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Journal Article > Commentary
Shepperd JR. J Healthc Risk Manag. 2017;37:17-22.
Surgical fires are considered a never event. This commentary provides an overview of surgical fires, explains elements of the operating room environment that increase risks, and reviews legal responses for when such incidents occur. A past WebM&M commentary discussed operating room fires and strategies to prevent them.
Perspectives on Safety > Annual Perspective
with commentary by Sumant Ranji, MD, 2016
The toll of medical errors is often expressed in terms of mortality attributable to patient safety problems. In 2016, there was considerable debate regarding the number of patients who die due to medical errors. This Annual Perspective explores the methodological approaches to estimating mortality attributable to preventable adverse events and discusses the benefits and limitations of existing approaches.
Journal Article > Study
A quality improvement initiative to reduce safety events among adolescents hospitalized after a suicide attempt.
Noelck M, Velazquez-Campbell M, Austin JP. Hosp Pediatr. 2019;9:365-372.
Patient Safety Primers
Falls are a common source of patient harm in hospitals, and are considered a never event when they result in serious injury. Fall prevention requires a coordinated, multidisciplinary approach that entails individualized risk assessment and preventive interventions.
Journal Article > Review
Cohen R, Ning S, Yan MTS, Callum J. Transfus Med Rev. 2019:33:78-83.
Inaccurate patient registration can result in information gaps that contribute to delay, misunderstandings, and harm. This review discusses registration errors in the blood transfusion process. The authors discuss how problems can occur during various stages in the transfusion process and result in blood-type discrepancies. They suggest improved reporting of identification mistakes and use of photo identification tools as strategies to prevent patient harm associated with registration errors.
Journal Article > Study
Death by suicide within 1 week of hospital discharge: a retrospective study of root cause analysis reports.
Riblet N, Shiner B, Watts BV, Mills P, Rusch B, Hemphill RR. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2017;205:436-442.
This review of root cause analysis reports about suicide within 7 days of discharge from inpatient mental health facilities determined that most cases of suicide occurred prior to scheduled outpatient postdischarge follow-up. Many patients who went on to die by suicide left against medical advice but did not meet criteria to be held against their wishes, highlighting the conflict between safety and patient autonomy.
National Scorecard on Rates of Hospital-Acquired Conditions 2010 to 2015: Interim Data From National Efforts to Make Health Care Safer.
Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; December 2016.
Medicare nonpayment and reporting requirements have stimulated health care organizations to focus on reducing hospital-acquired conditions (HACs) such as health care–associated infections and never events. The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality regularly tracks HAC rates, including rates of adverse drug events, catheter-associated urinary tract infections, central line–associated bloodstream infections, falls, obstetric adverse events, pressure ulcers, surgical site infections, ventilator-associated pneumonias, and postoperative venous thromboembolisms. According to data from the AHRQ National Scorecard, HACs have decreased by 21% between 2010 and 2015. This represents a total of 3.1 million fewer HACs contracted by hospitalized patients over 5 years, saving an estimated 125,000 lives and $28 billion. These findings represent substantial progress and support the success of incentives designed to eliminate HACs as a source of patient harm.