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Search results for "Communication Improvement"
- Communication Improvement
Hendricks R, O'Neil M, Volmert A. Boston, MA: Betsy Lehman Center for Patient Safety; March 2019.
This report suggests that the field of patient safety needs to be reframed for the public. The report recommends that patient safety professionals, experts, and advocates define patient safety, explain the prevalence of medical errors, and describe solutions. The authors emphasize that sharing the systems approach to improvement can help patients understand how patient safety issues can be prevented. They encourage continued use of the aviation metaphor to illustrate why medical errors occur and how to address them. The authors urge patient involvement with a focus on concrete activities, but they recommend avoiding the term "patient empowerment." An Annual Perspective discussed how patient engagement, when done correctly, can help health care systems identify safety hazards, regain trust after they occur, and codesign sustainable solutions.
Howard J. Cham, Switzerland: Springer Nature Switzerland; 2019. ISBN: 9783319932231.
Cognitive biases contribute to diagnostic missteps, delays, and errors. This publication uses case-based illustrations to explore the effect of common cognitive biases (e.g., confirmation, anchoring, and overconfidence) on care. The author suggests feedback, healthy skepticism, and open discussion as tactics to reduce errors stemming from bias in decision-making.
Hannawa AF, Wu AW, Juhasz RS, eds. Berlin, Germany: DeGruyter; 2017. ISBN: 9783110455014.
Poor communication can contribute to medical error, but incident analysis often fails to identify particular elements of communication associated with the error. This publication discusses factors that influence communication in the medical care process and uses case studies to illustrate how effective communication can help prevent and address close calls and adverse events.
Cortese D, Abbott P, Chassin M, Lyon GM III, Riley WJ. Dallas, TX: Texas Health Resources Leadership; 2015.
Delayed diagnosis of infectious disease can negatively affect patients, care teams, and public health. Challenges surrounding diagnosis of the first Ebola case in the United States highlighted deficits in disaster preparedness. Reviewing insights from a panel analysis of this well-known and highly publicized case of Ebola, this report underscores the need to improve information transfer and emergency department safety culture to enhance diagnostic and infection prevention processes. A previous WebM&M commentary discussed the utility of simulation training to ensure provider competency when caring for patients potentially infected with Ebola.
Uhlig P, Raboin WE. Overland Park, KS: Oak Prairie Health Press; 2015. ISBN: 9780991411290.
Oakbrook Terrace, IL: Joint Commission Resources; 2010. ISBN: 9781599404073.
This report makes recommendations and provides strategies to ensure safe practice in surgical care.
Okemos, MI: Michigan Health & Hospital Association; October 2018.
This publication annually reports on the successful outcomes of the Michigan Keystone Center collaborative activities. This year's achievements include avoidance of 6392 instances of harm and safety-related savings in the state of nearly $81 million. Areas of focus for improvement work included high reliability, sepsis reduction, and opioid stewardship. The report also summarizes results of the 15-year experience of the collaborative.
Schuster PM, Nykolyn L. Philadelphia, PA: F.A. Davis Company; 2010. ISBN: 9780803620803.
This publication promotes fundamental communication skills to enable nurses to prevent errors and support patient safety.
Reynard J, Reynolds J, Stevenson P. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press; 2009. ISBN: 9780199239931.
This book provides an introduction to key patient safety topics and includes a set of 20 case studies to demonstrate opportunities for error prevention.
Washington, DC: National Quality Forum; January 2006.
In this report, the National Quality Forum presents four consensus standards that support the application of the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations' Patient Safety Event Taxonomy—a standardized framework for classifying patient safety data.
Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 2019.
Reducing adverse medication events is a worldwide challenge. This collection of technical reports explores key areas of concern that require action at a system level to improve: high-alert medications, polypharmacy, and medication use at care transitions. Each monograph provides an overview of the topic as well as practical improvement approaches for patients, clinicians, and organizations.
Cultural Issues Related to Allegations of Bullying and Harassment in NHS Highland: Independent Review Report.
Sturrock J. Edinburgh, Scotland: The Scottish Government; May 2019. ISBN: 9781787817760.
Disrespectful and unprofessional behaviors are a common problem in health care. The report examines cultural issues at a National Health Service trust that affected the transparency needed to report disruptive behaviors and that limited conversation needed to facilitate local actions and improvement. Recommendations for the leadership, organizational, and system levels are provided to enable constructive change.
Famolaro T, Yount ND, Hare R, et al. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; April 2019. AHRQ Publication No. 19-0033.
The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality conducts safety culture surveys in a wide variety of clinical settings and makes the results publicly available on a regular basis. This report contains responses to the Community Pharmacy Survey on Patient Safety Culture from 331 participating pharmacies, most of which were chain drugstores or pharmacies within integrated health systems. The areas of strength were similar to the 2015 report, with most community pharmacies scoring well for patient counseling and openness of communication regarding unsafe situations. Inadequate staffing and production pressures were the commonly identified barriers to safety. A PSNet perspective explored safety issues in the community pharmacy setting in detail.
Canadian Patient Safety Institute and Health Standards Organization.
This draft 5-year framework aims to guide the activities in Canada to focus action, resources, and policy development on supporting care improvement. The document is structured around five goals: people-centered care, safe care, accessible care, appropriate care, and continuous care. The authors call for Canadian patients, families, clinicians, organization leaders, and policymakers to provide input on the material to ensure its applicability across the country. The deadline for submitting comments is June 30, 2019.
London, UK: Royal College of Surgeons of England; 2019.
Physical demands and technical complexities can affect surgical safety. This resource is designed to capture frontline perceptions of surgeons in the United Kingdom regarding concerning behaviors exhibited by their peers during practice to facilitate awareness of problems, motivate improvement, and enable learning.
Hochman M, Bourgoin A, Saluja S, et al. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; March 2019. AHRQ Publication No. 18(19)-0055-EF.
Programs are in place to address hospital discharge process gaps that contribute to readmissions. This report summarizes research on primary care perspectives on reducing readmissions. Interventions identified include automated alerting to primary care providers when patients are hospitalized and the patient-centered medical home model.
Boston, MA: Institute for Healthcare Improvement; 2019.
This toolkit provides access to nine key tools to help organizations improve teamwork, incident analysis, and communication as well as templates to support their use and instructions to begin associated processes. Featured tools include the Situation-Background-Assessment-Recommendation approach, huddle agendas, and failure modes and effects analysis.
Pronovost P, Johns MME, Palmer S, et al, eds. Washington, DC: National Academy of Medicine; 2018. ISBN: 9781947103122.
Although health information technology was implemented to improve safety, it has resulted in unintended consequences such as clinician burnout and perpetuation of incorrect information. This publication explores the barriers to achieving the interoperability needed to build a robust digital infrastructure that will seamlessly and reliably share information across the complex system of health care. The report advocates for adjusting purchasing behaviors to focus less on the price and features of each product and to instead look for interoperable technologies. The report outlines five action priorities to guide leadership decision-making around procurement, including championing systemwide interoperability and identifying goals and requirements. A PSNet interview discussed potential consequences of the digitization of health care.
National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Washington, DC: National Academies Press; 2018. ISBN: 9780309474290.
Health literacy affects patients' ability to comprehend information about their health and participate effectively with clinicians to ensure their care is safe, appropriate, and effective. This workshop report summarizes discussions about health literacy programs and provides case studies of health organizations that have adopted such programs. A PSNet perspective discusses the intersection of patient safety and health literacy.
Davis K, Collier S, Situ J, Coe M, Cleary-Fishman M. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; December 2017. AHRQ Publication No. 1800051EF.