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- Communication Improvement 2
- Education and Training 7
- Error Reporting and Analysis 6
- Human Factors Engineering 8
- Legal and Policy Approaches 1
- Quality Improvement Strategies 1
- Research Directions 1
- Technologic Approaches 3
- Device-related Complications 6
- Medical Complications 2
- Medication Errors/Preventable Adverse Drug Events 6
- MRI safety 1
- Surgical Complications 6
Search results for "Food and Drug Administration (FDA)"
- Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
Computerized Prescriber Order Entry Medication Safety (CPOEMS): Uncovering and Learning From Issues and Errors.
Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Partners HealthCare. Silver Spring, MD: US Food and Drug Administration; December 15, 2015.
Electronic prescribing, considered an opportunity to reduce medication errors, has been linked to problems unique to technology use. This white paper discusses the results of a multi-hospital effort to develop a process and tools to collect and analyze data related to search, display, and workflow issues associated with computerized provider order entry. The authors offer recommendations to enhance the safety of electronic prescribing, including standardizing drug names, minimizing the number of alerts, and designing better search functions.
US Food and Drug Administration. March 8, 2019.
Errors of commission during complex procedures can contribute to patient harm. Drawing from an analysis of medical device reports submitted to the Food and Drug Administration, this announcement seeks to raise awareness of common adverse events associated with surgical staplers and implantable staples. User-related problems include opening of the staple line, misapplied staples, and staple gun difficulties. Recommendations include ensuring availability of various staple sizes and avoiding use of staples on large blood vessels.
FDA Safety Communication: caution when using robotically-assisted surgical devices in women's health including mastectomy and other cancer-related surgeries.
MedWatch Safety Alert. Silver Spring, MD: US Food and Drug Administration; February 28, 2019.
This announcement seeks to raise awareness of the potential risks associated with the use of robotic-assisted surgical devices in mastectomies or cancer-related care. Recommendations for patients who may seek to have robotically assisted surgery include asking about their surgeon's experience with these procedures and discussing benefits, risks, and alternatives regarding available treatment options with their health care provider. Suggestions for health care providers include completing specialized training on procedures they perform. A WebM&M commentary described the challenges and benefits associated with robotic surgery.
Journal Article > Study
Magill SS, O'Leary E, Janelle SJ, et al; Emerging Infections Program Hospital Prevalence Survey Team. N Engl J Med. 2018;379:1732-1744.
Health care–associated infections (HAIs) are a key cause of preventable harm in hospitals. Successful programs to avert HAIs include the comprehensive unit-based safety program to reduce catheter-related bloodstream infections and the AHRQ Safety Program for Surgery to prevent surgical site infections. This survey of 12,299 patients at 199 hospitals on a single day enabled researchers to estimate the prevalence of HAIs in the United States. In 2015, 3.2% of hospitalized patients experienced an HAI, a 16% decrease compared to a similarly derived estimate in 2011. The most common HAIs were pneumonia and Clostridium difficile infections, while the biggest reductions were in urinary tract and surgical site infections. This data emphasizes the importance of identifying strategies to combat pneumonia in nonventilated patients, which remains common and less well-studied than other HAIs. A past PSNet perspective discussed the history around efforts to address preventable HAIs, including federal initiatives.
MedWatch Safety Alert. Silver Spring, MD: US Food and Drug Administration. May 29, 2018.
Surgical fires can result in patient harm. This announcement provides information about causes of surgical fires and reviews FDA recommendations to prevent them, such as presurgery fire risk assessment, promoting team communication, and fire management planning. A WebM&M commentary discussed common sources of operating room fires and how to reduce risks.
Implantable infusion pumps in the magnetic resonance (MR) environment: FDA safety communication—important safety precautions.
MedWatch Safety Alert. Silver Spring, MD: US Food and Drug Administration; January 11, 2017.
Hazards in the magnetic resonance imaging environment can result in patient harm. This announcement raises awareness of inaccuracies and disruptions that may affect the safety of patients with implantable infusion devices who undergo an MRI exam. The statement recommends that patients inform their care team and carry an implant card with information about the implanted device to prevent these problems.
Journal Article > Study
Effect of US Drug Enforcement Administration's rescheduling of hydrocodone combination analgesic products on opioid analgesic prescribing.
Jones CM, Lurie PG, Throckmorton DC. JAMA Intern Med. 2016;176:399-402.
Improving the safety associated with opioid use is a major health policy priority. Investigators found that drug scheduling changes imposed by the US Drug Enforcement Administration (including tighter prescribing standards and prohibiting refills) led to major reductions in the prescribing and dispensing of hydrocodone combination analgesic products.
FDA Safety Communication. Silver Spring, MD: US Food and Drug Administration; September 17, 2015.
Use of incompletely cleaned medical devices has been linked to health care–associated infections. Drawing from reports submitted to the FDA regarding infections related to reprocessed flexible bronchoscopes, this announcement offers recommendations to enhance the reliability of scope sterilization methods.
Web Resource > Multi-use Website
Council on Surgical & Perioperative Safety.
This initiative provides information on surgical fires and makes recommendations to address the risk of fires during surgery.
FDA cautions about dose confusion and medication errors for antibacterial drug Zerbaxa (ceftolozane and tazobactam).
FDA Safety Communication. Silver Spring, MD: US Food and Drug Administration; May 20, 2015.
Design of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) duodenoscopes may impede effective cleaning.
FDA Safety Communication. Silver Spring, MD: US Food and Drug Administration; February 23, 2015.
Design limitations and production pressure may contribute to insufficient sterilization of complicated medical devices between uses. This announcement raises awareness of risks associated with inadequate cleaning of duodenoscopes that surfaced after a cluster of nosocomial infections at Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center.
Legislation/Regulation > Government Resource
Safety considerations to mitigate the risks of misconnections with small-bore connectors intended for enteral applications.
Rockville, MD: Center for Devices and Radiological Health, US Food and Drug Administration; February 11, 2015.
Tavernise S. New York Times. January 15, 2015.
This newspaper article discusses an investigation into how a saline solution that had been manufactured specifically for training purposes was inadvertently distributed and used for actual care and led to patient harm and death.
Tools/Toolkit > Fact Sheet/FAQs
Silver Spring, MD: United States Food and Drug Administration; October 31, 2014.
Studies have shown that pharmacist involvement can prevent medication errors. To help patients take their medications safely, this consumer update discusses pharmacists as participants in a government drug information center and reveals the top five questions submitted along with their corresponding answers.
MedWatch Safety Alert. Silver Spring, MD: US Food and Drug Administration; December 6, 2012.
Codeine use in certain children after tonsillectomy and/or adenoidectomy may lead to rare, but life-threatening adverse events or death.
MedWatch Safety Alert. Silver Spring, MD: US Food and Drug Administration; August 15, 2012.
This announcement reveals risks associated with administering codeine after a common pediatric procedure.
Web Resource > Multi-use Website
Food and Drug Administration and the International Anesthesia Research Society.
This Web site hosts advice, news, events, and interviews related to anesthetic medication safety for pediatric patients.
New dosing recommendations to prevent potential Valcyte (valganciclovir) overdose in pediatric transplant patients.
MedWatch Safety Alert. Silver Spring, MD: US Food and Drug Administration; September 15, 2010.
This announcement describes revised dosing recommendations designed to prevent overdosing immunocompromised pediatric patients.
MedWatch Safety Alert, FDA Drug Safety Communication. Silver Spring, MD: US Food and Drug Administration; August 2, 2010.
This announcement reports on numerous errors in which an oral medication, nimodipine, was administered intravenously and describes how such errors occur.
MedWatch Safety Alert. Silver Spring, MD: US Food and Drug Administration; December 9, 2008.
This announcement recalls a particular lot of injectable potassium chloride solution due to incorrect barcode labeling, which could result in medication errors.