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The JCAHO patient safety event taxonomy: a standardized terminology and classification schema for near misses and adverse events.

Chang A, Schyve PM, Croteau RJ, et al. The JCAHO patient safety event taxonomy: a standardized terminology and classification schema for near misses and adverse events. Int J Qual Health Care. 2005;17(2):95-105.

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March 6, 2005
Chang A, Schyve PM, Croteau RJ, et al. Int J Qual Health Care. 2005;17:95-105.

The rapid increase in research and publications on patient safety following the landmark Institute of Medicine report resulted in the need for a common set of definitions and terminology for patient safety concepts.  To achieve this goal, the authors developed a taxonomy based on a systematic literature review.  The taxonomy, which has been widely accepted since its publication, consists of 5 primary classifications that can be used to classify an error:  impact, type, domain, cause, and prevention or mitigation.

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Chang A, Schyve PM, Croteau RJ, et al. The JCAHO patient safety event taxonomy: a standardized terminology and classification schema for near misses and adverse events. Int J Qual Health Care. 2005;17(2):95-105.