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Search results for "Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)"
- Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)
- Hospital Medicine
Meeting/Conference > Maryland Meeting/Conference
Johns Hopkins Armstrong Institute for Patient Safety and Quality. November 5-6, 2019; Constellation Energy Building, Baltimore, MD.
Meeting/Conference > United States Meeting/Conference
AHA Team Training. June 27–November 5, 2019.
AHRQ National Scorecard on Hospital-Acquired Conditions Updated Baseline Rates and Preliminary Results 2014–2017.
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; January 2019.
Hospital-acquired conditions (HACs) represent a significant source of preventable harm to patients. The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services financially penalizes hospitals with increased numbers of HACs through the Hospital-Acquired Condition Reduction Program. This policy of nonpayment has prompted hospitals to focus significant resources on preventing HACs. This AHRQ report found a reduction in HACs from 99 per 1000 acute care discharges to 86 per 1000 discharges between 2014 and 2017, representing a decrease in 910,000 HACs and savings of $7.7 billion. Declines in certain HACs such as adverse drug events and Clostridium difficile infections were noted to be more significant as compared to others. A past WebM&M commentary highlighted the clinical significance of HACs and described an incident involving a patient who developed a pressure ulcer while in the hospital.
Tools/Toolkit > Government Resource
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; January 2018.
The Comprehensive Unit-based Safety Program (CUSP), originally developed at Johns Hopkins Hospital by Dr. Peter Pronovost and colleagues, has been instrumental in driving patient safety improvement in several landmark patient safety initiatives. The CUSP approach emphasizes improving safety culture by through a continuous process of reporting and learning from errors, improving teamwork, and engaging staff at all levels in safety efforts. Most recently, an AHRQ-funded project using the CUSP model achieved a 40% reduction of central line–associated bloodstream infections in intensive care units nationwide. This toolkit includes modules on how to build the CUSP team, identify recurring safety concerns, and improve teamwork and communication.
Designing and Delivering Whole-Person Transitional Care: Hospital Guide to Reducing Medicaid Readmissions.
Boutwell A, Bourgoin A , Maxwell J, DeAngelis K, Genetti S, Savuto M, Snow J. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; September 2016. AHRQ Publication No.16-0047-EF.
This toolkit provides information for hospitals to help reduce preventable readmissions among Medicaid patients. Building on hospital experience with utilizing the materials since 2014, this updated guide explains how to determine root causes for readmissions, evaluate existing interventions, develop a set of improvement strategies, and optimize care transition processes.
Journal Article > Commentary
Kronick R, Arnold S, Brady J. JAMA. 2016;316:489-490.
The publication of To Err Is Human in 1999 drew national attention to the issue of patient safety and is often credited with catalyzing widespread efforts to reduce health care–related harm. At the time of the report's publication, central line–associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) were considered unpreventable. However, subsequent public reporting programs and the trend toward nonpayment for preventable harm have led not only to a significant reduction in CLABSIs, but a decrease in other types of hospital-acquired conditions as well. This directly translates into improved patient outcomes and reduced health care costs. This commentary highlights progress made in patient safety and suggests that future efforts should focus on improving the measurement of adverse events and mitigating diagnostic error. A past PSNet perspective discussed the evolution of patient safety as it relates to surgery.
Levinson DR. Washington, DC: US Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Inspector General; July 2016. Report No. OEI-06-14-00110.
The Office of the Inspector General (OIG) has issued a series of reports analyzing the incidence and preventability of adverse events among Medicare beneficiaries receiving care in acute care hospitals and skilled nursing facilities. This report used similar methodology based on trigger tools to determine adverse event incidence among patients in rehabilitation hospitals—post-acute care facilities that provide intensive rehabilitation to patients recovering from hospitalization for an acute illness or injury. The study found that 29% of patients experienced an adverse event during their stay, a proportion nearly identical to rates at acute care hospitals and skilled nursing facilities. Nearly half of the events were considered preventable, with the most common types of events including pressure ulcers, delirium, and medication errors. Nearly one-fourth of patients who had an adverse event required transfer to an acute care hospital for diagnosis or management, leading to a large increase in costs of care. Based on these data, the OIG has recommended that the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality and Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services disseminate information about patient harms in the rehabilitation setting and work to improve safety at rehabilitation hospitals. A previous WebM&M commentary discussed an adverse event at a rehabilitation facility.
Audiovisual > Audiovisual Presentation
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; July 2016.
This toolkit provides resources to help hospitals to augment safety. The updated toolkit represents adjustments made to the AHRQ Quality Indicators to support the transition from ICD-9 to ICD-10, experience from testing in hospitals, and materials targeted to inform leadership of the program. The toolkit is structured around enhancing multidisciplinary teamwork by completing a series of steps such as assessing the organizational readiness for a change initiative, implementing improvements, and determining the return on investment of the programs.
Legislation/Regulation > Government Resource
Medicare and Medicaid Programs; Hospital and Critical Access Hospital (CAH) Changes to Promote Innovation, Flexibility, and Improvement in Patient Care; Proposed Rule.
Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. Fed Regist. 2016;81:39447-39480.
This proposed rule suggests updates to the government requirements hospitals must comply with to participate in Medicare and Medicaid. Changes include emphasis on the role of leadership engagement and safety culture as ways to generate improvements in areas such as reducing hospital-acquired infections and readmissions. Comments on the proposed rule are due August 15, 2016.
Tools/Toolkit > Government Resource
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; May 2016.
Traditionally, health systems have disclosed adverse events to patients only through a lengthy process that involves providing limited information to patients and families, avoiding admissions of fault, and emphasizing protection of the clinicians involved. This approach may harm safety culture and has been criticized as not being patient-centered. Some pioneering institutions, such as the University of Michigan Health System, began implementing an alternative approach known as "communication and resolution," which emphasizes early disclosure of adverse events and proactive attempts to reach an amicable solution. Early adopters of this method have achieved notable results, including a decline in malpractice lawsuits. The CANDOR toolkit, developed by AHRQ as part of the Medical Liability Reform and Patient Safety Initiative, provides tools for health care organizations to implement a communication-and-resolution program. The toolkit includes videos, slides, and teaching materials, and it has been tested in 14 hospitals in several different states. A PSNet interview with the chief risk officer of the University of Michigan Health System discusses the organization's pioneering efforts to implement a communication-and-response system.
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Health Care Innovations Exchange. May 18, 2016.
Developing and Testing the Health Care Safety Hotline: A Prototype Consumer Reporting System for Patient Safety Events. Final Report.
Schneider EC, Ridgely MS, Quigley DD, et al. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; May 2016. AHRQ Publication No. 16-0027-EF.
Patient safety hotlines are a strategy to improve reporting and collecting of comments from patients, clinicians, and staff to notify hospitals about problems in care processes. This report describes the development of one such program, the Health Care Safety Hotline. Drawing from design and testing of the hotline, the authors conclude that more research is needed to understand why patients were more likely to access reports than contribute to them and how to simplify goals for the tool to enhance its usefulness.
Goals and Priorities for Health Care Organizations to Improve Safety Using Health IT. Revised Report.
Graber ML, Bailey R, Johnston D. RTI International; Washington, DC: US Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; 2016.
Journal Article > Review
Validity of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Patient Safety Indicators and the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Hospital-acquired Conditions: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Winters BD, Bharmal A, Wilson RF, et al. Med Care. 2016;54:1105-1111.
The ability to use administrative data to measure patient safety is critical, because chart review is time-consuming and resource-intensive. The AHRQ Patient Safety Indicators (PSIs) and the CMS Hospital-acquired Conditions (HACs) aim to measure and track patient safety using administrative data. PSIs are often used for pay-for-performance, and CMS has a policy of nonpayment for hospitalizations associated with HACs. This systematic review found that PSIs and HACs have not been adequately validated compared to chart review and therefore may be subject to coding error. Establishing hospital quality or payment based on unvalidated metrics has consequences for patient safety efforts. These results suggest that unless further development and validation of administrative metrics occurs, widespread implementation of pay-for-performance efforts may not significantly improve patient safety.
Fingar KR, Barrett ML, Elixhauser A, Stocks C, Steiner CA. HCUP Statistical Brief #195. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; November 2015.
Defining preventability has become increasingly important due to its use as a measure for cost and reimbursement mechanisms. This report presents data on hospitalizations for conditions that might be averted through quality ambulatory care and reveals that preventable hospital stays decreased between 2005 and 2012.
The Clinical Center Working Group Report to the Advisory Committee to the Director, National Institutes of Health. Bethesda, MD; National Institutes of Health; April 2016.
This publication outlines system problems at a large research institution that could compromise patient safety, including supervisors' failure to address staff-reported concerns, prioritization of research productivity over safety, insufficient processes for reporting and tracking problems, and fragmented accountability for ensuring quality and safety at the institution.
Efforts To Improve Patient Safety Result in 1.3 Million Fewer Patient Harms: Interim Update on 2013 Annual Hospital-Acquired Condition Rate and Estimates of Cost Savings and Deaths Averted From 2010 to 2013.
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; December 2014. AHRQ Publication No. 15-0011-EF.
This report from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality provides estimates on hospital-acquired conditions (HACs)—including never events and health care–associated infections—for hospitals in the United States from 2010 to 2013. These adverse events continue to decline steadily, with an estimated 9% decrease in most recent year over year comparison. In 2013, there were 121 HACs for every 1000 hospital admissions. These improvements resulted in significant cost-savings and reduced morbidity and mortality rates. The authors attribute this change to CMS payment reform and to the Partnership for Patients initiative. Although uncertainty about the cause of these improvements remains, the lower HAC rate clearly demonstrates that efforts to reduce patient safety problems in hospitalized patients are yielding results. The substantial remaining burden of HACs argues for more investment in patient safety in hospital settings.
Audiovisual > Audiovisual Presentation
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.
This online education program will present both group-focused and self-paced opportunities for participants to learn how to apply TeamSTEPPS 2.0 curriculum methods to develop staff training and improve team communication in their organizations.
Special or Theme Issue
Battles JB, Cleeman JI, Kahn KL, Weinberg DA, eds. Am J Infect Control. 2014;42(suppl 10):S189-S296.
This companion issue covers research findings by an AHRQ program to reduce health care–associated infections. Articles discuss antimicrobial stewardship programs, quality improvement assessment strategies, work-system factors that affect hospital-acquired infections, and prevention of central line–associated bloodstream infections as well as catheter-associated urinary tract infections.
Special or Theme Issue
Battles JB, Cleeman JI, Kahn KL, Weinberg DA, eds. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2014;35(suppl 3):S1-S141.
Articles in this special issue explore evidence developed from an AHRQ-funded initiative to reduce health care–associated infections (HAIs). Researchers examine epidemiological issues, disparities in HAI rates, quality improvement efforts, assessment tools, and how antibiotic stewardship programs influence HAI prevention and research.