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Journal Article > Study
Kahwati LC, Sorensen AV, Teixeira-Poit S, et al. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf. 2019 Jan 10; [Epub ahead of print].
Labor and delivery is an inherently high-risk care setting. The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality adapted its Comprehensive Unit-based Safety Program, a best practice toolkit incorporating teamwork, human factors engineering principles, and simulation training, for labor and delivery. In this pre–post evaluation study, staff reported improved safety culture and teamwork. Obstetric trauma and primary cesarean delivery rates declined after the intervention, but neonatal birth trauma rates increased. The authors note that incomplete implementation and lack of sustained program participation observed in the study should be addressed in order to improve obstetric and neonatal care safety. A recent Annual Perspective emphasizes the rising rate of severe maternal morbidity and summarizes national initiatives to improve safety in maternity care.
Journal Article > Study
Advancing perinatal patient safety through application of safety science principles using health IT.
Webb J, Sorensen A, Sommerness S, Lasater B, Mistry K, Kahwati L. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak. 2017;17:176.
AHRQ's Safety Program for Perinatal Care used a multifaceted approach based on the comprehensive unit-based safety program to improve safety culture and perinatal outcomes at 46 hospitals. In this study, investigators conducted structured interviews to evaluate how participating hospitals used health information technology to enable implementation of the program. A variety of uses for health IT were described, including integration of checklists and standardized handoff tools into the electronic health record.
Tools/Toolkit > Government Resource
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. June 2017.
Communication in labor and delivery units can be challenging. This AHRQ-funded program draws from comprehensive unit-based safety program principles to reduce errors in maternal and neonatal care. The toolkit provides guidance and materials focused on enhancing teamwork skills, implementing perinatal safety strategies, and utilizing in situ simulation. Team training modules and care bundles are shared to enable skill development. A previous WebM&M commentary explored a near miss with a neonate.