Journal Article

Moving beyond misuse and diversion: the urgent need to consider the role of iatrogenic addiction in the current opioid epidemic.

Beauchamp GA; Winstanley EL; Ryan SA; Lyons MS.

A substantial number of drug deaths in the United States have been associated with inadvertent overdose of prescription opioids. This commentary explores contributors to iatrogenic opioid addiction, identifies patient characteristics that increase risk of drug dependence, and makes recommendations for education and research to improve safety of chronic pain management.