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Search results for "Internal Medicine"
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Washington, DC: American Society of Hematology; 2018.
The American Society of Hematology released new guidelines on prophylaxis for venous thromboembolism, which can be a patient safety problem among hospitalized patients. Key recommendations include low-molecular-weight heparin as the preferred agent when medication prophylaxis is indicated and screening of all hospitalized patients for venous thromboembolism risk and bleeding.
Surviving sepsis campaign: international guidelines for management of severe sepsis and septic shock: 2012.
Dellinger RP, Levy MM, Rhodes A, et al; Surviving Sepsis Campaign Guidelines Committee including the Pediatric Subgroup. Crit Care Med. 2013;41:580-637.
This guideline reviews recommendations from an international consensus committee on sepsis treatment and management to guide safe care for patients with sepsis.
Prevention and treatment of bile duct injuries during laparoscopic cholecystectomy: the clinical practice guidelines of the European Association for Endoscopic Surgery (EAES).
Eikermann M, Siegel R, Broeders I, et al. Surg Endosc. 2012;26:3003-3039.
This guideline reports on recommendations from an expert panel to prevent bile duct injuries during laparoscopic cholecystectomy, despite limited evidence on this rare complication.
O'Grady NP, Alexander M, Burns LA, et al; Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee. Am J Infect Control. 2011;52:e162-e193.
This article discusses strategies to prevent catheter-related infections.
Primary care–relevant interventions to prevent falling in older adults: a systematic evidence review for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force.
Michael YL, Whitlock EP, Lin JS, Fu R, O'Connor EA, Gold R; US Preventive Services Task Force. Ann Intern Med. 2010;153:815-825.
Falls are a major source of preventable morbidity and mortality for elderly patients in both the ambulatory care and hospital setting. However, efforts to prevent falls have been limited by a lack of high quality evidence supporting specific prevention strategies. This AHRQ-funded systematic review identified several focused interventions, including physical therapy, exercise, and vitamin D supplementation, that appeared to reduce the risk of falls in outpatients. The evidence base in this area has also been strengthened by recent studies showing that patient education and individualized interventions can prevent falls in hospitalized patients.
Medication errors in acute cardiovascular and stroke patients. A scientific statement from the American Heart Association.
Michaels AD, Spinler SA, Leeper B, et al; American Heart Association Acute Cardiac Care Committee of the Council on Clinical Cardiology, Council on Quality of Care and Outcomes Research, Council on Cardiopulmonary, Critical Care, Perioperative, and Resuscitation, Council on Cardiovascular Nursing, Stroke Council. Circulation. 2010;121:1664-1682.
Patients hospitalized with acute coronary syndromes or strokes are particularly vulnerable to medication errors, as many of these patients are elderly, have complex medication regimens, or are administered high-risk medications such as anticoagulants. This position paper from the American Heart Association reviews the specific types of medication errors in these patients, including dosing errors, administration of contraindicated medications, and errors of omission (failure to prescribe recommended therapies). The authors make specific, evidence-based recommendations for preventing medication errors in this patient population, including integrating pharmacists into inpatient teams and using computerized provider order entry and medication reconciliation to detect and prevent errors. A medication error in an acute coronary syndrome patient is illustrated in this AHRQ WebM&M commentary.
Recommendations from the British Committee for Standards in Haematology and National Patient Safety Agency.
Baglin TP, Cousins D, Keeling DM, Perry DJ, Watson HG. Br J Haematol. 2006;136:26-29.
The authors provide guidelines to help manage risks and ensure the safe administration of oral anticoagulant therapy in the United Kingdom.