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Search results for "Infectious Diseases"
Journal Article > Study
Magill SS, O'Leary E, Janelle SJ, et al; Emerging Infections Program Hospital Prevalence Survey Team. N Engl J Med. 2018;379:1732-1744.
Health care–associated infections (HAIs) are a key cause of preventable harm in hospitals. Successful programs to avert HAIs include the comprehensive unit-based safety program to reduce catheter-related bloodstream infections and the AHRQ Safety Program for Surgery to prevent surgical site infections. This survey of 12,299 patients at 199 hospitals on a single day enabled researchers to estimate the prevalence of HAIs in the United States. In 2015, 3.2% of hospitalized patients experienced an HAI, a 16% decrease compared to a similarly derived estimate in 2011. The most common HAIs were pneumonia and Clostridium difficile infections, while the biggest reductions were in urinary tract and surgical site infections. This data emphasizes the importance of identifying strategies to combat pneumonia in nonventilated patients, which remains common and less well-studied than other HAIs. A past PSNet perspective discussed the history around efforts to address preventable HAIs, including federal initiatives.
New dosing recommendations to prevent potential Valcyte (valganciclovir) overdose in pediatric transplant patients.
MedWatch Safety Alert. Silver Spring, MD: US Food and Drug Administration; September 15, 2010.
This announcement describes revised dosing recommendations designed to prevent overdosing immunocompromised pediatric patients.
MedWatch Safety Alert. Silver Spring, MD: US Food and Drug Administration; October 9, 2009.
This alert notifies health care providers of the potential for patient harm if a particular inhalation powder is reconstituted and incorrectly administered.
Audiovisual > Audiovisual Presentation
Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Patient Safety News. Show #79. September 2008.
This collection of video segments offers information on common types of medical errors, particularly medication errors, based on reports to the Institute for Safe Medication Practices.
MedWatch Safety Alert. Silver Spring, MD: US Food and Drug Administration; August 13, 2007.
This announcement describes a fatal overdose of a protease inhibitor in an infant and discusses how to prevent such occurrences.