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Search results for "Patients"
- Active Errors
Sun LH. The Washington Post. October 13, 2016.
Medical devices can contribute to the spread of health care–associated infections. This news article discusses a government report that raises concerns that patients may have been exposed to a deadly bacterial infection related to an essential piece of equipment used in cardiac surgery worldwide. The resulting infection can be difficult to diagnosis as symptoms may remain dormant for months after the initial exposure.
Journal Article > Study
Yin HS, Parker RM, Sanders LM, et al. Pediatrics. 2016;138:e20160357.
Misinterpretation of medication labels is a well-recognized source of medication error in the outpatient setting, especially among patients with low health literacy. This randomized controlled study looked at how units of measurement on medication labels and dosing tool characteristics affected dosing errors with regard to liquid medications in pediatrics. About 84% of parents made at least one dosing error, and 21% made at least one large error, defined as administering more than double the dose. Researchers concluded that the use of oral syringes resulted in fewer dosing errors than cups, especially when administering small doses. The authors conclude that oral syringes should be recommended when dispensing liquid medications in pediatrics. A prior WebM&M commentary discussed a pediatric dosing error.
Journal Article > Study
Patients and families as teachers: a mixed methods assessment of a collaborative learning model for medical error disclosure and prevention.
Langer T, Martinez W, Browning DM, Varrin P, Sarnoff Lee B, Bell SK. BMJ Qual Saf. 2016;25:615-625.
Health systems struggle with how to effectively involve patients in safety efforts without placing undue responsibility or blame on them. Greater patient–clinician collaboration is particularly important for error disclosure because of the well-documented gaps in clinician and patient perspectives. In this study, investigators developed an intervention to have patients or family members teach error disclosure and prevention to interprofessional clinician learners, including physicians, nurses, and social workers. Their pre–post evaluation showed that the majority of patient and clinician participants reported improved communication and found the intervention valuable. Patient and clinician participation was voluntary. Although these results show promise for involving patients and families as teachers for error disclosure and prevention training, further work is needed to determine whether this approach will be effective among broader health care teams, as opposed to interested clinicians who volunteer. A related editorial discusses the challenges of including patients in safety efforts.
Shell ER. Sci Am. 2015;313(5):28-29.
Getting the wrong person's medicine at the pharmacy: easy steps consumers can take to help eliminate these errors.
ISMP Safe Medicine. July/August 2015;13:1-3.
Dispensing errors in the community setting are a frequent source of concern. This newsletter article describes how correctly completed medication orders can inadvertently be given to the wrong patient in the community pharmacy setting and reviews steps patients can take to avoid receiving the incorrect medication.
Journal Article > Study
Etchegaray JM, Ottosen MJ, Burress L, et al. Health Aff (Millwood). 2014;33:46-52.
Patient engagement is increasingly recognized as a key element for patient safety. Although patients and family members may provide unique insights into adverse events, they are rarely asked to participate in medical error investigations, such as root cause analyses. Using detailed interviews, this study revealed that clinicians and hospital administrators generally support including patients and family members in these types of activities, but they are not sure how best to do so. A group of patients and health care experts at a national conference explored these findings and felt that patient involvement was desirable, but they identified many concerns and limitations with this approach. A recent AHRQ WebM&M perspective by Dr. Saul Weingart discussed the opportunities for patient engagement in patient safety.
Harrow, Middlesex, UK: The Patients Association; 2013.
This publication provides patient and family accounts of incidents involving inadequate care or harm and highlights the need for improvements recommended in a National Health Services report.
Journal Article > Commentary
Petronio S, Torke A, Bosslet G, Isenberg S, Wocial L, Helft PR. Perm J. 2013;17:73-79.
This piece describes a two-step model to help physicians disclose medical errors to patients and families.
Cohn J. The Atlantic. March 2013;311:59–67.
This magazine article reports how technology, such as IBM's Watson, can improve the efficiency and accuracy of health care decision making.
Sanders L. New York Times Magazine. March 18, 2012.
This interactive magazine feature takes readers through the decision-making process in a case involving diagnostic error.
Boodman SG. Washington Post. June 13, 2011:E1.
Allen M. Washington Monthly. March/April 2011.
This magazine article reports on medical errors in the United States health care system and discusses transparency as a tactic to improve patient safety.
Journal Article > Commentary
Helmchen LA, Richards MR, McDonald TB. Health Care Manage Rev. 2011;36:1-10.
This commentary compares two cases of preventable medical errors and suggests disclosure and remediation as tactics to establish post–adverse event trust with families and patients.
Bogdanich W, Rebelo K. New York Times. December 28, 2010;A1.
This article explores inaccuracy of dosage, lack of protocol adherence, and absence of transparency as trends that hinder learning from radiological adverse events.
Truog RD, Browning DM, Johnson JA, Gallagher TH. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press; 2011. ISBN: 0801898048.
This publication provides guidelines for disclosure and reveals tactics for effective communication following medical error.
Tampa, FL: Sepsis Alliance; 2010.
Revealing incidents in which diagnostic delay led to sepsis, this video provides information to help consumers recognize the condition.
Austin, TX: Texas Medical Institute for Technology and the Quaid Foundation; 2010.
This documentary reports on families affected by medical errors; it includes the story of a high-profile heparin overdose and how it transformed the family of actor Dennis Quaid into advocates for patient safety.
National Quality Forum.
Panner M. Forbes. August 12, 2019.
Diagnostic errors can result in harm across the spectrum of practice. Discussing cognitive and system factors in radiology that contribute to diagnostic mistakes, this magazine article recommends ways to reduce risk of errors, including peer review of practice, structured reporting, and artificial intelligence–enabled decision support.
Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 2019.
Reducing adverse medication events is a worldwide challenge. This collection of technical reports explores key areas of concern that require action at a system level to improve: high-alert medications, polypharmacy, and medication use at care transitions. Each monograph provides an overview of the topic as well as practical improvement approaches for patients, clinicians, and organizations.