Narrow Results Clear All
- Communication Improvement 7
- Culture of Safety 2
- Education and Training 11
- Error Reporting and Analysis 10
- Human Factors Engineering 2
- Legal and Policy Approaches 4
- Logistical Approaches 1
- Quality Improvement Strategies 12
- Specialization of Care 1
- Teamwork 4
- Technologic Approaches 4
- Transparency and Accountability 3
- Device-related Complications 1
- Diagnostic Errors 4
- Discontinuities, Gaps, and Hand-Off Problems 4
- Fatigue and Sleep Deprivation 1
- Identification Errors 1
- Medical Complications 3
- Medication Errors/Preventable Adverse Drug Events 5
- Nonsurgical Procedural Complications 1
- Overtreatment 1
- Psychological and Social Complications 4
- Surgical Complications 8
- Family Members and Caregivers 1
- Health Care Executives and Administrators 25
Health Care Providers
- Nurses 7
- Non-Health Care Professionals 7
- Patients 4
Search results for "Hospitals"
London, UK: Royal College of Surgeons of England; 2019.
Physical demands and technical complexities can affect surgical safety. This resource is designed to capture frontline perceptions of surgeons in the United Kingdom regarding concerning behaviors exhibited by their peers during practice to facilitate awareness of problems, motivate improvement, and enable learning.
Bruno MA. New York, NY: Oxford University Press; 2019. ISBN: 9780190665395.
Despite enhancements in medical imaging technology, diagnostic radiologists are still susceptible to uncertainty, bias, and overconfidence that hinder accurate image assessment. Discussing the scope and impact of human error in diagnostic radiology, this book explores the future of advanced information technologies in diagnostic radiology and provides recommendations to reduce the effect of human fallibility on imaging interpretation.
Washington, DC: United States Government Accountability Office; January 2019. Publication GAO-19-197.
Record matching problems can have serious clinical impacts on patients. This report explores how to optimize demographic data integrity to improve patient record matching, as identifying information is increasingly integrated into shared record keeping systems. The investigation determined strategies to improve matching such as implementing standard data formats and disseminating best practices.
Oakbrook Terrance, IL: Joint Commission; 2018. ISBN: 9781635850598.
Checklists are a widely accepted strategy to improve communication and standardize processes to support reliability. This publication includes information on what makes a checklist useful and provides numerous checklist templates that focus on tasks in areas such as medication management, performance improvement, and infection control that can be implemented in various settings.
Smith CD, Corbridge S, Dopp AL, et al. NAM Perspectives. Washington DC: National Academy of Medicine; 2018.
Teamwork can contribute to a healthy and respectful work environment. This discussion paper reviews evidence-based characteristics of high-functioning teams and barriers to their optimization in health care. Strategies to enhance teamwork and consequently clinician well-being include improvements in workflow, health information technologies, and financial models to train and sustain teams.
Opioid-Related Inpatient Stays and Emergency Department Visits Among Patients Aged 65 Years and Older, 2010 and 2015.
Weiss AJ, Heslin KC, Barrett ML, Izar R, Bierman IR. HCUP Statistical Brief #244. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; September 2018.
Polypharmacy, chronic conditions, and mental health needs can contribute to misuse of opioids. This data analysis from the AHRQ Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project found that opioid-related hospitalizations and emergency room visits for older Americans increased substantially between 2010 and 2015.
Committee on Improving the Quality of Health Care Globally. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Washington DC: National Academies Press; August 2018. ISBN: 9780309483087.
The seminal 2001 report, Crossing the Quality Chasm, assessed deficiencies in the quality of health care in the United States across six key dimensions of care: safety, effectiveness, patient-centeredness, timeliness, efficiency, and equity. Crossing the Global Quality Chasm examines the human toll of poor-quality care worldwide, with a particular focus on low- and middle-income countries. The report documents health systems rife with quality and safety problems, estimating that 134 million adverse events (resulting in 2.5 million deaths) occur in hospitals in low- and middle-income countries yearly. High levels of both underuse and overuse of care are also documented in different settings. The authors give broad recommendations for strengthening health systems worldwide using the systems approach and principles of quality improvement. In addition, the report suggests modifying the original six dimensions of quality to include accessibility, affordability, and integrity.
Partnership for Health IT Patient Safety. Plymouth Meeting, PA: ECRI; August 2018.
Inadequate follow-up of test results can contribute to missed and delayed diagnoses. Developing optimal test result management systems is essential for closing the loop so that results can be acted upon in a timely manner. The Partnership for Health IT Patient Safety convened a working group to identify how technology can be used to facilitate improved communication and timely action regarding test results. This report summarizes the methods used by the working group and their findings. Recommendations include improving communication by standardizing the format of test results, including required timing for diagnostic testing responses, automating the notification process in electronic health records, and optimizing alerts to reduce alert fatigue. A past WebM&M commentary discussed a case involving ambulatory test result management.
National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Washington, DC: National Academies Press; 2018. ISBN: 9780309474290.
Health literacy affects patients' ability to comprehend information about their health and participate effectively with clinicians to ensure their care is safe, appropriate, and effective. This workshop report summarizes discussions about health literacy programs and provides case studies of health organizations that have adopted such programs. A PSNet perspective discusses the intersection of patient safety and health literacy.
Williams N. Department of Health and Social Care. London, England: Crown Copyright; 2018.
Accountability for errors and organizational assessment of failures affect incident reporting. This policy review explores how potential legal ramifications stemming from investigations of negligence can hinder improvement efforts and outlines recommendations to support safety culture in health care.
Progress Made Towards Improving Opioid Safety, But Further Efforts to Assess Progress and Reduce Risk Are Needed.
Washington, DC: United States Government Accountability Office; May 2018. Publication GAO-18-380.
Ineffectively prescribed opioids contribute to opioid misuse and overdose among patients. This report analyzed activities at five Veterans Health Administration facilities and found inconsistent application of opioid safety strategies in the system. System-level recommendations to enhance practice include cross-system tracking efforts with defined goals and establishing a pain management leadership role at each facility.
Schnell M, Currie J. Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research; August 2017. Working Paper No. 23645.
Overprescribing is seen as a contributor to the current opioid epidemic. This working paper explores the potential role that physician education and medical school quality have on prescribing behaviors. Analyzing data from 2006–2014, the authors found that lower ranked institutions wrote more opioid prescriptions and conclude that physician education may be a logical focus of improvement efforts. A recent PSNet perspective explored opioid overdose as a patient safety problem.
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; July 2017. AHRQ Publication No. 17-M018-1-EF.
Clinician burnout can affect patient safety. This report highlights AHRQ-supported research to examine burnout in health care as well as efforts to develop and test interventions for managing and reducing burnout in the care environment. Key findings include the high prevalence of burnout among United States clinicians and the identification of factors that contribute to burnout, such as short visits, complicated patients, and electronic health record stress. The report also outlines interventions that require additional testing to effectively reduce clinician burnout. An Annual Perspective discussed the relationship between burnout and patient safety and reviewed strategies to address burnout among clinicians.
Ottawa, Ontario: Canadian Medical Protective Association; 2016.
Designing and Delivering Whole-Person Transitional Care: Hospital Guide to Reducing Medicaid Readmissions.
Boutwell A, Bourgoin A , Maxwell J, DeAngelis K, Genetti S, Savuto M, Snow J. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; September 2016. AHRQ Publication No.16-0047-EF.
This toolkit provides information for hospitals to help reduce preventable readmissions among Medicaid patients. Building on hospital experience with utilizing the materials since 2014, this updated guide explains how to determine root causes for readmissions, evaluate existing interventions, develop a set of improvement strategies, and optimize care transition processes.
London, UK: Royal College of Surgeons of England; 2016.
National Quality Partners. Washington, DC: National Quality Forum; 2016.
Antimicrobial stewardship has been promoted as a strategy to improve patient safety by reducing overuse of antibiotics to prevent hospital-acquired infections. This report draws from the experience of existing programs to summarize practical strategies for implementing initiatives. Core elements include engaging leadership, monitoring effectiveness, and reporting benchmarks.
Communicating Radiation Risks in Paediatric Imaging: Information to Support Healthcare Discussions About Benefit and Risk.
Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 2016. ISBN: 9789241510349.
Overuse of diagnostic imaging poses patient safety hazards, particularly for children. This report reviews techniques clinicians can use to discuss risks associated with using radiologic procedures with parents of pediatric patients. The publication includes answers to common questions about various types of tests and tips for enhancing conversations with parents.
Hoffman J, ed. Cambridge, MA: CRICO Strategies; 2014.
This analysis of more than 4700 diagnosis-related malpractice claims found that most errors occur in the ambulatory setting, involve lapses in clinical judgement, and result in missed diagnosis of cancer. The authors use the data to explore cognitive and process failures that contributed to diagnostic errors.
Widmer MK, Malik J, eds. Contrib Nephrol. 2015;184:1-270. ISBN: 9783318027051.
Patients with chronic kidney failure are at high risk for adverse events from treatment errors. This publication raises awareness of safety in end-stage renal disease care, explores factors specific to this setting that contribute to failure, and describes techniques for clinicians to reduce risk of errors.