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- United States of America
Search results for "Governmental Reporting"
AHRQ National Scorecard on Hospital-Acquired Conditions Updated Baseline Rates and Preliminary Results 2014–2017.
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; January 2019.
Hospital-acquired conditions (HACs) represent a significant source of preventable harm to patients. The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services financially penalizes hospitals with increased numbers of HACs through the Hospital-Acquired Condition Reduction Program. This policy of nonpayment has prompted hospitals to focus significant resources on preventing HACs. This AHRQ report found a reduction in HACs from 99 per 1000 acute care discharges to 86 per 1000 discharges between 2014 and 2017, representing a decrease in 910,000 HACs and savings of $7.7 billion. Declines in certain HACs such as adverse drug events and Clostridium difficile infections were noted to be more significant as compared to others. A past WebM&M commentary highlighted the clinical significance of HACs and described an incident involving a patient who developed a pressure ulcer while in the hospital.
Defense Health Agency Should Improve Tracking of Serious Adverse Medical Events and Monitoring of Required Follow-up.
Washington, DC: United States Government Accountability Office; April 2018. Publication GAO-18-378.
Adverse event reporting is an important step toward failure reduction. However, weaknesses in feedback, follow-up, and action resulting from incident reports diminish their impact on safety. This publication analyzed reporting activity and action in the Defense Health Agency. The resulting recommendations suggest the need to improve tracking of incident reports and for clarifying reporting requirements.
Washington, DC: Department of Veterans Affairs, Office of Inspector General. March 7, 2018. Report No. 17-02644-130.
Systemic weaknesses in the Veterans Affairs health system have resulted in high-profile failures. Highlighting concerns at one medical center that were found to contribute to opportunities for waste, fraud, and poor health care delivery, this report by the Office of Inspector General outlines 40 recommendations to address deficiencies.
Improved Policies and Oversight Needed for Reviewing and Reporting Providers for Quality and Safety Concerns.
Washington, DC: United States Government Accountability Office; November 2017. Publication GAO-18-63.
Tracking concerns related to individual clinician performance has the potential to uncover opportunities for clinician skill and system safety enhancements. This report highlights weaknesses in the peer reporting processes of Veterans Affairs medical centers and offers recommendations to improve the quality and timeliness of reporting to ensure safety of patients in the VA system.
Avery L, Bennett R, Brinsley-Rainisch K, et al. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; October 9, 2018.
Wright S. Washington, DC: US Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Inspector General; July 2012. Report No. OEI-06-09-00092.
This report built on earlier research to examine rates of adverse events reported to state-level reporting systems compared with hospital data. It found that, even in states with required hospital reporting of adverse events, only about one in nine events is reported to the state. Because few of the events were found in each hospital's incident reporting system, the investigators concluded that the low rate of reporting was likely due to hospital failure to identify events rather than hospitals failing to report known events.
Lucado J, Paez K, Elixhauser A. HCUP Statistical Brief #109. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; April 2011.
Levinson DR. Washington, DC: US Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Inspector General; December 2008. Report No. OEI-06-07-00471.
The Tax Relief and Health Care Act of 2006 mandated that the Office of Inspector General (OIG) report to Congress a series of analyses with the first related to understanding the issues around hospital-based adverse events. This related and simultaneously released report identifies and describes state reporting systems and how they utilize the captured information. The report concludes that as of January 2008, 26 states had reporting systems in place, 23 states used the data to hold individual hospitals accountable, and 18 states reported using the data to promote learning and develop prevention strategies. A past AHRQ WebM&M perspective discusses the role of state reporting systems in advancing patient safety.
Health-Care-Associated Infections in Hospitals: An Overview of State Reporting Programs and Individual Hospital Initiatives to Reduce Certain Infections.
Washington, DC: United States Government Accountability Office; September 2008. Publication GAO-08-808.
This report describes state reporting programs for health care–associated infection (HAI), hospital initiatives to reduce MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus), and challenges encountered in HAI reduction.
Office of the Inspector General. Washington, DC: US Department of Health and Human Services; September 2006. Report No. OEI-09-04-00350.
This report presents findings from an investigation into the reporting of and response to restraint and seclusion-related deaths.
VA Health Care: Selected Credentialing Requirements at Seven Medical Facilities Met, but an Aspect of Privileging Process Needs Improvement.
Washington, DC: United States Government Accountability Office; May 2006. Publication GAO-06-648.
This report reviews findings from a federal inspection indicating that Veterans Affairs (VA) facilities, while complying with basic credentialing policies, are not routinely submitting malpractice data as required to be used by the VA to inform privileging determinations.
Silver Spring, MD: US Food and Drug Administration; April 2018.
Reliable use of medical devices is an important contributor to safe health care delivery. This report describes the US Food and Drug Administration's plan to raise awareness of problems with devices in the field, develop new devices with better safety and cybersecurity protections, and enhance innovation and the product life cycle through regulation.
Preventable tragedies: superbugs and how ineffective monitoring of medical device safety fails patients.
US Senate Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions Committee. January 13, 2016.
Insufficient sterilization of duodenoscopes and other medical equipment has been linked to health care–associated infection outbreaks. This report summarizes findings from a government investigation into existing methods for monitoring and reporting device problems and provides recommendations for Congress, hospitals, and the Food and Drug Administration to augment identification and prevention of safety issues associated with medical devices.
Technical Evaluation, Testing, and Validation of the Usability of Electronic Health Records: Empirically Based Use Cases for Validating Safety-Enhanced Usability and Guidelines for Standardization.
Lowry SZ, Ramaiah M, Taylor S, et al. Gaithersburg, MD: US Department of Commerce, National Institute of Standards and Technology; October 2015. NISTIR 7804-1.
Unintended consequences associated with usability of electronic health record (EHR) systems have the potential to negatively affect patient safety. This report outlines standards to enhance safety-related usability of EHRs by identifying root causes of use errors and addressing these weaknesses through human factors design.
Levinson DR. Washington, DC: US Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Inspector General; January 2015. Report No. OEI-01-13-00400.
A widely-reported meningitis outbreak in the United States uncovered quality and safety issues associated with the use of compounded sterile preparations. This publication describes an analysis of five accreditation organizations and their ability to provide oversight and inspection of Medicare hospitals that contract with compounding entities. The authors offer recommendations to help hospitals determine if their compounded sterile preparations contracts ensure products are prepared safely for use, including targeted training for surveyors related to compounding and improved contracting processes.
Healthcare Inspection: Evaluation of the Veterans Health Administration's National Consult Delay Review and Associated Fact Sheet.
Daigh JD Jr. Washington, DC: VA Office of the Inspector General; December 15, 2014. Report No. 14-04705-62.
Misrepresentation of findings, either by accident or design, can result in ineffective use of resources and poor decision-making. This investigation found inconsistencies in the information reported by the Veterans Health Administration in the widely-publicized analysis discussing weaknesses in the organization that resulted in delayed care. The author calls for the assessment to be revisited to ensure conclusions and work toward improvement are verifiable to augment the safety and timeliness of care provided to veterans.
Wright S. Washington, DC: US Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Inspector General; January 5, 2010. Report No. OEI-06-09-00360.
Falls Church, VA: TRICARE Management Activity, Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense; 2006.
Office of the Inspector General. Washington, DC: US Department of Health and Human Services; August 2006. Report No. OEI-06-05-00060.
This report shares findings from an inspection of the FDA's National Drug Code Directory, which found that the directory is both incomplete and inaccurate in its listings of marketed prescription medications.