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- WebM&M Cases 3
- Perspectives on Safety 2
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- Study 4
- Audiovisual 12
- Book/Report 5
- Newspaper/Magazine Article 49
- Toolkit 1
- Web Resource 13
- Press Release/Announcement 5
- Communication Improvement 28
- Culture of Safety 5
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- Error Reporting and Analysis 18
- Human Factors Engineering 17
- Legal and Policy Approaches 30
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- Quality Improvement Strategies 18
- Specialization of Care 1
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- Transparency and Accountability 1
- Alert fatigue 1
- Device-related Complications 12
- Diagnostic Errors 7
- Discontinuities, Gaps, and Hand-Off Problems 9
- Drug shortages 2
- Failure to rescue 1
- Fatigue and Sleep Deprivation 3
- Identification Errors 3
- Medical Complications 10
- Medication Errors/Preventable Adverse Drug Events 15
- Nonsurgical Procedural Complications 3
- Overtreatment 1
- Psychological and Social Complications 14
- Surgical Complications 5
- Transfusion Complications 1
- Internal Medicine 23
- Nursing 6
- Pharmacy 10
- Family Members and Caregivers 9
- Health Care Executives and Administrators 30
Health Care Providers
- Nurses 5
- Physicians 11
Non-Health Care Professionals
- Media 3
Search results for "Latent Errors"
- Latent Errors
Rice S. Mod Healthc. 2014;44:16-18, 20.
Language barriers can lead to misunderstandings that increase risks of error. This magazine article highlights the frequent reliance on families, friends, and other nonprofessionals as translators in medical settings and discusses how lack of standards and insufficient reporting of errors related to interpreters, along with challenges to implementing programs, hinder progress in improving communication with non-English speaking patients.
Weber T, Ornstein C. Los Angeles Times. April 12, 2005.
This article reports on a death that occurred at the Martin Luther King Jr./Drew Medical Center after a patient's deteriorating vitals signs went unnoticed.
Journal Article > Study
Shen C, Nguyen M, Gregor A, Isaza G, Beattie A. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2019;137:690-692.
This study entered 42 validated clinical vignettes for eye diseases into an online symptom checker. As with prior studies, the performance of the online symptom checker in producing the correct diagnosis was suboptimal. The authors suggest that current performance of symptom checkers is not sufficient for timely and accurate diagnosis of ophthalmologic conditions.
FDA identifies harm reported from sudden discontinuation of opioid pain medicines and requires label changes to guide prescribers on gradual, individualized tapering.
Silver Spring, MD: US Food and Drug Administration; April 9, 2019.
Efforts to address the opioid epidemic range from regulation to changes in pain management. This safety announcement raises awareness of potential harms associated with rapidly decreasing the dose of or discontinuing opioids for patients who may be physically dependent on the medication. It also announces a requirement regarding changes to prescribing information for opioids to provide expanded guidance on how to safely taper doses. Health care providers should discuss tapering plans with patients and provide ongoing monitoring and support.
Schulte F, Fry E. Kaiser Health News, Fortune Magazine. March 18, 2019.
Despite years of investment and government support, electronic health records (EHR) continue to face challenges as a patient safety strategy. This news article outlines the unintended consequences of EHR implementation, including patient harm linked to software glitches and user errors, fraudulent behavior (upcoding), interoperability problems, clinician burnout due to poorly designed digital health records, and lack of industry transparency.
Dickson EJ. Rolling Stone. March 9, 2019.
Unintended consequences of restrictions enacted to combat the opioid crisis are a concern for patients and prescribers. This magazine article reports on an effort to raise awareness of the potential for patient harm due to lack of legitimate access to opioids for chronic pain as a result of the 2016 CDC opioid prescribing guidelines.
Mohr H, Weiss M. Associated Press. November 27, 2018.
FDA Safety Communication: use caution with implanted pumps for intrathecal administration of medicines for pain management.
MedWatch Safety Alert. Silver Spring, MD: US Food and Drug Administration; November 14, 2018.
This safety announcement raises awareness of pump failures, dosing errors, and other potential safety issues associated with implanted pumps. Recommendations to enhance safety include review of medication labeling to select appropriate medicines and concentrations as well as open discussions with patients about risks associated with pump and medication options.
DeMarco P. Globe Magazine. November 3, 2018.
This magazine article reports on the preventable death of a patient during an acute asthma attack. Written by the patient's husband, the article outlines the failures that led to her death despite the fact that she was at the door of a hospital emergency department and on the phone with an emergency dispatcher. Factors discussed include overreliance on poorly functioning technology, communication failures, and lack of fail-safes.
Gawande A. New Yorker. November 12, 2018.
In this magazine article, Atul Gawande describes a range of frustrations physicians experience as digitization becomes more widespread in health care. He elaborates upon several elements of electronic health record use that can degrade care processes and create conditions for errors, such as burnout, lack of patient-centeredness, and alert fatigue.
Tools/Toolkit > Fact Sheet/FAQs
Horsham, PA: Institute for Safe Medication Practices; 2018.
This set of leaflets provides patients with information about taking high-alert medications safely.
Journal Article > Study
Patient groups, clinicians and healthcare professionals agree—all test results need to be seen, understood and followed up.
Dahm MR, Georgiou A, Herkes R, et al. Diagnosis (Berl). 2018;5:215-222.
Inadequate test result follow-up places patients at risk of delayed diagnosis, especially in the ambulatory setting. Diverse stakeholders in Australia established an agenda for enhancing test result management, which included better governance, improved use of technology, and consistent patient engagement. A WebM&M commentary explored two incidents where poor test result follow-up led to patient harm.
Landro L. Wall Street Journal. August. 8, 2016.
First-year residents may be reluctant to ask for assistance due to factors such as peer pressure to demonstrate competency. This newspaper article reports on one hospital's strategy to enhance communication among residents and attendings, which encourages residents to ask questions of senior clinicians who are coached to welcome learning conversations.
Journal Article > Study
Shiffman S, Cotton H, Jessurun C, Rohay JM, Sembower MA. J Am Pharm Assoc (2003). 2016;56:495-503.
Poor health literacy is associated with the misunderstanding of medication labels, which can lead to adverse drug events. This study sought to assess how adding an acetaminophen icon to the labels of acetaminophen-containing medications affects consumers' ability to avoid unintentional overdose, which is known to cause liver damage. Investigators found that presence of the icon reduced the likelihood of medication errors by 53%, and they concluded that the icon may particularly benefit those with lower health literacy. A past WebM&M commentary discussed a case of liver injury caused by incorrect dosing of acetaminophen.
Robbins A. Good Housekeeping. May 20, 2016.
Disruptive behaviors are receiving increased attention as a cultural factor that contributes to medical error. Although much of the focus has been on physicians, the presence of bullying among nurses is also a concern. This magazine article explores nurse behaviors such as withholding information, intimidation, and name calling that negatively affect patient safety and nurse retention.
Olson J. Star Tribune. February 9, 2015.
Langewiesche W. Vanity Fair. October 2014.
This magazine article provides a breakdown of the failures that contributed to an airplane crash, including how increasing automation in piloting airplanes can diminish human performance, the reluctance to speak up due to hierarchy, lack of preparedness in the face of malfunctioning technology, and poor decision-making. Many of these concerns have been raised in relation to health care safety.
Journal Article > Study
Family participation during intensive care unit rounds: goals and expectations of parents and health care providers in a tertiary pediatric intensive care unit.
Stickney CA, Ziniel SI, Brett MS, Truog RD. J Pediatr. 2014;165:1245-1251.
In this study, health care providers and parents of children in a pediatric intensive care unit described their perceptions of family involvement in morning rounds. Although parents were overwhelmingly enthusiastic about being included in rounds, providers expressed some concerns and potential drawbacks, such as the avoidance of discussing uncomfortable topics due to presence of family.
Kimmelman M. New York Times. August 21, 2014.
This newspaper article reports on how design solutions for hospitals, such as rooms modeled for single patients with sinks placed in plain sight, handrails linking the bedside to the bathroom, and large windows with natural light and an outdoor view, can augment patient satisfaction and safety.
Silver Spring, MD: US Food and Drug Administration. Office of Women's Health and National Association of Chain Drug Stores.
This toolkit offers tips for patients to prevent adverse drug events and provides a way to record important medication information such as a list of allergies, prescriptions, dosages, and conditions being treated.