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- Communication Improvement
- Education and Training 3
- Error Reporting and Analysis 2
- Human Factors Engineering 3
- Legal and Policy Approaches 4
- Quality Improvement Strategies 1
- Technologic Approaches 1
Search results for "Health Literacy Improvement"
- Health Literacy Improvement
- Policy Makers
Vancheri C; Roundtable on Health Literacy; Institute of Medicine. Washington, DC: National Academies Press; 2010. ISBN-10: 0309159318.
This publication summarizes the content delivered at a workshop discussing the FDA's Safe Use Initiative and other medication label improvement programs.
Journal Article > Study
Lokker N, Sanders L, Perrin EM, et al. Pediatrics. 2009;123:1464-1471.
The US Food and Drug Administration discourages the use of over-the-counter cold medications in children younger than 2 years. Despite this, most parents in this study thought such medications were entirely appropriate for their infants, and appeared to be unduly influenced by the product labeling and graphics. Prior research has identified low health literacy as a prominent risk factor for misinterpreting prescription drug labels. This study also found that limited numeracy (the ability to apply arithmetic operations to everyday tasks) was a risk factor for incorrectly interpreting the product labeling. A prior trial used pictorial displays to explain medication dosing in children and resulted in fewer errors and improved adherence.
Oakbrook Terrace, IL: The Joint Commission; 2007.
Low health literacy is a recognized patient safety problem. Prior research has demonstrated that patients with impaired health literacy have difficulty comprehending prescription instructions and warnings. This Joint Commission report, developed by an expert panel, contains specific recommendations for improving provider–patient communication, in order to ameliorate the problem of low health literacy as much as possible. The report recommends that organizations establish communication as a patient safety priority and calls for financial support for patient-centered care initiatives.
Tools/Toolkit > Toolkit
This four-chapter report defines "health literacy" and provides strategies for states to address existing educational gaps. It outlines the existing activities of interested stakeholders and summarizes the findings of a survey conducted by the Council on State governments. The report ultimately offers supportive tools for state policy makers to clarify relevant issues in their own states.
Journal Article > Study
Shiffman S, Cotton H, Jessurun C, Rohay JM, Sembower MA. J Am Pharm Assoc (2003). 2016;56:495-503.
Poor health literacy is associated with the misunderstanding of medication labels, which can lead to adverse drug events. This study sought to assess how adding an acetaminophen icon to the labels of acetaminophen-containing medications affects consumers' ability to avoid unintentional overdose, which is known to cause liver damage. Investigators found that presence of the icon reduced the likelihood of medication errors by 53%, and they concluded that the icon may particularly benefit those with lower health literacy. A past WebM&M commentary discussed a case of liver injury caused by incorrect dosing of acetaminophen.
Hewitt M, Hernandez LM; Roundtable on Health Literacy, Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice, Institute of Medicine. Washington, DC: National Academies Press; 2014. ISBN: 9780309303651.
Health literacy can affect patients' ability to understand directions, ask good questions, and participate in care. Framing health literacy as a public health challenge, this report describes efforts to address it in three states and explores implementation and research to improve it across the United States.
Legislation/Regulation > Government Resource
Council recommendation on patient safety, including the prevention and control of healthcare associated infections.
Council of the European Union (2009).
This document provides a series of suggestions to improve patient safety in health care systems across the European Union.
Smerd J. Workforce Management. June 11, 2007;1, 16-19.
This article discusses the financial impact on employers when an employee is affected by medical error.