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Search results for "Clinical Information Systems"
- Government Resource
- Clinical Information Systems
Notice of Intent to Publish Funding Opportunity Announcement to Improve Care Transitions Through the Use of Interoperable Health Information Technology (R01).
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; January 28, 2019. AHRQ Publication No. NOT-HS-19-009.
The introduction of information technology has transformed health care. This notice of intent from AHRQ announces an upcoming funding opportunity to support research exploring the adoption of interoperable information technologies to improve communication during transitions. The pending funding will help to refine and develop methods to assess implementation success.
Washington, DC: United States Government Accountability Office; January 2019. Publication GAO-19-197.
Record matching problems can have serious clinical impacts on patients. This report explores how to optimize demographic data integrity to improve patient record matching, as identifying information is increasingly integrated into shared record keeping systems. The investigation determined strategies to improve matching such as implementing standard data formats and disseminating best practices.
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Health Care Innovations Exchange. May 18, 2016.
Goals and Priorities for Health Care Organizations to Improve Safety Using Health IT. Revised Report.
Graber ML, Bailey R, Johnston D. RTI International; Washington, DC: US Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; 2016.
Schneider EC, Ridgely MS, Meeker D, Hunter LE, Khodyakov D, Rudin R. RAND Health. Washington, DC: Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; May 2014. RR-654-DHHSNCH.
This report evaluates the implementation of a quality improvement initiative designed to characterize, track, and mitigate adverse events related to health information technology (IT). Investigators sought to determine challenges to engaging in identifying and addressing safety risks related to health IT in 11 health care organizations, and this publication outlines experiences and lessons learned from participating institutions. The authors call for greater awareness of safety risks related to health IT, better cooperation between risk management and health IT departments, identification of safety measures for health IT, incentives for health IT developers and vendors to improve health IT safety, and increased investment in risk management, health IT, and safety in ambulatory settings. The recommendations in this report serve as a blueprint for future practice and policy efforts to augment safety in the era of electronic health records.
Washington, DC: Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology, Federal Communications Commission. Silver Spring, MD: Food and Drug Administration. April 2014.
While implementation of health information technology (IT) is widely recommended, research has raised the concern that it may lead to unintended consequences on patient safety. This draft report explores key recommendations for ensuring the safe use of health IT, such as the establishment of a "Health IT Safety Center" to test, disseminate, and promote assessment tools. The comment submission period is now closed.
Grant > Government Resource
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.
This Web site offers information on an initiative to enhance quality and safety in ambulatory care through health information technology.
Shekelle PG, Morton SC, Keeler EB. Evidence Report/Technology Assessment No. 132 (Prepared by the Southern California Evidence-based Practice Center under Contract No. 290-02-0003.) Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; April 2006. AHRQ Publication No. 06-E006.
The authors reviewed the literature on health information technology (HIT). They conclude that HIT may reduce pediatric medication errors, have the potential to improve safety and quality, and require more study to fully articulate the cost and implementation issues.
Tools/Toolkit > Government Resource
AHRQ Quality Indicators. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.
The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Prevention Quality Indicators use hospital admissions data to screen for potential quality lapses on conditions that generally don't require hospitalization if managed effectively at the primary care level.
Strategy on Reducing Regulatory and Administrative Burden Relating to the Use of Health IT and EHRs.
Washington, DC: Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology; November 28, 2018.
Clinician burnout is a persistent threat to patient safety, and electronic health records have been identified as a high-profile contributor to the problem. This call for public comments on a draft report seeks insights on specific goals and recommended strategies to address the issue. The approaches outlined focus on reducing the time burden associated with frontline electronic health record use. The option for submitting comments is closed.
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; April 2018. AHRQ Publication No. 18-0028-EF.
Health care has worked to enhance use of information technologies to improve efficiency and safety. This report highlights 151 AHRQ-funded projects focused on understanding how health care information technology can address clinician needs, support decision making, and increase patient access to electronic health records.
Audiovisual > Audiovisual Presentation
A National Web Conference on Improving Health IT Safety Through the Use of Natural Language Processing to Improve Accuracy of EHR Documentation.
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. February 7, 2017.
Lowry SZ, Ramaiah M, Prettyman SS, et al. Gaithersburg, MD: National Institute of Standards and Technology, United States Department of Commerce; January 19, 2017. NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR)-8166.
Copying and pasting information in electronic health records can introduce risks. This report discusses a human factors study of the phenomenon to determine how the practice affects information distribution. The authors conclude that the problem does exist, describe its impact on situational awareness, and provide recommendations to improve safety associated with the copy-and-paste function.
Electronically Generated Medication Administration and Electronic Medication Administration Records for the Prevention of Medication Transcription Errors: Review of Clinical Effectiveness and Safety.
Ottawa, ON: Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health; 2016.
Rider BB, Gaunt MJ, Grissinger M. PA-PSRS Patient Saf Advis. September 2016;13:81-91.
Rizk S, Oguntebi G, Graber ML, Johnston D. Research Triangle Park, NC: RTI International; 2016.
Standard term selection tools—like pick lists or drop-down menus—in information technology can create opportunities for user error due to human factors. This publication explores how mistakes such as selecting the wrong drug from an ordering pick list can occur in the ambulatory environment. The report includes recommendations and resources to help enhance medication safety when using these tools.
Web Resource > Government Resource
Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology.
Overdoses of opioid medications are considered an epidemic in the United States. This website provides access to various resources for hospitals and clinicians to help them address this patient safety concern. Sections include guidelines, clinical decision support, electronic prescribing, and prescription drug monitoring programs.
Computerized Prescriber Order Entry Medication Safety (CPOEMS): Uncovering and Learning From Issues and Errors.
Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Partners HealthCare. Silver Spring, MD: US Food and Drug Administration; December 15, 2015.
Electronic prescribing, considered an opportunity to reduce medication errors, has been linked to problems unique to technology use. This white paper discusses the results of a multi-hospital effort to develop a process and tools to collect and analyze data related to search, display, and workflow issues associated with computerized provider order entry. The authors offer recommendations to enhance the safety of electronic prescribing, including standardizing drug names, minimizing the number of alerts, and designing better search functions.
Technical Evaluation, Testing, and Validation of the Usability of Electronic Health Records: Empirically Based Use Cases for Validating Safety-Enhanced Usability and Guidelines for Standardization.
Lowry SZ, Ramaiah M, Taylor S, et al. Gaithersburg, MD: US Department of Commerce, National Institute of Standards and Technology; October 2015. NISTIR 7804-1.
Unintended consequences associated with usability of electronic health record (EHR) systems have the potential to negatively affect patient safety. This report outlines standards to enhance safety-related usability of EHRs by identifying root causes of use errors and addressing these weaknesses through human factors design.
Audiovisual > Audiovisual Presentation
Achieving the Promise of Health Information Technology: Improving Care Through Patient Access to Their Records.
Full Committee Hearing. US Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor and Pensions (September 16, 2015) (testimony of Raj Ratwani, PhD; Kathy Giusti, MBA; Eric Dishman).
Enabling patients to access their medical records has been found to enhance patient–clinician communication and uncover errors. This hearing explored the importance of providing patient access to personal health information to improve care. Testimonies discussed the need to have one integrated patient record and to design patient portals around human factors approaches to augment usability.