Narrow Results Clear All
- Study 3
- Book/Report 72
- Legislation/Regulation 4
- Newspaper/Magazine Article 10
- Newsletter/Journal 1
- Special or Theme Issue 1
- Toolkit 16
- Web Resource
- Bibliography 1
- Clinical Guideline 1
- Grant 6
- Meeting/Conference 8
- Press Release/Announcement 14
- Communication between Providers 11
- Culture of Safety 35
- Education and Training 27
Error Reporting and Analysis
- Error Reporting 25
- Human Factors Engineering 19
- Legal and Policy Approaches 31
- Logistical Approaches 5
Quality Improvement Strategies
- Benchmarking 22
- Research Directions 3
- Specialization of Care 2
- Teamwork 3
- Technologic Approaches 20
- Device-related Complications 16
- Diagnostic Errors 6
- Discontinuities, Gaps, and Hand-Off Problems 11
- Drug shortages 1
- Fatigue and Sleep Deprivation 3
- Identification Errors 4
- Medical Complications 32
- Medication Errors/Preventable Adverse Drug Events 17
- MRI safety 1
- Nonsurgical Procedural Complications 3
- Psychological and Social Complications 3
- Surgical Complications 6
- Internal Medicine 53
- Nursing 2
- Pharmacy 16
- Family Members and Caregivers 4
- Health Care Executives and Administrators 139
Health Care Providers
- Nurses 12
- Pharmacists 10
- Physicians 14
Non-Health Care Professionals
- Media 1
- Patients 18
- Australia and New Zealand 2
- Europe 27
- Canada 2
United States of America
United States Federal Government
- Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) 125
- United States Federal Government 136
Search results for "Quality Improvement Strategies"
- Government Resource
- Quality Improvement Strategies
Tools/Toolkit > Government Resource
Itasca, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics; 2018.
Diagnostic error prevention in primary care is a persistent challenge. This AHRQ-funded toolkit provides guidance for ambulatory care organizations that seek to improve the reliability of diagnosis in children. The material focuses on tactics to enhance how practices recognize, track, and follow up on adolescent depression, pediatric elevated blood pressure, and actionable laboratory results.
Tools/Toolkit > Fact Sheet/FAQs
Gray D, Azam I. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; October 2018. AHRQ Publication No. 18(19)-0033-4-EF.
The National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports review analysis specific to tracking patient safety challenges and improvements in areas of focus such as hospital-acquired infections. The most recent update documented more than two-thirds improvement in patient safety measures tracked. This set of tools includes summaries drawn from the reports for use in presentations to enhance distribution and application of the data.
Keen J, Nicklin E, Long A, et al. Health Services and Delivery Research. Southampton, UK: NIHR Journals Library; 2018.
The National Health Service (NHS) is a global leader in patient safety improvement. This report reviews the results of a study that explored whether staff had access to information needed to prevent errors. Clinicians in four acute NHS hospitals were surveyed to assess how information is used by nurses, staff, and senior hospital managers. The report concluded that robust access to patient information improved care and proactive risk management activities.
Bethesda, MD: Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health. May 21, 2018. PA-18-790; PA-18-791.
Tools/Toolkit > Government Resource
Improving Your Office Testing Process: A Step by Step Guide for Rapid-Cycle Patient Safety and Quality Improvement.
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; January 2018.
This toolkit provides resources to help augment testing processes in ambulatory care settings, including tools for identifying areas of concern and measuring improvements.
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; November 2017.
Preventing surgical complications including surgical site infections are a worldwide target for improvement. This toolkit builds on the success of the Comprehensive Unit-based Safety Program to initiate change. The tools represent practical strategies that helped members of a large-scale collaborative to identify areas of weakness, design improvements, and track the impact of the interventions.
Tools/Toolkit > Government Resource
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; 2017.
Both organizational culture and the physical environment affect the safety of care delivery. This toolkit provides resources to help organizations assess hazards related to the design of their facilities. The toolkit focuses on six areas of safety: infections, falls, medication errors, security, injuries of behavioral health, and patient handling.
Measuring harm and informing quality improvement in the Welsh NHS: the longitudinal Welsh national adverse events study.
Mayor S, Baines E, Vincent C, et al. Health Services and Delivery Research. Southampton, UK: NIHR Journals Library; 2017.
This publication compared the use of the Global Trigger Tool with a two-stage retrospective review process to design a method to monitor health care–associated harm in Welsh National Health Service hospitals. Analyzing results from 11 of the 13 system hospitals, investigators determined that a hybrid incident review approach that does not rely on physician involvement can return reliable data.
Designing and Delivering Whole-Person Transitional Care: Hospital Guide to Reducing Medicaid Readmissions.
Boutwell A, Bourgoin A , Maxwell J, DeAngelis K, Genetti S, Savuto M, Snow J. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; September 2016. AHRQ Publication No.16-0047-EF.
This toolkit provides information for hospitals to help reduce preventable readmissions among Medicaid patients. Building on hospital experience with utilizing the materials since 2014, this updated guide explains how to determine root causes for readmissions, evaluate existing interventions, develop a set of improvement strategies, and optimize care transition processes.
Audiovisual > Audiovisual Presentation
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; July 2016.
This toolkit provides resources to help hospitals to augment safety. The updated toolkit represents adjustments made to the AHRQ Quality Indicators to support the transition from ICD-9 to ICD-10, experience from testing in hospitals, and materials targeted to inform leadership of the program. The toolkit is structured around enhancing multidisciplinary teamwork by completing a series of steps such as assessing the organizational readiness for a change initiative, implementing improvements, and determining the return on investment of the programs.
Simmons S, Schnelle J, Slagle J, et al. Technical Brief No. 24. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; May 2016. AHRQ Publication No. 16-EHC022-EF.
Efforts to maintain patient autonomy can detract from ensuring residents' safety in nursing homes. Common safety issues in nursing homes are medication errors, falls, and inappropriate use of restraints. This technical brief discusses gaps in the research base that hinder understanding of the safety hazards in the residential care environment.
Web Resource > Government Resource
National Health Service England.
The National Health Service (NHS) has been a global leader in patient safety improvement since the publication of An Organization With a Memory in 2000. This government resource combines several NHS initiatives—such as the National Reporting and Learning System, Critical Incident Framework and the Advancing Change Team—to oversee and provide support for clinicians.
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Health Care Innovations Exchange. May 18, 2016.
CDC Vital Signs. March 3, 2016.
Health care–associated infections (HAI) are a worldwide patient safety problem. This article and accompanying set of infographics spotlight the importance of addressing HAIs and provide updates on improvements associated with better use of catheters, appropriate patient isolation, and increased vigilance to reduce the risks of antibiotic-resistant infections.
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; December 2015. AHRQ Publication No. 16-0009-EF.
The Partnership for Patients initiative has led efforts to reduce hospital-acquired conditions (HACs), such as health care–associated infections and other never events. Since 2010, AHRQ has been tracking rates of HACs including adverse drug events, catheter-associated urinary tract infections, central line–associated bloodstream infections, pressure ulcers, and surgical site infections. This interim update demonstrates that HACs were reduced by 17% in 2014, indicating that the previously reported decline has been sustained. With this decrease in HACs, the analysis estimates that 87,000 fewer hospital patients died and $19.8 billion in health care costs were saved from 2011 to 2014. Although HACs persist despite incentives and strategies to eliminate them, these reductions indicate that hospitals have made substantial progress in improving safety.
Web Resource > Government Resource
Center for Health Information and Analysis.
The Betsy Lehman Center is a nonregulatory Massachusetts state agency named for Betsy Lehman, the Boston Globe columnist who died due to an inadvertent chemotherapy overdose. The Center works to support a statewide program coordinating health care organization and provider efforts to reduce medical errors, enabling patients to participate in safety improvement, and disseminating information about best practices.
Efforts To Improve Patient Safety Result in 1.3 Million Fewer Patient Harms: Interim Update on 2013 Annual Hospital-Acquired Condition Rate and Estimates of Cost Savings and Deaths Averted From 2010 to 2013.
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; December 2014. AHRQ Publication No. 15-0011-EF.
This report from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality provides estimates on hospital-acquired conditions (HACs)—including never events and health care–associated infections—for hospitals in the United States from 2010 to 2013. These adverse events continue to decline steadily, with an estimated 9% decrease in most recent year over year comparison. In 2013, there were 121 HACs for every 1000 hospital admissions. These improvements resulted in significant cost-savings and reduced morbidity and mortality rates. The authors attribute this change to CMS payment reform and to the Partnership for Patients initiative. Although uncertainty about the cause of these improvements remains, the lower HAC rate clearly demonstrates that efforts to reduce patient safety problems in hospitalized patients are yielding results. The substantial remaining burden of HACs argues for more investment in patient safety in hospital settings.
Washington, DC: Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, United States Department of Health and Human Services; September 2014.
This national action plan aims to align the efforts of multiple federal programs committed to reducing patient harms related to adverse drug events. The three initial high-priority targets of the action plan are anticoagulants, diabetes agents, and opioids. These medication classes were chosen due to their common usage and their very high potential to cause clinically significant, preventable, and measurable adverse events. The action plan outlines a four-pronged approach: surveillance, prevention, incentives and oversight, and research. The full report delves into detailed tactics for each of these areas, as well as for the three drug classes. Focusing on specific high-risk drug classes, rather than pursuing the commonly advocated approach of universal drug safety, was also recommended by a recent systematic review of medication errors.
Battles JB, Cleeman JI, Kahn KL, Weinberg DA, eds. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; June 2014. AHRQ Publication No. 14-0003.
Health care–associated infections (HAIs) are a known contributor to preventable patient harm. This AHRQ publication offers 19 papers that explore government-funded research into HAIs, including lessons learned from the design and implementation of prevention efforts along with projects that sought to detect and measure HAI incidents to determine risks. The report discusses specific infections, including clostridium difficile and methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus, as well as common conditions, such as central line-associated blood stream infections and catheter-associated urinary tract infections. A recent AHRQ WebM&M perspective reviews how infection prevention fits into a safety program.
Journal Article > Government Resource
Fridkin S, Baggs J, Fagan R, et al; National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, CDC. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2014;63:194-200.
Antibiotics are among the most remarkable life-saving advances of modern medicine. However, when used incorrectly these medications pose serious risks for patients due to adverse effects and the potential to cause complicated infections, including those resistant to multiple antibiotics. This national database study found that more than half of all patients discharged from a hospital in 2010 received antibiotics during their stay. Many of these antibiotics were deemed to be unnecessary, and there was wide variation seen in antibiotic usage across hospital wards. A model accounting for both direct and indirect effects of antibiotics predicted that decreasing hospitalized patients' exposure to broad-spectrum antibiotics by 30% would lead to a 26% reduction in Clostridium difficile infection. The CDC recommends that all hospitals implement antibiotic stewardship programs, and this article provides core elements to guide these efforts. An AHRQ WebM&M commentary describes inappropriate antibiotic usage that resulted in a patient death. Dr. Alison Holmes spoke about infection prevention and antimicrobial stewardship in a recent AHRQ WebM&M interview.