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Search results for "North America"
- North America
- Nosocomial Infections
Dallas, TX: Facilities Guidelines Institute; 2018.
These updated guidelines include design changes, such as the adoption of private rooms to reduce medical error, interruptions, and hospital-acquired infections. The 2018 edition was developed as a 3-volume set covering hospitals, outpatient facilities, and residential health, care, and support facilities. Each provides information on design elements that enhance safety. The material also includes risk assessments to identify space concerns that could lead to unsafe conditions.
Tools/Toolkit > Fact Sheet/FAQs
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; Revised December 2009. AHRQ Publication No. 10-M008.
This tip sheet provides 10 practical steps hospitals can undertake to improve patient safety, based on research funded by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. The tips can be grouped into three areas: 1) reducing health care-acquired infections and retained surgical instruments through use of specific clinical practices; 2) improving drug safety by ensuring access to accurate drug information; and 3) improving the culture of safety through appropriate staffing and work hours for nurses and residents. These tips are based on high-quality research studies documenting the effectiveness of these interventions at reducing errors and improving safety for a broad range of patients.
ISMP Medication Safety Alert! Acute Care Edition. July 26, 2007;12:1-2.
This article focuses on specific medication-use practices that may spread infection, and offers recommendations to ensure safety.
Legislation/Regulation > Pennsylvania Legislation
General Assembly of Pennsylvania. SB968 (2007).
This bill requires that Pennsylvania hospitals and nursing homes implement an internal infection control plan and report hospital-acquired infections.
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. June 20, 2007.
This podcast discusses the importance of handwashing to reduce infections in hospitals as well as how consumers can help improve clinician compliance.
Victoria Times Colonist. March 26, 2007.
This article reports on findings from an investigation into hospital-acquired infections in British Columbia.
World Health Organization.
This publication shares news related to the World Health Organization's Global Patient Safety Challenge.
Special or Theme Issue
Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2007;8(suppl):S1-S43.
This supplement covers issues related to safety indicators, fatigue, electronic medical records, infection, and disclosure of medical errors in the care of critically ill children.
Journal Article > Review
Hwang RW, Herndon JH. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2007;457:21-34.
The authors discuss the financial incentives of improving patient outcomes as the business case for patient safety.
Journal Article > Study
Pronovost P, Needham D, Berenholtz S, et al. N Engl J Med. 2006;355:2725-2732.
Catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSI) remain a common and deadly patient safety issue in intensive care units (ICUs), although prior research has defined several effective preventive strategies. In the ''Keystone ICU'' project, funded by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), 103 ICUs in Michigan participated in a statewide safety initiative, including instituting five evidence-based preventive strategies recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The project focused on changing provider behavior through addressing safety culture, incorporating a centralized education program for team leaders at each institution, and closely collaborating with infection control personnel. The intervention was remarkably successful, nearly eliminating CRBSI entirely in most ICUs over an 18-month follow-up period. A related editorial lauds the success of the intervention and calls for all U.S. hospitals to adopt similar programs.
Wisc Med J. 2006:105;1-86.
This special issue includes articles on programs and initiatives to improve the safety of health care. It also includes proceedings from a 2006 Wisconsin conference on patient safety.
Special or Theme Issue
Matlow A, Laxer RM, eds. Pediatr Clin North Am. 2006;53:1053-1267.
This special issue examines patient safety through the perspectives of parents, hospital leadership, human factors experts, and clinicians.
Journal Article > Study
Casey MM, Wakefield M, Coburn AF, Moscovice IS, Loux S. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 2006;32:693-702.
This study surveyed chief executive officers (CEOs) of 29 small and rural hospitals (with a median of 28 staffed hospital beds) to determine their priorities for improving patient safety, and compared them with the recommendations of an expert panel. While both CEOs and the expert panel agreed that preventing adverse drug events (ADEs), preventing nosocomial infections, and improving the safety culture were important, they disagreed on the methods of achieving these goals. For example, rural hospitals placed less emphasis on the need for sophisticated information technology to prevent ADEs. These differences were at least in part due to rural hospitals' concerns about their ability to implement recommended interventions.
Harrisburg, PA: Pennsylvania Health Care Cost Containment Council; November 2006.
This report includes findings on the number and rate of infections in Pennsylvania hospitals in 2005.
Inspiring Ideas and Celebrating Successes: A Guidebook to Leading Patient Safety Practices in Ontario Hospitals.
OHA Patient Safety Support Service. Toronto, Ontario, Canada: Ontario Hospital Association; 2006.
This report shares successful patient safety strategies employed in Ontario hospitals to address medication safety, patient incident management, infection issues, and administrative process improvements.
Berwick DM, Leape LL. Newsweek. October 16, 2006:70-71.
As part of the "Health for Life" series, Drs. Berwick and Leape discuss the notion of completely eliminating medical errors and share stories about several hospitals' efforts to raise safety standards.
Fitzpatrick J, Stone P, Hinton-Walker P, eds. Annual Review of Nursing Research. New York, NY: Springer; 2006. ISBN: 0826141366.
This volume includes research and reviews related to patient safety standards and practices in nursing.
Special or Theme Issue
Baker GE, ed. Healthc Q. 2006;9:1-140.
This special issue describes projects and research in Canadian health care that are supporting improvements in patient safety.
Dubner SJ, Levitt SD. New York Times Magazine. September 24, 2006:22.
This article discusses physician noncompliance with hand hygiene recommendations and describes several low-tech interventions, including a screensaver showing germs captured in a Petri dish off a physician's "clean" hands.
Kapadia R. Smart Money. October 2006;15:112-114.
This article provides tips for consumers to help keep their hospital care as safe and hassle-free as possible.