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Search results for "Information Professionals"
Bruno MA. New York, NY: Oxford University Press; 2019. ISBN: 9780190665395.
Despite enhancements in medical imaging technology, diagnostic radiologists are still susceptible to uncertainty, bias, and overconfidence that hinder accurate image assessment. Discussing the scope and impact of human error in diagnostic radiology, this book explores the future of advanced information technologies in diagnostic radiology and provides recommendations to reduce the effect of human fallibility on imaging interpretation.
Washington, DC: United States Government Accountability Office; January 2019. Publication GAO-19-197.
Record matching problems can have serious clinical impacts on patients. This report explores how to optimize demographic data integrity to improve patient record matching, as identifying information is increasingly integrated into shared record keeping systems. The investigation determined strategies to improve matching such as implementing standard data formats and disseminating best practices.
Watts E, Rayman G. Diabetes UK. London, UK; 2018.
Chronic disease management can add complexity to inpatient care regimens. Researchers worked with patients, system leaders, and clinicians to examine areas of risk for hospitalized patients with diabetes and determine solutions such as specialized teams, clinical leadership, and improved use of technology. A WebM&M commentary illustrated safety challenges associated with providing care for hospitalized patients with diabetes.
Partnership for Health IT Patient Safety. Plymouth Meeting, PA: ECRI; August 2018.
Inadequate follow-up of test results can contribute to missed and delayed diagnoses. Developing optimal test result management systems is essential for closing the loop so that results can be acted upon in a timely manner. The Partnership for Health IT Patient Safety convened a working group to identify how technology can be used to facilitate improved communication and timely action regarding test results. This report summarizes the methods used by the working group and their findings. Recommendations include improving communication by standardizing the format of test results, including required timing for diagnostic testing responses, automating the notification process in electronic health records, and optimizing alerts to reduce alert fatigue. A past WebM&M commentary discussed a case involving ambulatory test result management.
Philadelphia, PA: Pew Charitable Trusts, American Medical Association, and Medstar Health; 2018.
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; April 2018. AHRQ Publication No. 18-0028-EF.
Health care has worked to enhance use of information technologies to improve efficiency and safety. This report highlights 151 AHRQ-funded projects focused on understanding how health care information technology can address clinician needs, support decision making, and increase patient access to electronic health records.
Weiner J, Bao Y, Meisel Z. LDI/CHERISH Issue Brief. June 2017.
Health care has been exploring a variety of strategies to mitigate the opioid epidemic. Exploring the current state of prescription drug monitoring programs as one approach to reduce the misuse of prescribed opioids, this issue brief discusses the role of provider and patient behaviors, the potential for mandates to increase monitoring, and integration of monitoring systems into electronic health record technologies as avenues to support improvement.
Lowry SZ, Ramaiah M, Prettyman SS, et al. Gaithersburg, MD: National Institute of Standards and Technology, United States Department of Commerce; January 19, 2017. NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR)-8166.
Copying and pasting information in electronic health records can introduce risks. This report discusses a human factors study of the phenomenon to determine how the practice affects information distribution. The authors conclude that the problem does exist, describe its impact on situational awareness, and provide recommendations to improve safety associated with the copy-and-paste function.
Electronically Generated Medication Administration and Electronic Medication Administration Records for the Prevention of Medication Transcription Errors: Review of Clinical Effectiveness and Safety.
Ottawa, ON: Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health; 2016.
Goals and Priorities for Health Care Organizations to Improve Safety Using Health IT. Revised Report.
Graber ML, Bailey R, Johnston D. RTI International; Washington, DC: US Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; 2016.
Washington, DC: National Quality Forum; February 2016.
Health information technology (IT) has transformed health care and improved patient safety, but it has also led to unintended consequences that increase the risk for patient harm. This comprehensive report from the National Quality Forum aims to define and prioritize measures of health IT–related safety so that issues can be quantified and monitored over time. The report identifies nine priority areas for measurement, ranging from tracking the extent of system interoperability to clinical decision support to patient engagement. For each area, the authors recommend using a previously published framework to examine three domains: data considerations like availability and interoperability; technology–work system interaction, such as usability, training, governance, and safety monitoring; and application of health IT to make care safer. The committee proposes to hold health IT vendors, health care organizations, and clinicians accountable for specific safety metrics for health IT systems. Although these measures require further development and testing, this report lays the foundation for more systematically evaluating the safety gains and concerns associated with widespread health IT implementation.
Partnership for Health IT Patient Safety. Plymouth Meeting, PA: ECRI; February 2016.
Electronic health records have potential to improve health care, but they may also introduce unanticipated risks. This report describes the results of a group convened to explore strategies to enhance health IT safety. Focusing on copying and pasting health data from one record to another as the first area of concern, the report recommends enabling systems to identify what data has been copied in the electronic health record and where it came from, providing training to ensure the safe use of copy and paste, and regularly track and assess copying and pasting practices. The report includes tools to related to the recommendations. A WebM&M commentary explores the hazards associated with the use of copy and paste.
Technical Evaluation, Testing, and Validation of the Usability of Electronic Health Records: Empirically Based Use Cases for Validating Safety-Enhanced Usability and Guidelines for Standardization.
Lowry SZ, Ramaiah M, Taylor S, et al. Gaithersburg, MD: US Department of Commerce, National Institute of Standards and Technology; October 2015. NISTIR 7804-1.
Unintended consequences associated with usability of electronic health record (EHR) systems have the potential to negatively affect patient safety. This report outlines standards to enhance safety-related usability of EHRs by identifying root causes of use errors and addressing these weaknesses through human factors design.
RTI International. Washington, DC: Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; July 2015.
The Institute of Medicine called for enhanced transparency in the reporting of health IT safety incidents to inform implementation and use of such technologies. This report reviews insights from a multidisciplinary task force that discussed how to design an entity focused on improving health IT–related safety that enables collaboration and learning.
Sittig DF, Singh H, eds. Waretown, NJ: Apple Academic Press; 2015. ISBN: 9781771881173.
Wachter R. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; 2015. ISBN: 9780071849463.
Over the past few years, driven by $30 billion of federal incentives to doctors and hospitals, the adoption rate for electronic health records has dramatically increased, from approximately 10% in 2008 to 70% today. In essence, health care has switched from being a primarily analog to a primarily digital industry. While evidence suggests that the digitization of health care is having a positive effect on safety and quality, many challenges and unanticipated consequences have emerged. Written by a national leader in patient safety, this book chronicles some of these, including physician dissatisfaction, changing relationships among providers and between providers and patients, new kinds of medical mistakes, and problems with clinician work flow. It also highlights some of the opportunities arising from increasingly engaged patients and the entry of Silicon Valley into the health care market. Ultimately, it paints a hopeful picture of where health care information technology may take us, making the case that this positive future state will depend on both the evolution of the software and on changes in culture, training, and the organization of the work.
Washington, DC: Leapfrog Group; March 2015.
National hospital quality reports aim to provide benchmarks on safety and other quality measures, though questions remain regarding their universal applicability to gauge improvement. This analysis of the 2014 Leapfrog Hospital Survey results found that while the majority of hospitals employed computerized provider order entry (CPOE), not all systems provided appropriate warnings to prevent potentially harmful orders, suggesting CPOE systems still need improvement to augment safety.
Banger A, Graber ML. Washington, DC: Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; February 2015.
Rapid implementation of health information technology (IT) has presented several unanticipated safety issues. This publication explores and summarizes the current evidence around health IT and patient safety. Despite reported challenges, the authors found that health IT enhances patient safety and suggest that future research should consider the unintended consequences of health IT use, particularly the effect of human and contextual factors on implementation.
Bisantz AM, Burns CM, Fairbanks RJ, eds. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press; 2014. ISBN: 9781466587960.
Grossman JM, Gourevitch R, Cross D. Washington, DC: National Institute for Health Care Reform; July 2014. NIHCR Research Brief No. 17.
According to this report, many vendors are still working to add and implement enhanced functions for electronic health records to support medication reconciliation capabilities. Health care workers are instead employing hybrid paper-electronic processes to ensure patients' medication lists remain accurate throughout their hospital stay.