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Search results for "Legal and Policy Approaches"
- Human Factors Engineering
- Legal and Policy Approaches
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Paris, France: OECD Publishing; 2019. ISBN: 978926474260.
The overprescribing of prescription opioids heightens the likelihood of opioid dependence and harm. This report shares data from 25 countries to provide a baseline for the current crisis. The publication illustrates the complexity of the opioid epidemic and suggests that system-focused multisector strategies are required to address the problem.
Journal Article > Review
Joseph A, Henriksen K, Malone E. Health Aff (Millwood). 2018;37:1884-1891.
The built environment influences the safety and effectiveness of care delivery. This narrative review examines how care facility design can reduce health care–associated infections, falls, and medication errors. The authors provide suggestions regarding a range of facility design strategies and discuss how accreditation, funding, and policy organizations can support design projects as improvement efforts.
Journal Article > Commentary
Carthey J, Walker S, Deelchand V, Vincent C, Griffiths WH. BMJ. 2011;343:d5283.
Examining reasons for non-compliance with policy and guidelines in health care, this commentary recommends applying a human factors approach to address this issue.
Austin, TX: Texas Medical Institute for Technology and the Quaid Foundation; 2010.
This documentary reports on families affected by medical errors; it includes the story of a high-profile heparin overdose and how it transformed the family of actor Dennis Quaid into advocates for patient safety.
Failed check system for chemotherapy leads to pharmacist's "no contest" plea for involuntary manslaughter.
ISMP Medication Safety Alert! Acute Care Edition. April 23, 2009;14:1-2.
This article examines a case in which a health care professional faces criminal charges for a medication error. The piece discusses how criminalization of errors in health care could thwart broader efforts to learn from mistakes.
Journal Article > Commentary
From tasks to processes: the case for changing health information technology to improve health care.
Walker JM, Carayon P. Health Aff (Millwood). 2009;28:467-477.
This commentary describes how health information technology (IT) could be revamped to support patient-centered care and how a new IT system would affect policy.
Perspectives on Safety > Interview
Not Paying for Errors: A Policy Perspective, October 2008
At the University of California, San Francisco, Robert M. Wachter, MD, is Professor and Chief of the Division of Hospital Medicine; Associate Chairman of the Department of Medicine; Lynne and Marc Benioff Endowed Chair in Hospital Medicine; and Chief of the Medical Service at UCSF Medical Center. He is also Editor of AHRQ WebM&M and AHRQ Patient Safety Network.
Jewett C. Kaiser Health News. May 3, 2019.
Transparency has been heralded as a cornerstone to improvement in health care. This news article reports on a government alternative summary reporting program that allowed medical device makers to conceal safety events and malfunction reports associated with medical devices. A new program that expands access to information about device-related failures will be put in place.
Gordon M. Health Shots. National Public Radio. April 10, 2019.
Punitive responses to medical errors persist despite continued efforts to reduce them. This news article reports on an incident involving the mistaken use of a neuromuscular blocking agent that resulted in the death of a patient, the prosecution of the nurse who made the error, and systemic and human factors that contribute to similar events.
Journal Article > Commentary
Morgan L, Benson D, McCulloch P. BMJ. 2019;364:l1037.
Investigations into medical mistakes that result in patient harm should be fair, complete, and consider the context of the event. This commentary examines investigation processes in the United Kingdom and highlights the importance of understanding how human factors contribute to error to help effectively assess each incident and support transparency and improvement.
Hendricks R, O'Neil M, Volmert A. Boston, MA: Betsy Lehman Center for Patient Safety; March 2019.
This report suggests that the field of patient safety needs to be reframed for the public. The report recommends that patient safety professionals, experts, and advocates define patient safety, explain the prevalence of medical errors, and describe solutions. The authors emphasize that sharing the systems approach to improvement can help patients understand how patient safety issues can be prevented. They encourage continued use of the aviation metaphor to illustrate why medical errors occur and how to address them. The authors urge patient involvement with a focus on concrete activities, but they recommend avoiding the term "patient empowerment." An Annual Perspective discussed how patient engagement, when done correctly, can help health care systems identify safety hazards, regain trust after they occur, and codesign sustainable solutions.
Another round of the blame game: a paralyzing criminal indictment that recklessly "overrides" just culture.
ISMP Medication Safety Alert! Acute Care Edition. February 14, 2019;24.
Mohr H, Weiss M. Associated Press. November 27, 2018.
Journal Article > Commentary
Challenges and opportunities for improving patient safety through human factors and systems engineering.
Carayon P, Wooldridge A, Hose BZ, Salwei M, Benneyan J. Health Aff (Millwood). 2018;37:1862-1869.
System and process weaknesses can hinder safe patient care. This commentary raises awareness of human factors engineering as a key opportunity for enhancing patient safety. The authors provide recommendations to drive adoption and spread of human factors strategies through targeted education, clinician–engineer partnerships, and coordinated improvement efforts.
Bethesda, MD: Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health. May 21, 2018. PA-18-790; PA-18-791.
Journal Article > Study
Zuckerman RB, Joynt Maddox KE, Sheingold SH, Chen LM, Epstein AM. N Engl J Med. 2017;377:1551-1558.
Under the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Service Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program, hospitals are subject to nonpayment if patients with certain medical conditions are readmitted. Research supports the effectiveness of this program in decreasing readmissions and some have argued for expansion to a hospital-wide readmission measure. Using Medicare claims data, investigators concluded that transitioning to a hospital-wide readmission measure would lead to greater penalties for safety-net hospitals compared to other hospitals, a concern that has been raised with regard to Medicare's Hospital-Acquired Condition Program.
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Health Care Innovations Exchange. May 18, 2016.
Preventable tragedies: superbugs and how ineffective monitoring of medical device safety fails patients.
US Senate Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions Committee. January 13, 2016.
Insufficient sterilization of duodenoscopes and other medical equipment has been linked to health care–associated infection outbreaks. This report summarizes findings from a government investigation into existing methods for monitoring and reporting device problems and provides recommendations for Congress, hospitals, and the Food and Drug Administration to augment identification and prevention of safety issues associated with medical devices.
Move toward full use of metric dosing: eliminate dosage cups that measure liquids in fluid drams. Use cups that measure mL.
National Alert Network. Horsham, PA: Institute for Safe Medication Practices; Bethesda, MD: American Society of Health-System Pharmacists. June 30, 2015.
Standard use of metric oral dosage instructions has been advocated as a medication safety strategy. Raising concerns around dosing cups that include drams and ounces as scales—measures no longer in clinical use—which are available from major vendors and may be found in health care facilities, this announcement recommends use of oral syringes that only measure in milliliters for oral liquid medications to prevent errors.
Ryan J. All Things Considered. National Public Radio. October 16, 2013.
This radio news segment reports on patient falls, including risk factors and prevention strategies.