Journal Article

Resident uncertainty in clinical decision making and impact on patient care: a qualitative study.

Farnan JM, Johnson JK, Meltzer DO, et al. Quality & safety in health care. 2008;17:122-6.

This study used critical incident analysis techniques to explore how internal medicine residents handled clinical decision-making, with specific attention to how authority gradients affected when residents asked for advice and whom they approached for assistance.