Narrow Results Clear All
- Communication Improvement 7
- Culture of Safety 4
- Education and Training 3
- Error Reporting and Analysis 8
- Human Factors Engineering 7
- Legal and Policy Approaches 2
- Policies and Operations 2
- Quality Improvement Strategies 7
- Research Directions 3
- Specialization of Care 1
- Clinical Information Systems 33
- Diagnostic Errors 4
- Discontinuities, Gaps, and Hand-Off Problems 7
- Identification Errors 2
- Interruptions and distractions 1
- Medication Errors/Preventable Adverse Drug Events 10
- Psychological and Social Complications 4
- Medicine 47
- Pharmacy 6
- Health Care Executives and Administrators 55
Health Care Providers
- Nurses 1
Non-Health Care Professionals
- Information Professionals
- Patients 4
- Asia 1
- Australia and New Zealand 1
- Europe 9
- Canada 2
Search results for "Information Professionals"
- Information Professionals
AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2011;19-1667.
This publication includes numerous articles discussing how health information technologies can improve patient safety.
Falls Church, VA: The Lewin Group, Inc.; 2005.
Prepared by the Lewin Group for the Department of Health and Human Services, this 45-page report summarizes the argument for widespread adoption of information technology (IT) systems as a mechanism to improve health care quality. The panel highlights three key imperatives, which include making IT implementation a top priority, encouraging the federal government to leverage its position to drive adoption, and promoting collaboration in these efforts with private sector purchasers and organizations. The report offers several strategic recommendations and also provides background on health IT, the associated economics, and factors that affect and promote adoption.
Topol E. New York, NY: Basic Books; 2019. ISBN: 978-1541644632.
This book explores how advancements in technology can improve decision making but may also diminish patient-centered care. The author discusses the potential of big data, artificial intelligence, and machine learning to enhance diagnosis and care delivery. A past PSNet interview with the author, Eric Topol, talked about the role of patients in the new world of digital health care.
Bruno MA. New York, NY: Oxford University Press; 2019. ISBN: 9780190665395.
Despite enhancements in medical imaging technology, diagnostic radiologists are still susceptible to uncertainty, bias, and overconfidence that hinder accurate image assessment. Discussing the scope and impact of human error in diagnostic radiology, this book explores the future of advanced information technologies in diagnostic radiology and provides recommendations to reduce the effect of human fallibility on imaging interpretation.
Hochman M, Bourgoin A, Saluja S, et al. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; March 2019. AHRQ Publication No. 18(19)-0055-EF.
Programs are in place to address hospital discharge process gaps that contribute to readmissions. This report summarizes research on primary care perspectives on reducing readmissions. Interventions identified include automated alerting to primary care providers when patients are hospitalized and the patient-centered medical home model.
Lau F, Bartle-Clar JA, Bliss G, et al, eds. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2019;257:1-539. ISBN: 9781614999508.
Information technology is prevalent in health care and is associated with both optimized processes and unintended consequences. This publication is a compilation of papers from an international conference that explored the potential of health information technology and the research needed to achieve success. Topics covered include usability, implementation, interoperability, and policy.
Washington, DC: United States Government Accountability Office; January 2019. Publication GAO-19-197.
Record matching problems can have serious clinical impacts on patients. This report explores how to optimize demographic data integrity to improve patient record matching, as identifying information is increasingly integrated into shared record keeping systems. The investigation determined strategies to improve matching such as implementing standard data formats and disseminating best practices.
Jha AK, Iliff AR, Chaoui AA, Defossez S, Bombaugh MC, Miller YA. Waltham, MA: Massachusetts Medical Society, Massachusetts Health and Hospital Association, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, and Harvard Global Health Institute; 2019.
Clinician well-being affects the safety of the care environment. This publication suggests that the ramifications of physician burnout are a public health concern. The report provides an overview of the burnout crisis and recommends strategies to address the problem, including mental health initiatives, electronic health record enhancements, and appointment of chief wellness officers.
Horsham, PA: Institute for Safe Medication Practices; January 2019.
Inaccurate or incomplete data in electronic health records can limit the effectiveness of health information technology. This guideline focuses on improvements in how medication information is formatted to support safe medication delivery. Recommended approaches include avoidance of error-prone abbreviations, use of Tall Man lettering, and required use of metric measurements to reduce risks in electronic health records, barcoding systems, smart infusion devices, and other information technologies.
Strategy on Reducing Regulatory and Administrative Burden Relating to the Use of Health IT and EHRs.
Washington, DC: Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; November 28, 2018.
Clinician burnout is a persistent threat to patient safety, and electronic health records have been identified as a high-profile contributor to the problem. This call for public comments on a draft report seeks insights on specific goals and recommended strategies to address the issue. The approaches outlined focus on reducing the time burden associated with frontline electronic health record use. The option for submitting comments is closed.
Pronovost P, Johns MME, Palmer S, et al, eds. Washington, DC: National Academy of Medicine; 2018. ISBN: 9781947103122.
Although health information technology was implemented to improve safety, it has resulted in unintended consequences such as clinician burnout and perpetuation of incorrect information. This publication explores the barriers to achieving the interoperability needed to build a robust digital infrastructure that will seamlessly and reliably share information across the complex system of health care. The report advocates for adjusting purchasing behaviors to focus less on the price and features of each product and to instead look for interoperable technologies. The report outlines five action priorities to guide leadership decision-making around procurement, including championing systemwide interoperability and identifying goals and requirements. A PSNet interview discussed potential consequences of the digitization of health care.
Watts E, Rayman G. Diabetes UK. London, UK; 2018.
Chronic disease management can add complexity to inpatient care regimens. Researchers worked with patients, system leaders, and clinicians to examine areas of risk for hospitalized patients with diabetes and determine solutions such as specialized teams, clinical leadership, and improved use of technology. A WebM&M commentary illustrated safety challenges associated with providing care for hospitalized patients with diabetes.
Partnership for Health IT Patient Safety. Plymouth Meeting, PA: ECRI; August 2018.
Inadequate follow-up of test results can contribute to missed and delayed diagnoses. Developing optimal test result management systems is essential for closing the loop so that results can be acted upon in a timely manner. The Partnership for Health IT Patient Safety convened a working group to identify how technology can be used to facilitate improved communication and timely action regarding test results. This report summarizes the methods used by the working group and their findings. Recommendations include improving communication by standardizing the format of test results, including required timing for diagnostic testing responses, automating the notification process in electronic health records, and optimizing alerts to reduce alert fatigue. A past WebM&M commentary discussed a case involving ambulatory test result management.
Philadelphia, PA: Pew Charitable Trusts, American Medical Association, and Medstar Health; 2018.
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; April 2018. AHRQ Publication No. 18-0028-EF.
Health care has worked to enhance use of information technologies to improve efficiency and safety. This report highlights 151 AHRQ-funded projects focused on understanding how health care information technology can address clinician needs, support decision making, and increase patient access to electronic health records.
Philadelphia, PA: Pew Charitable Trusts; December 2017.
The usability of health information technologies (IT) is a key component to their safe effective use. This report introduces problems that surface due to poor design of health IT systems, summarizes expert opinion on the role of system usability in patient safety, and describes an approach to monitor and improve the safety of health IT by engaging multistakeholder collaboration.
Institute for Healthcare Improvement, National Patient Safety Foundation. Cambridge, MA: Institute for Healthcare Improvement; 2017.
Missed and delayed diagnoses can stem from problems in the outpatient referral process. The Institute for Healthcare Improvement convened an expert panel aimed at addressing safety vulnerabilities in the current referral process. The report delineates nine steps in the referral process, starting from the primary care provider ordering the referral and ending with communication of the treatment plan to patients and families. Recommendations to improve this process include interoperability between primary care and subspecialty electronic health records, standardizing handoffs between providers, clear standards of accountability for patient follow-up, and use of evidence-based communication methods like teach-back with patients and families. The report concludes that prioritizing the safety of the referral process is important to reduce diagnostic errors.
Weiner J, Bao Y, Meisel Z. LDI/CHERISH Issue Brief. June 2017.
Health care has been exploring a variety of strategies to mitigate the opioid epidemic. Exploring the current state of prescription drug monitoring programs as one approach to reduce the misuse of prescribed opioids, this issue brief discusses the role of provider and patient behaviors, the potential for mandates to increase monitoring, and integration of monitoring systems into electronic health record technologies as avenues to support improvement.
Lowry SZ, Ramaiah M, Prettyman SS, et al. Gaithersburg, MD: National Institute of Standards and Technology, United States Department of Commerce; January 19, 2017. NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR)-8166.
Copying and pasting information in electronic health records can introduce risks. This report discusses a human factors study of the phenomenon to determine how the practice affects information distribution. The authors conclude that the problem does exist, describe its impact on situational awareness, and provide recommendations to improve safety associated with the copy-and-paste function.
Philadelphia, PA: Pew Charitable Trusts and Institute for Behavioral Health, Heller School for Social Policy and Management at Brandeis University; 2016.
Drug monitoring systems can help track opioid prescription activity to mitigate the opioid crisis. Highlighting the value of these state-sponsored programs to reduce overprescribing, this report recommends eight practices to optimize the use of prescription drug monitoring programs and review state adoption of them. The strategies include simplifying the prescriber enrollment process and integrating health information technology.