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Search results for "Surgery"
Web Resource > Multi-use Website
AORN, Inc., 2170 South Parker Rd, Suite 300, Denver, CO 80231-5711.
This site hosts a guideline collection as a part of the Association of PeriOperative Registered Nurses' (AORN) patient safety initiative targeting the needs of perioperative registered nurses. It develops new guidelines related to patient safety issues (such as medication safety and prevention of retained surgical items) and helps health care professionals ensure that best practices are followed.
Feinmann J. The Independent. November 14, 2006.
This article reports on a husband's investigation into his wife's death following a routine surgery and his subsequent efforts to bring human factors training to National Health Service hospitals.
Journal Article > Commentary
The author explains the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations' Universal Protocol on surgical site verification in the context of its implementation in a New Jersey hospital.
Davis R. USA Today. April 17, 2006.
This article reports on a recent AHRQ-funded study on the incidence of wrong-site surgery and shares various perspectives on the issue.
Journal Article > Study
Error or "act of God"? A study of patients' and operating room team members' perceptions of error definition, reporting, and disclosure.
Espin S, Levinson W, Regehr G, Baker GR, Lingard L. Surgery. 2006;139:6-14.
This study discovered both similarities and differences in the way surgeons, nurses, anesthesiologists, and patients responded to four scripted clinical error scenarios. Findings suggested that all groups incorporated a negative outcome or a deviation from standard of practice into their error definition rather than analyzing the event independent of those factors. In addition, noted differences existed between patients who supported reporting for all negative events and nurses who believed in selective reporting. Similarly, persistent gaps existed between the full disclosure patients expect and the partial disclosure health professionals believe should occur. While the study represents a small sample size from two tertiary institutions, it does emphasize the importance of a safety culture and the need to redefine errors as opportunities for learning and improvement rather than individual or isolated events.
Klein A. The Washington Post. December 30, 2005:A3.
This article reports on incidents in which patients were exposed to a rare brain disease after contaminated surgical instruments were used during their brain surgeries.
Legislation/Regulation > Multi-use Website
The Joint Commission.
According to an AHRQ-supported study, wrong-site surgery occurred at a rate of approximately 1 per 113,000 operations between 1985 and 2004. In July 2004, The Joint Commission enacted a Universal Protocol that was developed through expert consensus on principles and steps for preventing wrong-site, wrong-procedure, and wrong-person surgery. The Universal Protocol applies to all accredited hospitals, ambulatory care, and office-based surgery facilities. The protocol requires performing a time out prior to beginning surgery, a practice that has been shown to improve teamwork and decrease the overall risk of wrong-site surgery. This Web site includes a number of resources and facts related to the Universal Protocol. Wrong-site, wrong-procedure, and wrong-patient errors are all now considered never events by the National Quality Forum and sentinel events by The Joint Commission. The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services have not reimbursed for any costs associated with these surgical errors since 2009.