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Search results for "Education and Training"
- Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ)
- Education and Training
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; July 2008. AHRQ Publication Nos. 080034 (1-4).
The 115 articles freely available in this latest issue of AHRQ's Advances in Patient Safety represent the state of the art in patient safety. Serving as an update and extension to the prior volume, the articles are grouped into four major content areas—assessment, culture and redesign, performance and tools, and technology and medication safety—and are freely available online through the link below.
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; February 2005. AHRQ Publication Nos. 050021 (1-4).
With 4 volumes and 140 articles (all of which are freely available through the link below), this expansive collection of literature illustrates the progress made since the 1999 Institute of Medicine's report, To Err is Human: Building a Safer Health System. The efforts represent a successful collaboration between the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality and the Department of Defense-Health Affairs in meeting the challenge of improving patient safety knowledge, research, and implementation.
Tools/Toolkit > Multi-use Website
Washington, DC: Department of Defense. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; 2016.
Effective teamwork plays an essential role in providing safe patient care. The Team Strategies and Tools to Enhance Performance and Patient Safety (TeamSTEPPS) program was developed in collaboration by the United States Department of Defense and AHRQ in order to support effective communication and teamwork in health care. This updated version of the widely implemented program provides new tools to measure its impact, supports increased emphasis on the role of effective communication in team training, and includes a new course management guide. Teamwork training programs have been shown to improve knowledge and attitudes, but have received mixed reviews on their effectiveness in changing behaviors. An AHRQ WebM&M commentary discussed how improved teamwork and shared decision-making might have prevented the unnecessary placement of a peripherally inserted central catheter that led to significant complications.
Journal Article > Study
Landrigan CP, Czeisler CA, Barger LK, et al. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 2007;33(suppl 1):19-29.
Efforts to comply with resident work-hour restrictions have placed a significant burden on hospitals and training programs, particularly in addressing the impact of these restrictions on patient safety. This AHRQ-supported study provides a framework to address the scheduling practices that aim to minimize sleep deprivation, optimize teamwork, and promote patient safety. The authors share a number of case examples and discuss policy implications around developing evidence-based scheduling and systematic culture change. This study's lead author, Dr. Christopher Landrigan, was featured in a past AHRQ WebM&M conversation that discussed the role of sleep deprivation in residency training and its effect on medical errors.
Journal Article > Study
Singh H, Thomas EJ, Petersen LA, Studdert DM. Arch Intern Med. 2007;167:2030-2036.
This AHRQ-funded study uncovered distinctive features of errors involving trainees, including teamwork and communication breakdowns, failures of supervision and handoffs, and excessive workload. Building on a past study of closed malpractice claims, investigators conducted a subanalysis of those claims in which housestaff or fellows were thought to play an important role. As the claims predate the introduction of trainee work hour restrictions, the authors call for continued research into trainee errors and targeted training interventions to address current areas of concern. An accompanying editorial discusses a dramatically new model for inpatient care that would begin to address the problem areas identified in this study.
Internal Bleeding: The Truth Behind America's Terrifying Epidemic of Medical Mistakes. Updated edition.
Wachter R, Shojania K. New York, NY: Rugged Land; 2005. ISBN: 1590710738.
Wachter and Shojania adapted many of the cases they previously published in the academic literature, some cases previously described in the lay literature (eg, the Duke transplant mix-up and the death of Betsy Lehman at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute), and other cases never previously reported to provide a dramatic account of medical errors and the field of patient safety. Dr. Lucian Leape wrote that Internal Bleeding "shows how cognitive psychology and human factors engineering provide the way out by shifting attention from blaming individuals to fixing faulty systems." The book, now in its fourth printing, continues to be a popular choice for anyone with an interest in patient safety.