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Journal Article > Study
The business case for quality: economic analysis of the Michigan Keystone Patient Safety Program in ICUs.
Waters HR, Korn R Jr, Colantuoni E, et al. Am J Med Qual. 2011;26:333-339.
One of the seminal achievements in the patient safety field, the Keystone ICU project accomplished impressive short-term and long-term reductions in health care–associated infections in Michigan ICUs by implementing checklists and improving safety culture. This follow-up study also demonstrates the cost-effectiveness of the program, as the money saved by preventing infections greatly outweighed the cost of the intervention itself. Substantiating the business case for quality in this fashion will further stimulate wide dissemination of proven safety interventions.
Journal Article > Study
Naessens J, Campbell CR, Shah N, et al. Am J Med Qual. 2012;27:48-57.
The epidemiology of adverse events on a population basis has been well studied, but how these data translate to risks for individual patients is not as clear. The likelihood of suffering an adverse event is directly tied to length of hospitalization, and this study sought to evaluate a complementary question: whether patients who are more severely ill at admission are at increased risk of preventable harm. By linking adverse event data from various sources—including Patient Safety Indicators, voluntary error reports, and infection control reports—to clinical databases, the authors were able to show that higher illness severity is associated with an increased risk of adverse events during hospitalization. These findings are supported by the fact that intensive care unit patients have consistently been shown to experience more adverse events. An AHRQ WebM&M commentary discusses a case of a medication error occurring in an acutely ill patient with multiple underlying comorbidities.
The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. September 23, 2008.
Through his work, Peter Pronovost, a critical care physician and professor at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, has inspired culture change by devising evidence-based clinical practices that save lives and improve patient safety. The MacArthur Foundation has selected him as a 2008 Fellow and recipient of a $500,000 "genius grant."