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Journal Article > Study
Al Mohajer M, Joiner KA, Nix DE. Acad Med. 2018;93:1827-1832.
The Hospital-Acquired Condition Reduction Program (HACRP) was established by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) and withholds payment to hospitals for several hospital-acquired conditions deemed to be preventable sources of patient harm. Prior research has shown that teaching hospitals, hospitals caring for more complicated and high-risk patients, and safety-net hospitals may be more likely to experience financial penalties under HACRP compared to nonteaching hospitals caring for less sick patients. These findings raised concerns regarding the possible unintended consequences related to pay-for-performance. Researchers sought to identify factors associated with HACRP performance and penalties. They found that teaching institutions and hospitals with higher case-mix index, length of stay, and those located in the Northeast or Western United States were more likely to receive penalties under the CMS program. A previous WebM&M commentary discussed the unintended consequences associated with publicly reported health care quality measures.
Journal Article > Study
Patient safety incidents associated with obesity: a review of reports to the National Patient Safety Agency and recommendations for hospital practice.
Booth CM, Moore CE, Eddleston J, Sharman M, Atkinson D, Moore JA. Postgrad Med J. 2011;87:694-699.
The obesity epidemic is considered an urgent public health issue in Europe and the United States. Although morbidly obese patients are prone to a variety of medical issues, no study to date has evaluated patient safety risks in this population. This retrospective analysis of errors voluntarily reported to the United Kingdom's National Patient Safety Agency documents more than 380 errors and near misses in which obesity was considered a contributing factor. The majority of errors were partly attributable to inadequate equipment for caring for such patients, particularly in the surgical and critical care environments. Based on these data, the authors advocate for multidisciplinary approaches to systematizing care for morbidly obese patients. The challenges of caring for obese patients are discussed in an AHRQ WebM&M commentary, which examined a case of an ultimately fatal delayed diagnosis in a morbidly obese woman.