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Search results for ""
Meeting/Conference > Government Resource
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. November 6, 2018; 1:00–2:00 PM (Eastern).
This webinar will share the experience of a large health system with implementing TeamSTEPPS concepts into their primary care network. Techniques supporting their success include training of clinical and nonclinical staff, engaging leadership, and planning for sustainability.
Tools/Toolkit > Government Resource
Itasca, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics; 2018.
Diagnostic error prevention in primary care is a persistent challenge. This AHRQ-funded toolkit provides guidance for ambulatory care organizations that seek to improve the reliability of diagnosis in children. The material focuses on tactics to enhance how practices recognize, track, and follow up on adolescent depression, pediatric elevated blood pressure, and actionable laboratory results.
Tools/Toolkit > Fact Sheet/FAQs
Gray D, Azam I. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; October 2018. AHRQ Publication No. 18(19)-0033-4-EF.
The National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports review analysis specific to tracking patient safety challenges and improvements in areas of focus such as hospital-acquired infections. The most recent update documented more than two-thirds improvement in patient safety measures tracked. This set of tools includes summaries drawn from the reports for use in presentations to enhance distribution and application of the data.
Differences in strength expression on product labels of compounders and conventional manufacturers may lead to dosing errors.
Silver Spring, MD: US Food and Drug Administration; September 29, 2018.
Web Resource > Government Resource
QualityNet. Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services.
Eliminating hospital-acquired harm requires policy, organizational, and individual approaches to motivate the necessary changes. This website provides information and data collected from a Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services financial incentive program reducing reimbursements to hospitals with elevated rates of hospital-acquired conditions.
Opioid-Related Inpatient Stays and Emergency Department Visits Among Patients Aged 65 Years and Older, 2010 and 2015.
Weiss AJ, Heslin KC, Barrett ML, Izar R, Bierman IR. HCUP Statistical Brief #244. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; September 2018.
Polypharmacy, chronic conditions, and mental health needs can contribute to misuse of opioids. This data analysis from the AHRQ Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project found that opioid-related hospitalizations and emergency room visits for older Americans increased substantially between 2010 and 2015.
Audiovisual > Audiovisual Presentation
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. July 25, 2018.
Tracking the intersection of organizational culture with health information technology use can inform patient safety improvement efforts. This webinar introduced supplemental items to the AHRQ Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture and discussed the results of a pilot project integrating the items into assessment efforts. Featured speakers included Dr. Jeff Brady and Dr. Tejal Gandhi.
Washington, DC: United States Government Accountability Office; July 2018. Publication GAO-18-137.
Both organizational and individual accountability are required to ensure safe care. This analysis of Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) responses to whistle-blower concerns and reports of staff misconduct found that the VA has procedures for investigating these allegations but determined that the process was unreliable. The report outlines recommendations for improvement including ensuring whistle-blowers are treated fairly and assigning responsibilities across the hierarchy to ensure incidents receive the appropriate attention.
London, UK: Royal College of Physicians; 2018. ISBN: 9781860167270.
Lack of appropriate staffing can diminish the safety and effectiveness of medical services. This report explored staffing levels in United Kingdom trusts for three tiers of expertise and found them to be inadequate across the system. The paper provides recommendations for staffing decisions for individual organizations and emphasizes the need for improved focus on care provision during routine working hours to support a healthy work force and safe patient care.
Hoffman RM, Mirarchi FL. PA-PSRS Patient Saf Advis. June 2018;15.
Patient harm associated with advance directive interpretation errors is rare, but these mistakes can have negative psychological consequences for care teams, patients, and families. Discussing research exploring factors that contribute to these misunderstandings, this article recommends actions to help patients articulate end-of-life care preferences and ensure those instructions are accurately shared with their families and the clinical teams acting on their behalf.
Williams N. Department of Health and Social Care. London, England: Crown Copyright; 2018.
Accountability for errors and organizational assessment of failures affect incident reporting. This policy review explores how potential legal ramifications stemming from investigations of negligence can hinder improvement efforts and outlines recommendations to support safety culture in health care.
AHRQ National Scorecard on Hospital-Acquired Conditions Updated Baseline Rates and Preliminary Results 2014–2016.
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; June 2018.
Reducing hospital-acquired conditions (HACs) such as health care-associated infections has been a major focus of quality improvement efforts, motivated in part by Medicare nonpayment and reporting. According to the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), HAC rates decreased by just over 20% between 2010 and 2015. In this report, AHRQ estimates that between 2014 and 2016, HAC reduction efforts resulted in an 8% decrease in events, $2.9 billion dollars in savings, and the prevention of about 8,000 deaths. While infections and adverse drug events decreased, pressure ulcers increased and represent an opportunity for further improvement. Overall, this report suggests that HAC reduction efforts continue to be successful.
Keen J, Nicklin E, Long A, et al. Health Services and Delivery Research. Southampton, UK: NIHR Journals Library; 2018.
The National Health Service (NHS) is a global leader in patient safety improvement. This report reviews the results of a study that explored whether staff had access to information needed to prevent errors. Clinicians in four acute NHS hospitals were surveyed to assess how information is used by nurses, staff, and senior hospital managers. The report concluded that robust access to patient information improved care and proactive risk management activities.
Gosport Independent Panel. London, England: Crown Copyright; 2018. ISBN: 9781528604062.
Organizational culture influences how comfortable individuals are with raising awareness of conditions that diminish patient safety. This independent inquiry report provides case studies and a detailed analysis of conditions that hindered nurses and families from acquiring answers about care concerns. The analysis determined factors such as hierarchy and poor physician regard for nursing expertise as persistent challenges to safety in health care.
MedWatch Safety Alert. Silver Spring, MD: US Food and Drug Administration. May 29, 2018.
Surgical fires can result in patient harm. This announcement provides information about causes of surgical fires and reviews FDA recommendations to prevent them, such as presurgery fire risk assessment, promoting team communication, and fire management planning. A WebM&M commentary discussed common sources of operating room fires and how to reduce risks.
Progress Made Towards Improving Opioid Safety, But Further Efforts to Assess Progress and Reduce Risk Are Needed.
Washington, DC: United States Government Accountability Office; May 2018. Publication GAO-18-380.
Ineffectively prescribed opioids contribute to opioid misuse and overdose among patients. This report analyzed activities at five Veterans Health Administration facilities and found inconsistent application of opioid safety strategies in the system. System-level recommendations to enhance practice include cross-system tracking efforts with defined goals and establishing a pain management leadership role at each facility.
Tools/Toolkit > Government Resource
National Health Service.
Data surveillance and transparency are core to measuring and informing improvement efforts. This website provides detailed data that links ambulatory care prescribing activity to National Health Service hospitalizations in an effort to clarify potential adverse medication events. The dashboard launched tracking gastrointestinal bleeding as an indicator of a medication-related adverse result and will expand to other indicators and conditions over time.
Bethesda, MD: Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health. May 21, 2018. PA-18-790; PA-18-791.
Drug Enforcement Administration. April 28, 2018.
Removing unused medications from the home can help prevent accidental exposure to unneeded medications and limit their availability for misuse. This annual program provides patients with an opportunity to discard medications safely. The sponsors also provide education to highlight the importance of appropriate disposal of unused prescription drugs as a medication safety activity.
Defense Health Agency Should Improve Tracking of Serious Adverse Medical Events and Monitoring of Required Follow-up.
Washington, DC: United States Government Accountability Office; April 2018. Publication GAO-18-378.
Adverse event reporting is an important step toward failure reduction. However, weaknesses in feedback, follow-up, and action resulting from incident reports diminish their impact on safety. This publication analyzed reporting activity and action in the Defense Health Agency. The resulting recommendations suggest the need to improve tracking of incident reports and for clarifying reporting requirements.