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Search results for "Labor and Delivery"
Legislation/Regulation > Sentinel Event Alerts
Sentinel Event Alert. January 26, 2010;(44):1-4.
The Joint Commission issues Sentinel Event Alerts to highlight areas of high risk and to promote the rapid adoption of risk reduction strategies. Adherence to these recommendations is then assessed as part of Joint Commission accreditation surveys at health care organizations nationwide. This recently retired alert targets prevention of maternal death and highlights the need to manage blood pressure, pay attention to vital signs following cesarean delivery, and hemorrhage. The alert also provides recommendations around educational strategies, identifying specific clinical triggers for action, and conducting adequate risk assessments. As of September 2016, current guidance will being distributed by a new initiative.
Journal Article > Commentary
Smetzer J, Baker C, Byrne FD, Cohen MR. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 2010;36:152-163, 1AP-2AP.
This article discusses how a hospital responded to a fatal medication error that occurred when a nurse mistakenly administered epidural pain medication intravenously to a pregnant teenager. Findings from the root cause analysis of the error revealed underlying factors including fatigue (the nurse had worked a double shift the day before), failed safety systems (the hospital had recently implemented a bar coding system, but not all nurses were trained and workarounds were routine), and human factors engineering (bags containing antibiotics and pain medications were similar in appearance and could be accessed with the same type of catheter). A range of safety interventions were implemented as a result. However, the related editorials by leaders in the safety field (Drs. Sidney Dekker, Charles Denham, and Lucian Leape) take the hospital to task for focusing on narrow improvements rather than using complexity theory to solve underlying problems, and for creating a "second victim" by disciplining the nurse (who was fired and ultimately criminally prosecuted) rather than acknowledging the institution's responsibility and the caregiver's emotional distress. The article and commentaries provide a fascinating, in-depth look at the true impact of a never event.
Mix-ups between epidural analgesia and IV antibiotics in labor and delivery units continue to cause harm.
ISMP Medication Safety Alert! Acute Care Edition. October 4, 2018;23:1-4.
Increased urgency to prevent maternal mortality has uncovered various factors that diminish safety. This newsletter article reports on incidents involving the accidental misuse of epidural analgesia and intravenous antibiotics in labor and delivery care, describes contributing factors (e.g., health technology missteps, barcoding mistakes, and look-alike medications), and offers improvement strategies to mitigate harm.
Journal Article > Study
Advancing perinatal patient safety through application of safety science principles using health IT.
Webb J, Sorensen A, Sommerness S, Lasater B, Mistry K, Kahwati L. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak. 2017;17:176.
AHRQ's Safety Program for Perinatal Care used a multifaceted approach based on the comprehensive unit-based safety program to improve safety culture and perinatal outcomes at 46 hospitals. In this study, investigators conducted structured interviews to evaluate how participating hospitals used health information technology to enable implementation of the program. A variety of uses for health IT were described, including integration of checklists and standardized handoff tools into the electronic health record.
Journal Article > Commentary
ACOG Committee on Patient Safety and Quality Improvement; Committee on Practice Management. Obstet Gynecol. 2015;125:282-283.
Despite improvements associated with health information technology (IT), consistently safe use has been difficult to achieve. This guideline describes the benefits and challenges associated with various components of health IT and suggests that enhanced interoperability and mandatory reporting for health IT errors are needed to improve safety.
Journal Article > Study
Effect of a comprehensive obstetric patient safety program on compensation payments and sentinel events.
Grunebaum A, Chervenak F, Skupski D. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2011;204:97-105.
Implementing a comprehensive safety program, which included teamwork training, additional staffing and reduction of work hours, electronic medical records, and a dedicated patient safety nurse, was associated with a sharp reduction in malpractice lawsuits and sentinel events at an academic hospital.
Wahlberg D. Wisconsin State Journal. July 22, 2006:A1.
This article reports on a federal warning issued to a hospital after a medication error led to the death of a 16-year-old girl.