps that contribute to readmissions. This report summarizes research on primary care perspectives on reducing readmissions. Interventions identified include automated alerting to primary care providers when patients are hospitalized and the patient-centered medical home model.
Washington, DC: United States Government Accountability Office; January 2019. Publication GAO-19-197.
Record matching problems can have serious clinical impacts on patients. This report explores how to optimize demographic data integrity to improve patient record matching, as identifying information is increasingly integrated into shared record keeping systems. The investigation determined strategies to improve matching such as implementing standard data formats and disseminating best practices.
Oakbrook Terrance, IL: Joint Commission; 2018. ISBN: 9781635850598.
Checklists are a widely accepted strategy to improve communication and standardize processes to support reliability. This publication includes information on what makes a checklist useful and provides numerous checklist templates that focus on tasks in areas such as medication management, performance improvement, and infection control that can be implemented in various settings.
Smith CD, Corbridge S, Dopp AL, et al. NAM Perspectives. Washington DC: National Academy of Medicine; 2018.
Teamwork can contribute to a healthy and respectful work environment. This discussion paper reviews evidence-based characteristics of high-functioning teams and barriers to their optimization in health care. Strategies to enhance teamwork and consequently clinician well-being include improvements in workflow, health information technologies, and financial models to train and sustain teams.
Opioid-Related Inpatient Stays and Emergency Department Visits Among Patients Aged 65 Years and Older, 2010 and 2015.
Weiss AJ, Heslin KC, Barrett ML, Izar R, Bierman IR. HCUP Statistical Brief #244. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; September 2018.
Polypharmacy, chronic conditions, and mental health needs can contribute to misuse of opioids. This data analysis from the AHRQ Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project found that opioid-related hospitalizations and emergency room visits for older Americans increased substantially between 2010 and 2015.
Committee on Improving the Quality of Health Care Globally. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Washington DC: National Academies Press; August 2018. ISBN: 9780309483087.
The seminal 2001 report, Crossing the Quality Chasm, assessed deficiencies in the quality of health care in the United States across six key dimensions of care: safety, effectiveness, patient-centeredness, timeliness, efficiency, and equity. Crossing the Global Quality Chasm examines the human toll of poor-quality care worldwide, with a particular focus on low- and middle-income countries. The report documents health systems rife with quality and safety problems, estimating that 134 million adverse events (resulting in 2.5 million deaths) occur in hospitals in low- and middle-income countries yearly. High levels of both underuse and overuse of care are also documented in different settings. The authors give broad recommendations for strengthening health systems worldwide using the systems approach and principles of quality improvement. In addition, the report suggests modifying the original six dimensions of quality to include accessibility, affordability, and integrity.
Partnership for Health IT Patient Safety. Plymouth Meeting, PA: ECRI; August 2018.
Inadequate follow-up of test results can contribute to missed and delayed diagnoses. Developing optimal test result management systems is essential for closing the loop so that results can be acted upon in a timely manner. The Partnership for Health IT Patient Safety convened a working group to identify how technology can be used to facilitate improved communication and timely action regarding test results. This report summarizes the methods used by the working group and their findings. Recommendations include improving communication by standardizing the format of test results, including required timing for diagnostic testing responses, automating the notification process in electronic health records, and optimizing alerts to reduce alert fatigue. A past WebM&M commentary discussed a case involving ambulatory test result management.
National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Washington, DC: National Academies Press; 2018. ISBN: 9780309474290.
Health literacy affects patients' ability to comprehend information about their health and participate effectively with clinicians to ensure their care is safe, appropriate, and effective. This workshop report summarizes discussions about health literacy programs and provides case studies of health organizations that have adopted such programs. A PSNet perspective discusses the intersection of patient safety and health literacy.
Boston, MA: Institute for Healthcare Improvement; 2018.
The home care setting harbors unique challenges to patient safety. This report builds on a previous evidence assessment to provide recommendations to improve the safety of home-based care. The document outlines five guiding principles to enhance safety of home care, which include a focus on person-centered care, safety culture, learning and improvement systems, team-based and coordinated care provision, and incentive models.
Progress Made Towards Improving Opioid Safety, But Further Efforts to Assess Progress and Reduce Risk Are Needed.
Washington, DC: United States Government Accountability Office; May 2018. Publication GAO-18-380.
Ineffectively prescribed opioids contribute to opioid misuse and overdose among patients. This report analyzed activities at five Veterans Health Administration facilities and found inconsistent application of opioid safety strategies in the system. System-level recommendations to enhance practice include cross-system tracking efforts with defined goals and establishing a pain management leadership role at each facility.
Famolaro T, Yount N, Hare R, et al. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; April 2018. AHRQ Publication No. 18-0030-EF.
A vibrant culture of safety is critical to achieving high reliability in health care. Organizations with stronger safety culture boast lower in-hospital mortality and fewer surgical site infections. The AHRQ Medical Office Survey on Patient Safety Culture was designed to evaluate safety culture in outpatient clinics. The 2018 comparative database report assessed 10 safety culture domains in nearly 2500 ambulatory care practices. Respondents reported high rates of teamwork and strong systems for patient follow-up. Many practices identified productivity pressures and work pace as safety hazards. Although the practices surveyed are not nationally representative, they do allow leaders and scientists to compare safety culture across practices and time. A past WebM&M commentary examined safety hazards associated with productivity pressures in health care.
Swensen S, Strongwater S, Mohta NS. NEJM Catalyst: Insights Report. April 12, 2018.
Clinician burnout presents challenges to organizational and patient safety. This publication summarizes survey responses from clinical leadership, health care executives, and clinicians regarding the extent of the problem and solutions to reduce its prevalence in health care. Respondents considered organizations to be accountable for improvement and they reported self-care as important to manage the impact of burnout.
Schnell M, Currie J. Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research; August 2017. Working Paper No. 23645.
Overprescribing is seen as a contributor to the current opioid epidemic. This working paper explores the potential role that physician education and medical school quality have on prescribing behaviors. Analyzing data from 2006–2014, the authors found that lower ranked institutions wrote more opioid prescriptions and conclude that physician education may be a logical focus of improvement efforts. A recent PSNet perspective explored opioid overdose as a patient safety problem.
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; July 2017. AHRQ Publication No. 17-M018-1-EF.
Clinician burnout can affect patient safety. This report highlights AHRQ-supported research to examine burnout in health care as well as efforts to develop and test interventions for managing and reducing burnout in the care environment. Key findings include the high prevalence of burnout among United States clinicians and the identification of factors that contribute to burnout, such as short visits, complicated patients, and electronic health record stress. The report also outlines interventions that require additional testing to effectively reduce clinician burnout. An Annual Perspective discussed the relationship between burnout and patient safety and reviewed strategies to address burnout among clinicians.
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; April 2018.
Patient engagement in the process of care is important to improve safety in primary care. This guide includes case studies and highlights handoffs, teach-back, tools to prepare patients for appointments, and brown-bag medication management as strategies to encourage patients and caregivers to participate in safety.
Designing and Delivering Whole-Person Transitional Care: Hospital Guide to Reducing Medicaid Readmissions.
Boutwell A, Bourgoin A , Maxwell J, DeAngelis K, Genetti S, Savuto M, Snow J. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; September 2016. AHRQ Publication No.16-0047-EF.
This toolkit provides information for hospitals to help reduce preventable readmissions among Medicaid patients. Building on hospital experience with utilizing the materials since 2014, this updated guide explains how to determine root causes for readmissions, evaluate existing interventions, develop a set of improvement strategies, and optimize care transition processes.
National Quality Partners. Washington, DC: National Quality Forum; 2016.
Antimicrobial stewardship has been promoted as a strategy to improve patient safety by reducing overuse of antibiotics to prevent hospital-acquired infections. This report draws from the experience of existing programs to summarize practical strategies for implementing initiatives. Core elements include engaging leadership, monitoring effectiveness, and reporting benchmarks.
Grossman JM, Gourevitch R, Cross D. Washington, DC: National Institute for Health Care Reform; July 2014. NIHCR Research Brief No. 17.
According to this report, many vendors are still working to add and implement enhanced functions for electronic health records to support medication reconciliation capabilities. Health care workers are instead employing hybrid paper-electronic processes to ensure patients' medication lists remain accurate throughout their hospital stay.
Oakbrook, IL: Joint Commission Resources; January 2014.