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Search results for "Error Analysis"
Journal Article > Commentary
Graber ML, Berg D, Jerde W, Kibort P, Olson APJ, Parkash V. Diagnosis (Berl). 2018;5:257-266.
This commentary provides a clinical review of a missed diagnosis of Epstein-Barr virus infection that was identified via autopsy and summarizes contributing factors to the incident with an emphasis on the role of cognitive bias. The piece includes the perspectives of the patient's family and from the organization regarding what happened and what could have been done to prevent this outcome. This discussion is the first in a series of diagnostic error case presentations to be published in this journal.
Journal Article > Study
Association between night-time surgery and occurrence of intraoperative adverse events and postoperative pulmonary complications.
Cortegiani A, Gregoretti C, Neto AS, et al; LAS VEGAS Investigators, PROVE Network, Clinical Trial Network of the European Society of Anaesthesiology. Br J Anaesth. 2019;122:361-369.
This study found that patients undergoing surgery at night were more likely to develop intraoperative adverse events, even after adjustment for patient and procedural characteristics. The observed increase in postoperative pulmonary complications was explained by the type of surgery and underlying patient characteristics. This study adds to the body of evidence on risks associated with care outside of usual working hours.
Journal Article > Study
Magill SS, O'Leary E, Janelle SJ, et al; Emerging Infections Program Hospital Prevalence Survey Team. N Engl J Med. 2018;379:1732-1744.
Health care–associated infections (HAIs) are a key cause of preventable harm in hospitals. Successful programs to avert HAIs include the comprehensive unit-based safety program to reduce catheter-related bloodstream infections and the AHRQ Safety Program for Surgery to prevent surgical site infections. This survey of 12,299 patients at 199 hospitals on a single day enabled researchers to estimate the prevalence of HAIs in the United States. In 2015, 3.2% of hospitalized patients experienced an HAI, a 16% decrease compared to a similarly derived estimate in 2011. The most common HAIs were pneumonia and Clostridium difficile infections, while the biggest reductions were in urinary tract and surgical site infections. This data emphasizes the importance of identifying strategies to combat pneumonia in nonventilated patients, which remains common and less well-studied than other HAIs. A past PSNet perspective discussed the history around efforts to address preventable HAIs, including federal initiatives.