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- Human Factors Engineering 1
- Legal and Policy Approaches 1
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- Discontinuities, Gaps, and Hand-Off Problems 4
- Medication Safety 6
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Search results for "Emergency Medicine"
- Government Resource
- Emergency Medicine
Journal Article > Government Resource
Vital signs: trends in emergency department visits for suspected opioid overdoses—United States, July 2016–September 2017.
Vivolo-Kantor AM, Seth P, Gladden RM, et al. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2018;67:279-285.
The opioid epidemic continues unabated in the United States. Although efforts such as the 2016 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guideline for opioid prescribing have raised awareness and changed practice, rates of opioid-related deaths are still rising. This study reports trends in emergency department visits for opioid overdose between July 2016 and September 2017. Researchers noted a nearly 30% increase in opioid overdose rates. Overdoses increased in all regions and most states, with the most prominent spikes noted in the West and Midwest. This sobering, high-quality, and timely data will inform initiatives to reduce high-risk prescribing, promote medication-assisted treatment, and improve secondary prevention of overdose. An Annual Perspective outlines strategies for mitigating opioid harms.
Weiss AJ, Elixhauser A, Barrett ML, Steiner CA, Bailey MK, O'Malley L. HCUP Statistical Brief #219. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; December 2016.
Opioids are known to be high-risk medications, and their misuse is an increasingly recognized patient safety problem. This data analysis from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project delineates trends in opioid-related hospitalizations by state between 2005 and 2014. Both hospital stays and emergency department visits related to opioids have been increasing every year, paralleling trends in opioid overdose deaths. There was substantial variation across states, and the overall rate of opioid-related inpatient stays was 225 per 100,000 population for 2014. These data underscore the need to improve the safety of opioid use to prevent morbidity and mortality.
Fingar KR, Barrett ML, Elixhauser A, Stocks C, Steiner CA. HCUP Statistical Brief #195. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; November 2015.
Defining preventability has become increasingly important due to its use as a measure for cost and reimbursement mechanisms. This report presents data on hospitalizations for conditions that might be averted through quality ambulatory care and reveals that preventable hospital stays decreased between 2005 and 2012.
Boonyasai RT, Ijagbemi OM, Pham JC, et al. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; December 2014. AHRQ Publication No. 14(15)-0067-EF.
This report analyzes the literature discussing emergency department discharge processes and highlights elements of high-quality discharges and risk factors for suboptimal discharges. The in-depth review summarizes interventions currently implemented to augment discharge procedures, care coordination, and the identification of patients more susceptible to poor discharge.
Washington, DC: Department of Veterans Affairs, Office of Inspector General; October 23, 2013. Report No. 13-00505-348.
Lucado J, Paez K, Elixhauser A. HCUP Statistical Brief #109. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; April 2011.
Tools/Toolkit > Fact Sheet/FAQs
Clancy CM. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; September 1, 2009.
This column offers advice for consumers on what personal health and medical information to prepare before going to the emergency department.
Grant > Government Resource
AHRQ Risk-informed Intervention Development and Implementation of Safe Practices in Ambulatory Care.
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; October 2008.
This AHRQ grantee announcement lists 13 projects funded to demonstrate effective strategies in identifying and addressing risks and in improving processes in ambulatory care.
PA-PSRS Patient Saf Advis. September 2008;5:75-80.
This article analyzed reports of medication errors due to patient allergies and found that lack of patient or drug information contributed to many of these errors.