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- Cardiothoracic Surgery
- Practice Guidelines
Journal Article > Organizational Policy/Guidelines
Patient safety in the cardiac operating room: human factors and teamwork: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association.
Wahr JA, Prager RL, Abernathy JH 3rd, et al; American Heart Association Council on Cardiovascular Surgery and Anesthesia, Council on Cardiovascular and Stroke Nursing, Council on Quality of Care and Outcomes Research. Circulation. 2013;128:1139-1169.
This scientific statement from the American Heart Association (AHA) reviews the current state of knowledge on safety issues in the operating room (OR) and provides detailed recommendations for hospitals to implement to improve safety and patient outcomes. These recommendations include using checklists and formal handoff protocols for every procedure, teamwork training and other approaches to enhance safety culture, applying human factors engineering principles to optimize OR design and minimize fatigue, and taking steps to discourage disruptive behavior by clinicians. AHA scientific statements, which are considered the standard of care for cardiac patients, have traditionally focused on clinical issues, but this article (and an earlier statement on medication error prevention) illustrates the critical importance of ensuring safety in this complex group of patients.
Cases & Commentaries
- Web M&M
Curtiss B. Cook, MD; January 2009
Admitted to the hospital for surgery, a man with type 1 diabetes mellitus asked the staff to leave his home insulin pump in place but did not mention that he was adjusting his insulin pump himself based on serial glucose measurements. As the patient was also receiving an intravenous insulin infusion, he developed hypoglycemia.
Carbonara P. Fast Company. October 2008.
This magazine article describes how one health system is using an evidence-based, pay-for-performance program to reduce errors and improve outcomes in coronary-artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery.