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Search results for "Governmental Reporting"
- Governmental Reporting
Jewett C. Kaiser Health News. May 3, 2019.
Transparency has been heralded as a cornerstone to improvement in health care. This news article reports on a government alternative summary reporting program that allowed medical device makers to conceal safety events and malfunction reports associated with medical devices. A new program that expands access to information about device-related failures will be put in place.
AHRQ National Scorecard on Hospital-Acquired Conditions Updated Baseline Rates and Preliminary Results 2014–2017.
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; January 2019.
Hospital-acquired conditions (HACs) represent a significant source of preventable harm to patients. The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services financially penalizes hospitals with increased numbers of HACs through the Hospital-Acquired Condition Reduction Program. This policy of nonpayment has prompted hospitals to focus significant resources on preventing HACs. This AHRQ report found a reduction in HACs from 99 per 1000 acute care discharges to 86 per 1000 discharges between 2014 and 2017, representing a decrease in 910,000 HACs and savings of $7.7 billion. Declines in certain HACs such as adverse drug events and Clostridium difficile infections were noted to be more significant as compared to others. A past WebM&M commentary highlighted the clinical significance of HACs and described an incident involving a patient who developed a pressure ulcer while in the hospital.
Journal Article > Study
Adverse effects of the Medicare PSI-90 hospital penalty system on revenue-neutral hospital-acquired conditions.
Padula WV, Black JM, Davidson PM, Kang SY, Pronovost PJ. J Patient Saf. 2018 Jul 17; [Epub ahead of print].
The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) first implemented a policy of nonpayment for specific hospital-acquired conditions (HACs) in 2008. In 2014, they implemented a value-based purchasing program (the Hospital-Acquired Condition Reduction Program) that reduces reimbursement to hospitals with elevated rates of a range of HACs. The program measures HAC rates by a composite Patient Safety Indicator (PSI90), which includes 10 specific PSIs. This study examined HAC rates after implementation of the reimbursement penalty program at a cohort of academic medical centers. Overall, HAC rates declined over the 2 years following implementation of the program, with only rates of pressure ulcers increasing. Another recent study also found declines in HAC rates associated with CMS nonpayment initiatives, and data from AHRQ has also demonstrated significant reductions in HACs over the past 5 years. Nevertheless, concerns persist about the validity of using PSI for patient safety measurement over time, and other studies have found no effect of reimbursement policies on other HACs that are not included in PSI90 (such as specific health care–associated infections). A past PSNet perspective discussed the effect of pay-for-performance and other financial incentives for patient safety.
Defense Health Agency Should Improve Tracking of Serious Adverse Medical Events and Monitoring of Required Follow-up.
Washington, DC: United States Government Accountability Office; April 2018. Publication GAO-18-378.
Adverse event reporting is an important step toward failure reduction. However, weaknesses in feedback, follow-up, and action resulting from incident reports diminish their impact on safety. This publication analyzed reporting activity and action in the Defense Health Agency. The resulting recommendations suggest the need to improve tracking of incident reports and for clarifying reporting requirements.
NHS Improvement. London, UK: National Health Service.
Organizational processes to investigate adverse care incidents play an important part in generating the learning needed for improvements. This announcement sought multidisciplinary insights regarding how to revise the Serious Incident Framework (2015), currently used by the National Health Service, to enhance reporting and investigation processes.
Washington, DC: Department of Veterans Affairs, Office of Inspector General. March 7, 2018. Report No. 17-02644-130.
Systemic weaknesses in the Veterans Affairs health system have resulted in high-profile failures. Highlighting concerns at one medical center that were found to contribute to opportunities for waste, fraud, and poor health care delivery, this report by the Office of Inspector General outlines 40 recommendations to address deficiencies.
St. Paul, MN: Minnesota Department of Health; March 2019.
The National Quality Forum has defined 29 never events—patient safety problems that should never occur, such as wrong-site surgery and patient falls. Since 2003, Minnesota hospitals have been required to report such incidents. The 2018 report summarizes information about 384 adverse events that were reported and found pressure ulcers and invasive procedure events increased, while fall-related deaths decreased. Reports from previous years are also available.
Improved Policies and Oversight Needed for Reviewing and Reporting Providers for Quality and Safety Concerns.
Washington, DC: United States Government Accountability Office; November 2017. Publication GAO-18-63.
Tracking concerns related to individual clinician performance has the potential to uncover opportunities for clinician skill and system safety enhancements. This report highlights weaknesses in the peer reporting processes of Veterans Affairs medical centers and offers recommendations to improve the quality and timeliness of reporting to ensure safety of patients in the VA system.
Whitson T, Garten B. Indianapolis, IN: Indiana State Department of Health; 2017.
Journal Article > Study
Completeness of serious adverse drug event reports received by the US Food and Drug Administration in 2014.
Moore TJ, Furberg CD, Mattison DR, Cohen MR. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2016;25:713-718.
According to this study, many adverse drug event reports submitted by drug manufacturers to the Food and Drug Administration were incomplete. The authors advocate for the FDA to update their reporting requirements and compliance policies.
Koba M. Fortune. January 6, 2015.
Pino R, Furniss WH, Mueller L, Olson JC. Hartford, CT: Connecticut Department of Public Health; October 2016.
This annual publication provides data on adverse events reported to the Connecticut Department of Public Health. The most recent report discusses an analysis of the 456 incidents submitted in 2015, which represents a slight decrease. The most common adverse events reported were pressure ulcers and fall-related injuries or deaths. Past reports are also available.
Jefferson City, MO: Center for Patient Safety; June 11, 2019.
Patient Safety Organizations (PSOs) provide local evidence to inform learning at the state level. This annual report analyzes trends present in reports submitted to the PSO in 2018. Medication errors, falls, and health care–acquired infections were frequently reported. The material discusses reasons for these events, shares lessons learned, and points to resources to aid organizations in reducing conditions that enable reportable occurrences.
Harrow, Middlesex, UK: The Patients Association; 2013.
This publication provides patient and family accounts of incidents involving inadequate care or harm and highlights the need for improvements recommended in a National Health Services report.
Avery L, Bennett R, Brinsley-Rainisch K, et al. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; October 9, 2018.
Web Resource > Government Resource
National Patient Safety Agency.
This Web site provides data on safety incidents from the United Kingdom in the form of workbooks sorted by either organization or region.
Wright S. Washington, DC: US Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Inspector General; July 2012. Report No. OEI-06-09-00092.
This report built on earlier research to examine rates of adverse events reported to state-level reporting systems compared with hospital data. It found that, even in states with required hospital reporting of adverse events, only about one in nine events is reported to the state. Because few of the events were found in each hospital's incident reporting system, the investigators concluded that the low rate of reporting was likely due to hospital failure to identify events rather than hospitals failing to report known events.
Web Resource > Multi-use Website
Drawing from data reported by the Leapfrog Hospital Survey, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS), this website provides grades for hospitals in the United States based on their safety. The 2018 results are the sixth generation of the scores, which now include a medication error score. A related report from the Armstrong Institute examines avoidable death associated with grading hospitals.
Lucado J, Paez K, Elixhauser A. HCUP Statistical Brief #109. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; April 2011.
Journal Article > Study
Sevdalis N, Jacklin R, Arora S, Vincent CA, Thomson RG. J Eval Clin Pract. 2010;16:1276-1281.