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Journal Article > Study
Predictors of unit-level medication administration accuracy: microsystem impacts on medication safety.
Donaldson N, Aydin C, Fridman M. J Nurs Adm. 2014;44:353-361.
This direct observation study of nursing medication administration demonstrated that adherence to safe practices such as minimizing interruptions, checking two forms of patient identification, discussing medications with patients and their families, and prompt documentation led to fewer medication administration errors. Characteristics such as higher patient-to-nurse ratios and patient turnover were associated with decreased adherence to safe practices, emphasizing the crucial role of nursing workload in patient safety.
Tools/Toolkit > Fact Sheet/FAQs
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; Revised December 2009. AHRQ Publication No. 10-M008.
This tip sheet provides 10 practical steps hospitals can undertake to improve patient safety, based on research funded by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. The tips can be grouped into three areas: 1) reducing health care-acquired infections and retained surgical instruments through use of specific clinical practices; 2) improving drug safety by ensuring access to accurate drug information; and 3) improving the culture of safety through appropriate staffing and work hours for nurses and residents. These tips are based on high-quality research studies documenting the effectiveness of these interventions at reducing errors and improving safety for a broad range of patients.
Princeton, NJ: Robert Wood Johnson Foundation; November 2010.
Part I of this three-part series examines the quality improvement experience of four health care organizations and one state government. Part II examines how nursing intersects with health information technology implementation efforts. Part III examines how the design of the care environment affects patient outcomes.