Narrow Results Clear All
- Communication Improvement 4
- Culture of Safety 4
- Education and Training 3
- Error Reporting and Analysis 16
- Legal and Policy Approaches
- Quality Improvement Strategies 12
- Specialization of Care 1
- Teamwork 2
- Technologic Approaches 5
- Device-related Complications 1
- Discontinuities, Gaps, and Hand-Off Problems 1
- Identification Errors 2
- Medical Complications 7
- Medication Safety 6
- Psychological and Social Complications 1
- Surgical Complications 4
- Transfusion Complications 1
- Australia and New Zealand 1
- Europe 2
- North America 21
Search results for "Incentives"
The Economics of Patient Safety: Strengthening a Value-based Approach to Reducing Patient Harm at National Level.
Slawomirski L, Auraaen A, Klazinga N. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development: Paris, France; 2017.
Failures in patient care are a global concern. Examining the literature on costs of unsafe care delivery, this report describes the financial impacts of medical error and reviews methods of addressing these issues in resource-limited environments to improve care value and efficiency while enhancing patient safety.
Lives Lost, Lives Saved: An Updated Comparative Analysis of Avoidable Deaths at Hospitals Graded by The Leapfrog Group.
Austin M, Derk J. Baltimore, MD: Armstrong Institute for Patient Safety and Quality, and Johns Hopkins Medicine; May 2019.
Measures help track gaps in process and evidence of safety improvements. This white paper examines the performance of hospitals receiving Hospital Safety Grades and the relationship between high-level recognition and preventable harm. The report estimates that a substantial number of lives could have been saved if performance metrics had been met, but concludes that even high-performing hospitals exhibit areas in need of improvement.
AHRQ National Scorecard on Hospital-Acquired Conditions Updated Baseline Rates and Preliminary Results 2014–2017.
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; January 2019.
Hospital-acquired conditions (HACs) represent a significant source of preventable harm to patients. The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services financially penalizes hospitals with increased numbers of HACs through the Hospital-Acquired Condition Reduction Program. This policy of nonpayment has prompted hospitals to focus significant resources on preventing HACs. This AHRQ report found a reduction in HACs from 99 per 1000 acute care discharges to 86 per 1000 discharges between 2014 and 2017, representing a decrease in 910,000 HACs and savings of $7.7 billion. Declines in certain HACs such as adverse drug events and Clostridium difficile infections were noted to be more significant as compared to others. A past WebM&M commentary highlighted the clinical significance of HACs and described an incident involving a patient who developed a pressure ulcer while in the hospital.
Hall M, McCue MJ. New York, NY: The Commonwealth Fund; March 22, 2013.
This report found that insurance companies spend on average $2.94 per member toward patient safety improvement, about 10% of the total quality improvement expense.
Oakbrook Terrace, IL: Joint Commission.
The Joint Commission's annual report summarizes hospital performance across a broad range of metrics that represent evidence-based standards for high-quality care. These accountability measures have been shown to be directly linked to patient outcomes. Since the report's first publication in 2007, data demonstrates that hospitals have measurably improved quality of care for heart attacks, pneumonia, surgical care, children's asthma care, inpatient psychiatric services, venous thromboembolism, and stroke patients.
Ginsburg M, Glasmire K. Oakland, CA: California HealthCare Foundation; April 2011.
Examining consumers' opinions on health care quality and safety, this report offers recommendations for hospitals to prioritize improvement efforts.
Oakbrook Terrace, IL: The Joint Commission; January 2010.
America's hospitals continued to improve the quality of care they provide for myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, pneumonia, and surgical care, according to the newest report from The Joint Commission. Compared to the prior report published in 2007, hospitals increased their provision of evidence-based treatments across all four disease processes. In particular, significant improvements were achieved in use of measures to prevent surgical site infections. While the prior report provided data on adherence to the National Patient Safety Goals, these measures were not discussed in the current report.
Opportunities and Recommendations for State–Federal Coordination to Improve Health System Performance: A Focus on Patient Safety.
Buxbaum J. Portland, ME: National Academy for State Health Policy; January 2010.
This briefing summarizes recommendations from a roundtable of health policy leaders, who selected the following areas as foci for initial federal–state coordination of safety efforts: reducing health care–associated infections, decreasing preventable hospital readmissions, and minimizing hospitalization for ambulatory conditions.
Wright S. Washington, DC: US Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Inspector General; January 5, 2010. Report No. OEI-06-09-00360.
Rockville, MD; Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; November 2009. AHRQ Publication No. 09(10)-0084.
This publication highlights AHRQ's patient safety research efforts in the 10 years since the Institute of Medicine report, To Err Is Human, was published.
Golden, CO: HealthGrades, Inc.; April 2009.
This analysis of patient safety in Medicare patients from 2005–2007 concludes that while modest improvements have been made, patient safety incidents still account for nearly 100,000 preventable deaths and nearly $7 billion in excess costs yearly. The report also recognizes the best performing hospitals with a "Patient Safety Excellence Award"—hospitals scoring in the top 15% according to a ranking methodology developed by the authors. As with prior HealthGrades reports, the study uses the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Patient Safety Indicators (PSIs) to measure the incidence of patient safety problems and compare hospitals. The limitations of using PSIs as a performance measure have been discussed in a prior study and AHRQ WebM&M commentary, and it is important to note that this report did not undergo external peer review.
National Patient Safety Agency. London, UK: National Reporting and Learning Service; 2009.
This report from the United Kingdom is intended to guide Primary Care Trusts in implementing never events policies for 2009-2010.
Levinson DR. Washington, DC: US Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Inspector General; December 2008. Report No. OEI-06-07-00470.
The Tax Relief and Health Care Act of 2006 mandated that the Office of Inspector General (OIG) report to Congress the incidence of "never events" among Medicare beneficiaries, payment by Medicare for services in connection with such events, and the process used to identify events and deny payments. This report addresses that mandate by providing a descriptive analysis of the key issues to understanding hospital-based adverse events. The report is focused around discussion of seven critical issues that are explored in detail. Of note, OIG expanded the study of never events to the broader topic of adverse events in their analysis.
Farley DO, Damberg CL, Ridgely MS, et al. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation; 2008. ISBN: 9780833044808
This report analyzes AHRQ's patient safety activities, synthesizes results of the full RAND evaluation, and discusses the knowledge generated by funded research projects as well as how these have contributed to improvement.
Golden, CO: HealthGrades, Inc.; April 2008.
This analysis of patient safety in Medicare patients from 2004-2006 concludes that while modest improvements have been made, patient safety incidents still account for more than 200,000 preventable deaths and nearly $9 billion in excess costs yearly. The report identifies "Distinguished Hospitals for Patient Safety"—the hospitals scoring in the top 15% according to a ranking methodology developed by the authors. As with prior HealthGrades reports, the study uses the Agency for Healthcare and Research Quality (AHRQ) Patient Safety Indicators (PSIs) to measure the incidence of patient safety problems and compare hospitals. The limitations of using PSIs as a performance measure have been discussed in a prior study and AHRQ WebM&M commentary, and it is important to note that this report did not undergo external peer review.
Auckland, NZ: Quality Improvement Committee; 2008.
This report releases information about serious medical errors and preventable deaths recorded in New Zealand hospitals.
Shea KK, Shih A, Davis K. New York, NY: The Commonwealth Fund; July 2007.
This report discusses results of a national survey regarding how to improve the safety and quality of health care. Respondents supported greater adoption of health information technology, public reporting of performance on quality measures, and more oversight.
Golden, CO: HealthGrades, Inc.; April 2007.
This fourth annual report on the safety of hospitalized Medicare patients builds on past efforts to evaluate hospital performance. The report uses the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality's Patient Safety Indicators to provide benchmarks for such performance, identify current trends in safety issues, and estimate preventable events nationally. The report suggests that the patient safety incidents captured account for nearly $9 billion in excess cost during 2003-2005, and nearly 250,000 potentially preventable deaths occurred during the same time period. Grading for all states and a selected group of highly rated hospitals is included with the implication that, if all hospitals performed at a level comparable to the ones acknowledged, more than 34,000 Medicare deaths could be avoided with a cost savings of $1.74 million. As with the second and third annual reports, several methodological limitations exist, and the reports themselves did not receive external peer review.
Oakbrook Terrace, IL: The Joint Commission; March 2007.
This report reveals that the overall quality of care delivered by US hospitals improved steadily between 2003 and 2005, as measured by adherence to evidence-based treatments for myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, and pneumonia. Adherence to the Joint Commission's National Patient Safety Goals, which include measures to prevent wrong-site surgery and promote medication reconciliation, was also measured. Although results on these measures showed a more mixed picture, the report cautions that changes in measurement during the study period limit interpretability of the results.
The Medication Errors Panel. Sacramento, CA: California State Senate; March 2007.
This report shares findings from an expert panel convened to study the causes of medication error in the outpatient setting and provide recommendations for reducing errors associated with prescription and over-the-counter medications.