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- Commentary 17
- Review 6
- Study 46
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- Book/Report 48
- Legislation/Regulation 2
- Newspaper/Magazine Article 9
- Newsletter/Journal 1
- Special or Theme Issue 2
- Toolkit 5
- Web Resource 100
- Award 1
- Grant 3
- Meeting/Conference 6
- Press Release/Announcement 17
- Communication Improvement 14
- Culture of Safety 19
Education and Training
- Students 1
Error Reporting and Analysis
- Never Events 12
- Error Reporting 87
- Human Factors Engineering 10
- Legal and Policy Approaches 36
- Logistical Approaches 3
- Quality Improvement Strategies 49
- Research Directions 2
- Teamwork 8
- Clinical Information Systems 10
- Device-related Complications 10
- Diagnostic Errors 4
- Discontinuities, Gaps, and Hand-Off Problems 7
- Fatigue and Sleep Deprivation 3
- Identification Errors 2
- Medical Complications 29
- Medication Errors/Preventable Adverse Drug Events 34
- MRI safety 1
- Nonsurgical Procedural Complications 2
- Overtreatment 1
- Psychological and Social Complications 3
- Second victims 1
- Surgical Complications 13
- Transfusion Complications 2
- Internal Medicine 45
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- Pharmacy 14
- Health Care Executives and Administrators 150
Health Care Providers
- Nurses 11
- Physicians 16
Non-Health Care Professionals
- Media 1
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United States of America
United States Federal Government
- Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)
- United States Federal Government
- United States of America
Search results for "Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)"
- Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)
- Error Reporting and Analysis
Tools/Toolkit > Fact Sheet/FAQs
Gray D, Azam I. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; October 2018. AHRQ Publication No. 18(19)-0033-4-EF.
The National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports review analysis specific to tracking patient safety challenges and improvements in areas of focus such as hospital-acquired infections. The most recent update documented more than two-thirds improvement in patient safety measures tracked. This set of tools includes summaries drawn from the reports for use in presentations to enhance distribution and application of the data.
Battles J, Azam I, Grady M, Reback K, eds. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; 2017. AHRQ Publication No. 17-0017-EF.
This publication describes the results of demonstration projects funded by AHRQ's Patient Safety and Medical Liability Reform Initiative. Included studies examined communication and resolution programs, patient reporting of adverse events, and patient perceptions of error disclosure. An overarching theme of these studies is the gap between recommended communication practices and usual clinical care and communication. Several studies demonstrated challenges of implementing health system interventions to improve safety across a range of interventions, including error disclosure training, shared decision-making, and medication safety during transitions in care. These studies reveal the importance of measuring and improving safety culture as a foundation for patient safety efforts. Commentaries by various patient safety experts highlight the need for ongoing support for research at the intersection of patient safety and medical liability. A past PSNet perspective described how evidence-based improvements to the medical liability system could influence accountability and compensation for errors.
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; July 2017. AHRQ Publication No. 17-M018-1-EF.
Clinician burnout can affect patient safety. This report highlights AHRQ-supported research to examine burnout in health care as well as efforts to develop and test interventions for managing and reducing burnout in the care environment. Key findings include the high prevalence of burnout among United States clinicians and the identification of factors that contribute to burnout, such as short visits, complicated patients, and electronic health record stress. The report also outlines interventions that require additional testing to effectively reduce clinician burnout. An Annual Perspective discussed the relationship between burnout and patient safety and reviewed strategies to address burnout among clinicians.
Web Resource > Government Resource
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Jewett C. Kaiser Health News. May 9, 2017.
The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services decision to withhold payment for certain hospital-acquired conditions has prompted widespread efforts to prevent such events. This news article reports on an evaluation by the Office of Inspector General that found regulator review of hospital-acquired infection reports submitted to Medicare to be insufficient, which hinders hospitals' ability to learn from factors that contribute to infections.
Audiovisual > Audiovisual Presentation
Health Services Research and the Health Research and Educational Trust. March 2, 2017.
Communication-and-resolution programs emphasize transparency and respect in discussions with patients and families following an adverse event. This webinar highlighted AHRQ-funded research and programs that explored the impact of communication-and-resolution programs and other strategies that focus on improving patient safety and reducing liability. Researchers from a recent special issue devoted to this work were featured speakers.
Journal Article > Government Resource
Rudd RA, Seth P, David F, Scholl L. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2016;65:1445-1452.
Opioid medications are frequently associated with adverse drug events in inpatient and outpatient settings. This surveillance report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention demonstrated that the magnitude of patient harm from opioid use is growing rapidly. Opioid overdose deaths are increasing each year, through 2015, and current rates are the highest ever recorded. The types of opioids most commonly involved in overdose deaths are natural and semisynthetic opioids, which are often prescribed as pain relievers. The authors suggest that the adoption of new prescribing guidelines and more widespread use of the opioid reversal agent naloxone will help address this growing epidemic. An earlier version of this article included data through 2014. A previous WebM&M commentary described a fatal opioid overdose.
Weiss AJ, Elixhauser A, Barrett ML, Steiner CA, Bailey MK, O'Malley L. HCUP Statistical Brief #219. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; December 2016.
Opioids are known to be high-risk medications, and their misuse is an increasingly recognized patient safety problem. This data analysis from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project delineates trends in opioid-related hospitalizations by state between 2005 and 2014. Both hospital stays and emergency department visits related to opioids have been increasing every year, paralleling trends in opioid overdose deaths. There was substantial variation across states, and the overall rate of opioid-related inpatient stays was 225 per 100,000 population for 2014. These data underscore the need to improve the safety of opioid use to prevent morbidity and mortality.
National Scorecard on Rates of Hospital-Acquired Conditions 2010 to 2015: Interim Data From National Efforts to Make Health Care Safer.
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; December 2016.
Medicare nonpayment and reporting requirements have stimulated health care organizations to focus on reducing hospital-acquired conditions (HACs) such as health care–associated infections and never events. The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality regularly tracks HAC rates, including rates of adverse drug events, catheter-associated urinary tract infections, central line–associated bloodstream infections, falls, obstetric adverse events, pressure ulcers, surgical site infections, ventilator-associated pneumonias, and postoperative venous thromboembolisms. According to data from the AHRQ National Scorecard, HACs have decreased by 21% between 2010 and 2015. This represents a total of 3.1 million fewer HACs contracted by hospitalized patients over 5 years, saving an estimated 125,000 lives and $28 billion. These findings represent substantial progress and support the success of incentives designed to eliminate HACs as a source of patient harm.
Herman B, Fei F. Mod Healthc. December 2, 2016.
Underserved communities face challenges to receiving high quality care. This magazine article reports on pervasive problems in the Indian Health Service (IHS) that result in an unsafe care system, such as chronic lack of funding and high workforce turnover. The article includes insights from tribe advocates seeking improvement in the IHS.
Request for comments on the proposed measures and 2020 targets for the National Action Plan for Adverse Drug Event Prevention: inpatient and outpatient measures for reduction of adverse drug events from anticoagulants, diabetes agents, and opioid analgesics.
Federal Register. Washington, DC: Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, US Department of Health and Human Services. October 20, 2016;81:72594-72595.
National attention has focused on efforts to address adverse drug events. This call for comments seeks insights regarding revisions to a 2014 action plan that highlighted how to reduce adverse drug events associated with anticoagulants, diabetes agents, and opioids. These proposed updates involve measures to apply in both the inpatient and outpatient environments to track adverse drug events. The opportunity to submit written comments is now closed.
Shekelle, PG, Sarkar U, Shojania K, et al. Technical Brief No. 27. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; October 2016. AHRQ Publication No. 16-EHC033-EF.
Most patient safety research and initiatives have focused on the hospital environment, despite the fact that much of health care is delivered in outpatient settings. This technical brief explores gaps in the evidence base that hinder understanding of safety concerns and factors unique to ambulatory care. The evidence review supports use of pharmacist interventions to augment medication safety in outpatient settings. The authors also found that electronic health records have mixed effects on ambulatory safety. Key informants interviewed for the brief noted that studies on patient engagement and diagnostic error are lacking.
Evidence-based Practice Center. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; October 19, 2016.
The primary focus on patient safety research has been in the hospital environment, but the majority of care is delivered in the ambulatory setting. This technical brief discusses the existing evidence on hospital-based safety interventions that have the potential to be implemented in ambulatory care. Strategies with moderate evidence include e-prescribing, pharmacist involvement, and hospital-to-ambulatory care transitions.
Journal Article > Study
Mandatory provider review and pain clinic laws reduce the amounts of opioids prescribed and overdose death rates.
Dowell D, Zhang K, Noonan RK, Hockenberry JM. Health Aff (Millwood). 2016;35:1876-1883.
Opioid-related harm, including overdose deaths, has reached epidemic proportions. This study used a difference-in-differences analysis to examine whether a policy approach could reduce harm from opioid misuse. Investigators compared states with and without mandated provider review of drug monitoring data. In states with mandated review, opioid prescribers must check whether patients are receiving opioids from multiple prescribers and identify the total prescribed opioid dose. States with mandated review policies had fewer opioid overdose deaths and lower amounts of opioids prescribed than states without mandated prescriber review. These results are consistent with a prior study that established the benefit of prescription drug monitoring programs. The authors assert that despite the effectiveness of this policy, more interventions are needed to enhance opioid safety, as suggested in a recent study. A previous WebM&M commentary described opioid-related harm.
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.
Levinson DR. Washington, DC: US Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Inspector General; July 2016. Report No. OEI-06-14-00110.
The Office of the Inspector General (OIG) has issued a series of reports analyzing the incidence and preventability of adverse events among Medicare beneficiaries receiving care in acute care hospitals and skilled nursing facilities. This report used similar methodology based on trigger tools to determine adverse event incidence among patients in rehabilitation hospitals—post-acute care facilities that provide intensive rehabilitation to patients recovering from hospitalization for an acute illness or injury. The study found that 29% of patients experienced an adverse event during their stay, a proportion nearly identical to rates at acute care hospitals and skilled nursing facilities. Nearly half of the events were considered preventable, with the most common types of events including pressure ulcers, delirium, and medication errors. Nearly one-fourth of patients who had an adverse event required transfer to an acute care hospital for diagnosis or management, leading to a large increase in costs of care. Based on these data, the OIG has recommended that the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality and Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services disseminate information about patient harms in the rehabilitation setting and work to improve safety at rehabilitation hospitals. A previous WebM&M commentary discussed an adverse event at a rehabilitation facility.
Journal Article > Study
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Patient Safety Indicator for Postoperative Respiratory Failure (PSI 11) does not identify accurately patients who received unsafe care.
Nguyen MC, Moffatt-Bruce SD, Strosberg DS, Puttmann KT, Pan YL, Eiferman DS. Surgery. 2016;160:858-868.
The AHRQ Patient Safety Indicators (PSIs) rely on hospital administrative data to screen for patient safety problems. This study used independent physician chart review to assess the reliability of PSI 11 (postoperative respiratory failure) in identifying clinically significant patient safety events and found a positive predictive value of 38.3%. The authors argue that PSI 11 should not be used as a measure for hospital performance.
Audiovisual > Audiovisual Presentation
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; July 2016.
This toolkit provides resources to help hospitals to augment safety. The updated toolkit represents adjustments made to the AHRQ Quality Indicators to support the transition from ICD-9 to ICD-10, experience from testing in hospitals, and materials targeted to inform leadership of the program. The toolkit is structured around enhancing multidisciplinary teamwork by completing a series of steps such as assessing the organizational readiness for a change initiative, implementing improvements, and determining the return on investment of the programs.
Rosen AK, Chen Q. National Quality Measures Clearinghouse: Expert Commentaries; June 13, 2016.
The current measures designed to enable transparency and accountability are falling short of helping to reach those goals. This article discusses weaknesses in the existing metrics used to track patient safety improvement. Factors contributing to the problem include the myriad of measure sets, reliance on retrospective data collection and analysis, and gaps due to inconsistent methods of engaging patients and families in reporting safety-related events.
Legislation/Regulation > Government Resource
Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Act of 2005—HHS guidance regarding patient safety work product and providers' external obligations.
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Fed Regist. 2016;81;32655-32660.
Patient Safety Organizations (PSOs) were formed with provisions to protect voluntarily submitted incident data to enhance transparency and learning from medical error. Despite those expectations, PSOs still have obligations to report certain situations to external organizations. This guidance aims to clarify what and when external reporting should take place for PSOs to remain in compliance with federal requirements while appropriately protecting incident data.